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Making Web Easily Accessible with Web Accessibility

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With the enhancement in technology, it has become essential that web is accessible to all the people including the disabled. Explore with us some of the important aspects related to Web Accessibility.

Publicada em: Tecnologia
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Making Web Easily Accessible with Web Accessibility

  1. 1. Making Web Accessible With Web Accessibility
  2. 2. Web Accessibility Web accessibility facilitates the differently abled people to access the web. In simple words, the people with disability can easily perceive and understand the content which is available on the web. There are millions people who are unable to properly access the WEB. Accessibility could also be beneficial for old people whose abilities deteriorate due to old age. With the increase in number of software tools and websites, differently abled people are able to use the web more effectively.
  3. 3. Perceive and Understand The Site Visitor (disabled one) 01 02 03 Content available on Web www.multidots.com
  4. 4. Types of Disabilities www.multidots.com
  5. 5. Need of Web Accessibility Web is essential for various domains of life. They could be: www.multidots.com Education Employment Government Trade Health Transport
  6. 6. ● In some countries, web is replacing many traditional resources which are serving various domains of life. ● Hence, it is required to be equally accessible to those with disabilities. As a result, it would allow the differently abled people to participate actively in the society. www.multidots.com
  7. 7. WCAG – Web Content Accessibility Guidelines In order to provide web accessibility to the differently abled people in an efficient manner, World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has defined some guidelines. Provisions in WCAG: ● Alternatives to Text ● Alternatives to Video ● Easily adaptable content ● Add Contrast to the visible content ● Keyboard accessibility ● Seizure Content to be avoided ● Proper Navigation to be provided ● Providing proper assistance www.multidots.com
  8. 8. WCAG Principles Perceivable Operable Understandable Robust www.multidots.com
  9. 9. Who have to follow WCAG? Web Content Accessibility Guidelines are for the group of people or entities, who upload information on the web. These include: • Website Content Developers (site designers, site authors, etc.) • Web tool developers • Web accessibility evaluation tool developers • Those who want to implement the Web Accessibility Standards • Those who want to implement the Mobile Accessibility Standards An important thing to note here that WCAG is only a technical standard defined for making web accessible for differently abled people and not an indoctrination of accessibility. www.multidots.com
  10. 10. Benefits of Using Web Accessibility Albeit, the main objective of web accessibility is to facilitate the differently abled people, but it is also beneficial for those without disabilities; but they face difficulty in accessing the web. www.multidots.com
  11. 11. www.multidots.com Old people People using old technologies Smartphone users Users who are new and not using internet frequently Users who are new and not using internet frequently Users who are new and not using internet frequently
  12. 12. Web Accessibility Benefits to Old People With the growing age, OLD people are liable to get age related impairments. Though this can’t be termed as disabled, they could be said to have deteriorating body functions. www.multidots.com
  13. 13. Visually Impaired people can benefit from the following: ● Foreground and Background colors in Contrast ● Increased font with proper line spacing ● Including styled text rather than bitmap images for better information transfer ● Avoiding seizure images www.multidots.com
  14. 14. Old people having hearing problem or slight deafness ● Transcripts and captions provided with audio content ● Contrast in background sound and foreground image
  15. 15. ● Simple Language ● Certain phrases to be provided with additional explanation ● Seamless Navigation and links ● Designs to be consistent ● Information provided in blocks ● To include text that doesn’t flash too much ● Sufficient reading time for reading content www.multidots.com Web accessibility for people with low literacy or cognitive disabilities
  16. 16. ● Provide alternatives for images & other multimedia in the form of readable text format ● Re-coding for information and conveyed in different colors ● Contrast between foreground and background colors ● Use styled text instead of bitmap images to enhance the download speed ● Effective use of style sheets to separate content from presentation ● Reorganization of site to make it readable and understandable without style sheets ● Consistent designs and simple navigation www.multidots.com Web accessibility for people who use old technologies and low bandwidth connections
  17. 17. Aspects of accessibility that could benefit new, infrequent and mobile users: ● Simple design and smooth navigation ● Image maps having text links ● The web content to be perceivable, understandable, operable and robust www.multidots.com Web accessibility for new, infrequent and mobile users
  18. 18. Legal acts by various governments Governments all over the world have introduced laws that would require IT products to be accessible by differently abled people. www.multidots.com
  19. 19. What is VPAT? - VPAT stands for Voluntary Product Accessibility Template. It evaluates how accessible a particular product is according to Section 508 standards. It is a self disclosing document produced by the vendor. It has been developed by ITI in partnership with the U.S. government’s central procurement office. - It includes the following: ● Section 508 is a must after January 2018 ● Documentation of product conformance adhering to web accessibility standards and guidelines ● It would be required by all the purchases that are related to IT industry www.multidots.com
  20. 20. Let’s Look at an Example of portal with Web Accessibility features incorporated www.multidots.com
  21. 21. www.multidots.com
  22. 22. www.multidots.com
  23. 23. Where Web Accessibility is Needed the most? Web Accessibility implementaion and compliance are required by any private or government organization dealing in public affairs. For instance, ● PSUs (Public Sector Units) ● NGOs (Non-Government Organizations) ● Government Portals ● Large Municipal Corporations ● Utility Customer Portals ● Customer self service portals www.multidots.com
  24. 24. Multidots Solutions Pvt. Ltd. C-202, Ganesh Meridian, Nr. Sola Over Bridge, S.G. Highway, Sola Ahmedabad – 380060, Gujarat, INDIA +91-79-2970-8121 Multidots Inc. 2301 Gallows Road Suite 205, Dunn Loring, Virginia – 22027, United States +1-646-568-5447 inquiry@multidots.com inquiry.multidots www.multidots.com