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Learning objectives• Define a target for program planning purpose• List the components of a target• Formulate appropriate targets for defined objectives3/11/2013 2
Definition• Target is the expected result of a set of specific activities• Targets define measurable amounts of activities that are required to achieve each objective during the time span of the plan• Targets are usually annual• Targets allow estimation of the efforts and resources that must be invested for achieving objectives• Targets help in tracking progress3/11/2013 3
Definition cont.• Every target has two components – Operational output – Unit of measurement • Example – to increase to 40%** the proportion of primiparous pregnant women who take ITP* in accordance to the national policy by the year 2014 – A combination of several activities are required to achieve this objective * Operational output ** Unit of measurement3/11/2013 4
Targets and interventions• Disease management: – By the end of 2014, the proportion of patients in the target group who will have been managed according to the national policy will be 80% – By the end of 2014, the proportion of referral institutions with fully functioning malaria microscopy capabilities will have been increased by 20 percentage points3/11/2013 5
Targets and interventions cont.• Required activities to achieve the selected targets may include: – Production and distribution of malaria treatment guideline – Training of staff – Supervision and quality assurance – Information, education and communication – Provision of supplies (e.g. lab reagents, medicines) – Advocacy3/11/2013 6
Targets and interventions cont.• Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy – Objective – reduction of the proportion of low birth weight infants • Target – by the end of 2014, the proportion of pregnant women who took ITP according to the national policy will have increased by 20 percentage points3/11/2013 7
Targets and interventions cont.• Vector control – insecticide treated mosquito nets – Objective – reduction of morbidity due to malaria • Target – by the end of 2014, the proportion of target persons who are reporting of using insecticide treated bed nets, will have increased by 40 percentage points – Required activities – distribution of LLINs, training, impregnation of untreated nets, IEC, regular assessment of malaria vectors’ susceptibility to insecticides3/11/2013 8
Targets and interventions cont.• Vector control – insecticide residual spraying – Objectives – reduction of the incidence of PF malaria to zero • Target – by the end of 2014, the proportion of target household sprayed with a suitable residual insecticide will be 85% – Required activities – determination of the local effectiveness of the method, mapping of the region, procurement and management of insecticides, recruitment of staff, training, information management, supervision3/11/2013 9
Targets and interventions cont.• Epidemic control – Objective – reduction of mortality due to malaria epidemics • Target – by the end of 2014, appropriate vector control measures will be expanded to control 90% of epidemics forecasted or detected in the country – Required activities – identification of areas at risk of malaria epidemics, active surveillance, development of a functional epidemic detection and response mechanism, training, availability of supplies equipment and personal, preventive interventions to be applied, curative measures for controlling the epidemics3/11/2013 10
Learning objectives• Define a target for program planning purpose• List the components of a target• Formulate appropriate targets for defined objectives3/11/2013 11