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Basic English Grammar (Verb).

  1. Welcome to the Presentation on verb
  2. What is a verb? • Any action, being or having is called verb. • Without verb we can’t imagine a sentence. • A sentence must have a verb. • That is why verb is called the heart of a sentence. • That means if a single word is a sentence that is a verb.
  3. A verb has different identification • First of all there are two types of verb. Main Verb Finite verb or Principle verb Auxiliary Verb or Helping Verb
  4. Helping Verbs or Auxiliary Verbs • There are four types of auxiliary verbs: • To be: be, am, is ,are, was, were, • To have: have, has, had • To do: do, did, does • Modals ( ‘others’ auxiliary verbs): can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, etc.
  5. Identification process of Auxiliary verbs • Basically helping verbs always sit before main verb. • For Example: He has finished his work. • But sometimes they can be main verb, when they are actually alone in a sentence. • For Example: He is a student. She has a car. • Modals verbs never can be main verb because they can not sit alone in a sentence. • They can run fast. You must be active. Etc.
  6. Finite and non finite verbs • Finite verb: The verb that we can change according to the tense, number or person . • For example: I drink water. I drank water. I have drunk water. • Non Finite verb: The verb that we can not change according to the tense, number or person. • For example: He loves to draw. • If I change this sentence in different tenses ‘to draw’ will not be changed. So ‘to draw’ in this sentence is a non finite verb.
  7. Types of non- finite verb • Non-finite verbs are three types: • 1. Infinitive which is (to +verb) . • For example: They come here to learn English. • 2. Gerund: (Verb+ ing) works as a noun. • For example: Swimming is a good exercise. I love drawing. • In these sentences swimming and drawing are nouns that have worked here as subject and object. • 3. Participle: (Verb + ing) when works as adjectives or adverbs, we call it present participle. • For Example: A smiling face is always beautiful. He did the work dancing.
  8. That’s all for today. Thank You