Sex is what we get
biologically by birth, but
gender is not inherently
connected to one’s
Sex = male & female
Gender = masculine &
Gender explains the difference between men
and women in social terms as men and what a
man can do, as women and what a woman can
do or can’t do.
It is one’s innermost concept of self as male or female
or both or neither. It is the way how an individual
perceive himself. One’s gender identity can be the
same or different than the sex assigned at birth.
It is the way in which people outwardly interact
their gender identity to others through behavior,
clothing, haircut, voice and other forms of
presentation. Sometimes, transgender people
seek to match their physical expression with
their gender identity rather than their birth
Gender stereotyping can be defined as the over
generalization of characteristics, differences and attributes of
a certain group based on their gender. Gender stereotypes
generates a widely accepted prejudiced opinion about the
characteristics or traits that applied to each gender.
If a man or woman acts in a different way from how their
gender is assumed to behave, they won’t be agreed.
Gender stereotypes becomes dangerous sometimes,
because they might create unequal dealing to a certain
person who chooses to challenge people’s assumption
about his/her gender.
The concepts of ender equity and gender
equality are interconnected. But they are not
WHO defines gender equity as fairness and justice in the
distribution of benefits and responsibilities between women
It is the concept of distributing resources, allocating programs
and providing rights in decision making reasonably to both
males and females without any discrimination on the basis of
Gender equity does not mean making the same programs and facilities available
to both males and females. It means giving everyone what they need to be
Gender equality is treating everyone as the
same. Like equity, equality aims to promote
fairness and justice but is only successful if
everyone starts from the same level and needs
the same things.