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Brickwork in Building, Size, Ingredients, Manufacturing, Transportation, Brick Bonds.pptx

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Brickwork in Building, Size, Ingredients, Manufacturing, Transportation, Brick Bonds.pptx

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Brickwork is masonry produced by a bricklayer, using bricks and mortar. Typically, rows of bricks called courses are laid on top of one another to build up a structure such as a brick wall.
In modern construction, brick walls (sometimes referred to as brickwork) tend to be used for housing as the external component of cavity wall construction in which they are tied to an inner masonry leaf which can also be brick but is more often blockwork.
A brick is a type of block used to build walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction. Properly, the term brick denotes a block composed of dried clay, but is now also used informally to denote other chemically cured construction blocks.
Brickwork in Building, Size,
Ingredients & Manufacturing
Transportation, Brick Bonds

Brickwork is masonry produced by a bricklayer, using bricks and mortar. Typically, rows of bricks called courses are laid on top of one another to build up a structure such as a brick wall.
In modern construction, brick walls (sometimes referred to as brickwork) tend to be used for housing as the external component of cavity wall construction in which they are tied to an inner masonry leaf which can also be brick but is more often blockwork.
A brick is a type of block used to build walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction. Properly, the term brick denotes a block composed of dried clay, but is now also used informally to denote other chemically cured construction blocks.
Brickwork in Building, Size,
Ingredients & Manufacturing
Transportation, Brick Bonds

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Brickwork in Building, Size, Ingredients, Manufacturing, Transportation, Brick Bonds.pptx

  1. 1. Brickwork in Building
  2. 2.  Brickwork is masonry produced by a bricklayer, using bricks and mortar. Typically, are laid on top of one another to build up a structure such as a brick wall.
  3. 3.  A brick is a block or a single unit of a ceramic material used in masonry construction.
  4. 4.  The bricks used in construction field have some proper size . We have different sizes of Bricks that used in the field.  Standard size  Nominal Size
  5. 5.  In standard Size of Brick we have the size of Brick; 9” x 4 ½” x 3” (225 mm x 110 mm x 75 mm) This is a standard size of Bricks but this size of bricks we obtain after pasting the mortar on them.
  6. 6.  This is also a Size of brick that is used in the field. 9” x 3w 11/16” x 2w 5/8” ( 200 mm x 100 mm x 100 mm) This size is also obtained by pasting the mortar on the brick.
  7. 7.  SiO2(silicon di-oxide)= 67.0 %  Al2O3 (Alumina)=26.0 %  Fe2O3 (Ferous Oxide)=2.90 %  Na2O(Di sodium oxide)=0.069%  MgO (magnesium oxide)=1.20 %  P2O5 (phosphourus penta oxide)=0.036 %  SO3(Sulpher tri-Oxide)= 0.47 %  K2O(Di-potasium oxide)=2.1 %  CaO(Calsium oxide)=0.11 %  Cr2O3(Cromimum oxide)=0.012 %  MnO(manganies oxide)= 0.01 %
  8. 8.  We should mix the minerals in its actual value and by maintain the ratio between the minerals.  If the ratio of any mineral changed then its directly impact shown on the brick.  E.g.; If we decrease the value of Iron Oxide then we cannot obtain the proper red color of brick.
  9. 9.  Preparation of Soil for bricks.  Molding.  Drying.  Burning in Kiln.  Removal.
  10. 10.  The first step in the forming process, produces a homogeneous, plastic clay mass. Usually, this is achieved by adding water to the Clay. the plastic clay mass is ready for forming.
  11. 11.  By hand molding: in this type a mold of wood or steel used.  Machine Molding: In this type , different types of machines are used to make bricks.
  12. 12.  After molding we cannot put the bricks in the kiln because if we put them in the kiln the change of temperature will distract the shape of the brick so we before burning we have to dry them in the air.
  13. 13.  After drying the bricks we put them in the kiln for burning process. In burning process we make sure that all the bricks are dry and ready for burning,
  14. 14.  If we are burning the bricks at small scale then we use the clamp for this and if we are burning the bricks at high level then we need a kiln for this.
  15. 15.  A kiln contains 8 different parts in circular shape and connected to each other by a door.  When Bricks are burned properly we remove from them in the kiln.  When we remove once then the fire in the kiln are moved to next part and so on next.
  16. 16.  After removing the bricks from kiln, the next step is the supply of bricks on the sites. • For Transportation , Trucks are used and bricks are loaded to these vehicles in proper shape so that the bricks make safe.
  17. 17.  When using a brick, make sure you are putting its frog on the upper side(Frog is the recess in the surface of earth)  When lay the next brick we paste the mortar on the header of the previous brick.
  18. 18.  In masonry we have to break their joints, if we don not break the joints we cannot obtain the strength of a wall.
  19. 19.  There are different types of brick bonds( bonds are actually the method of layering the bricks).  We only discuss the main 2 Bonds;  English Bond  Flemish Bond
  20. 20. English Bond  In this bond we see 1st layer’s stretcher and the 2nd layers header and so on.  In this bond we see the stretcher of a brick and the header of the next brick in the same layer and so on. Flemish Bond
  21. 21. Stretcher Header Closer
  22. 22. Stretcher Header Closer
  23. 23.  To find Bricks used in any wall, first we determine the volume (Length x Breadth x Height) of the wall.  Multiply the Volume by 13.5 in (Cft), or 500 in (m3)  100cft  1350 Bricks  1 m3  500 Bricks
  24. 24.  Volume of bricks(after deducting doors and window)  Length of 13.5” walls = 2898 cft  Length of 9” walls = 5795 cft  Length of 4.5” = 54 cft  Total volume of brick work = 8747 cft
  25. 25.  Total volume x 13.5 8747 x 13.5 = 1,18092 Bricks (say) =1,18100 bricks Cost of Bricks (6000 Rs/1000 Bricks) Total cost of Bricks = 7,08600/- Rs.

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