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Howard Gardner- Multiple intelligence presentation
TOPIC: HOWARD GARDENER’S THEORY
PRESENTOR- BATCH 2:
M SALEEM, SHAUKAT, SOHAIL , SHAZAD ,WASEEM
Well Come To Gardener Intelligence
Howard Gardner’s theory
Howard Gardner defines intelligence as
"the capacity to solve problems or to fashion
products that are valued in one or more
cultural setting" (Gardner & Hatch, 1989).
Using biological as well as cultural research, he
formulated a list of eight intelligences.
This new outlook on intelligence differs greatly from
the traditional view that usually recognizes only two
intelligences, verbal and mathematical.
Who is Howard Gardner?
Howard Gardner is a psychologist and Professor at
Harvard University's Graduate School of
Based on his study of many people, Gardner
developed the theory of multiple intelligences.
Gardner defines intelligence as “ability to solve
problems or to create products which are valued in
one or more cultural settings.”
According to Gardner, 8 different types of
intelligence are displayed by humans.
consists of the ability to:
This intelligence is most often associated with
scientific and mathematical thinking.
Famous examples: Albert Einstein, John Dewey.
involves having a mastery of languagea mastery of language
This intelligence includes thethe
ability to effectively manipulateability to effectively manipulate
languagelanguage to express oneself
rhetorically or poetically.
It also allows one to use language aslanguage as
a means to remembera means to remember information.
Famous examples: Charles Dickens, Abraham Lincoln, T.S.
Eliot, Sir Winston Churchill.
gives one the ability to
manipulate and create mental
images in order to solve
This intelligence is not
limited to visual domains--
Gardner notes that spatial
intelligence is also formed in
encompasses the capability to recognize and compose
musical pitches, tones, and rhythms.
(Auditory functions are required for a person to develop
this intelligence in relation to pitch and tone, but these
functions would not be needed for the knowledge of
Famous examples: Mozart, Leonard Bernstein, Ray Charles.
is the ability to use one's mental abilities to coordinate
one's own bodily movements. This intelligence challenge
the popular belief that mental and physical activity are
The ability to use your body skillfully to solve problems
create products or present ideas and emotions.
An ability obviously displayed for athletic pursuits,
dancing, acting, artistically, or in building and
You can include surgeons in this category
Famous examples: Charlie Chaplin, Michael Jordan.
The ability to work effectively withwork effectively with
to relate to other peoplerelate to other people
display empathyempathy and understandingunderstanding
notice their motivations and goals.motivations and goals.
This is a vital human intelligence displayed by
good teachers, facilitators, therapists,good teachers, facilitators, therapists,
politicians, religious leaders and salespoliticians, religious leaders and sales
Famous examples: Gandhi, Ronald Reagan, Mother
Teresa, Oprah Winfrey.
The ability for self-analysis and reflection–to be able to:
quietly contemplate and assess one's
review one's behavior and innermost feelings
make plans and set goals
Philosophers, counselors, and many peak
performers in all fields of endeavor have this
form of intelligence.
Famous examples: Freud, Eleanor Roosevelt, Plato.
designates the human ability to discriminate among living thingsdesignates the human ability to discriminate among living things
(plants, animals) as well as sensitivity to other features of the(plants, animals) as well as sensitivity to other features of the
natural world (clouds, rock configurations).natural world (clouds, rock configurations).
to make distinctions in the natural world and to use this
ability productively–for example in hunting, farming, or
Farmers, botanists, conservationists, biologists, environmentalistsFarmers, botanists, conservationists, biologists, environmentalists
would all display aspects of the intelligence.would all display aspects of the intelligence.
Famous examples: Charles Darwin, Rachel Carson.
Can we be more than one?Can we be more than one?
Although the intelligences are anatomically
separated from each other,
Gardner claims that the eight
intelligences very rarely operate
Rather, the intelligences are used
concurrently and typically
complement each other
as individuals develop skills or solve problems.
For example, a dancer can excel in his art onlyFor example, a dancer can excel in his art only
if he/she has if he/she has
strong musical intelligence to understand
the rhythm and variations of the music
bodily-kinesthetic intelligence to provide
him with the agility and coordination to
complete the movements successfully
interpersonal intelligence to understand
how he can inspire or emotionally move his
audience through his movements
Comparison with VAK
learning style description
Visual seeing and reading
Auditory listening and speaking
Kinesthetic touching and doing
Only three modalities are in VAK, used so
widespread option is less.
With Gardener’s intelligence modal wide spread
option are available.
1- Which model/theory would you propose
for Ist year MBBS students.
2- Can multiple Intelligences enhance
3- What is the role of bodily kinesthetic
intelligence for Ist Year MBBS student.
4- Difference between interpersonal and
intra personal learning styles.
5- What is importance of linguistics
intelligence in enhancing learning.