Name ID No. Reg. No.
MD. Ahsan Kabir Jim 18030100 08407
Arifa Islam Oishe 18030101 08408
Shimanto Shougot Tanim 18030103 08410
Abidul Muhaimin Alvi 1703004 07645
Sanjana Rahman Urmi 1703060 07701
Md. Shihab Uddin 1803102 08409
Kaniz Fatima 1703027 07668
Rahat Bin Mustafiz 1703015 07656
Rifat Al Fahim 1703021 07662
Rakib-UL-Hassan 1703035 07676
• Labour movement refers to an organized effort on the part of workers to
improve their economic and social status.
• The purpose of this report is to gain more knowledge about the background of
labour movements all over the world and also learn about the labour rights and
their reasons for movements.
• The information gathered from this report can be used for future research and
study purposes. The knowledge gained from conducting this report will help the
students to perform better in other qualitative researches.
• THE LABOUR MOVEMENT WAS FOUNDED TO FIGHT FOR THE RIGHTS OF
WORKERS. THE OBJECTIVE WAS TO GET BETTER WAGES, SAFER WORKING
CONDITIONS, AND MORE FLEXIBLE HOURS.
• THE EARLY LABOUR MOVEMENT WAS MOTIVATED BY MORE THAN JUST THE
IMMEDIATE WORK INTERESTS OF ITS MEMBERS.
Objectives of the study
• To gain more knowledge about the background of labour movements all
over the world.
• To learn about the labour rights and their reasons for movements.
• To evaluate the historical importance of labour law and labour rights.
This report is based on historical events and movements of labour all over
the world. The report was created with the help of secondary data. Because
this report was based on historical data and evidence, gathering primary data
was impossible. Research on various topics were conducted with the help of
google scholar and newspaper articles about relevant topics. The report was
completed as a group project with contribution from every member of the
HISTORY OF LABOR MOVEMENT
Movements in America
• Low salary than the industry worker
• Spend more hours than the factory worker or paycheck is little then the spending time
• Risky condition in working place
• Child labor
• Health benefit
• Assist wounded or retired employees.
These all are happening to the artisans or non-industry worker.
1827- philadephia main labor bodies started to gather together in city
1852- they start to form in A group in united states and canada
In 19th century it became the movement for the skilled workers not as a industry or
1880 and 1886
in 1880 a huge number of people gather together to strike against the trade union
but after failing there they came again in may 1, 1886.
• AFL ( American Federation of Labor)
• 300000-5 00000 striker attended
• Eight hour working hour established
• Though AFL established above of all race, talent, religion, country
but couldn’t maintain so. Racial factors became the worst among
REASON FOR LABOUR MOVEMENT
• The origins of the labour movement lay in the formative years of the American nation,
when a free wage-labour market formed late in the colonial period in the artisan trades.
The first documented strike took place in 1768 in New York, when journeymen tailors
opposed a wage reduction.
• There was no need for any organization to determine interactions between employers
and employees in the early stages of industrial growth when there were lack of personal
contacts between the two. The clash of interests between the buyer and seller of labour
power has become obvious, resulting in an increase in trade union movement throughout
The majority of strikes and threats of strikes are meant to impose a penalty on the
employer for failing to agree to the union's demands for certain wages, benefits, or
Strikes by Japanese labour unions are not meant to impede production for an
extended length of time; rather, they are viewed as acts of solidarity.
LEADERS OF LABOUR MOVEMENT AND THEIR
• Samuel Gompers: Samuel Gompers was a British-born American cigar maker,
labour union leader and a key figure in American labour history. Gompers
founded the American federation of labor (AFL), and served as the
organization's president from 1886 to 1894, and from 1895 until his death in
1924. He promoted harmony among the different craft unions that comprised the
AFL, trying to minimize jurisdictional battles.
• John l. Lewis: john L. Lewis was an american leader of organized labor who
served as president of the united mine workers of america (UMW) from 1920 to
1960. A major player in the history of coal mining, he was the driving force
behind the founding of the congress of industrial organizations (CIO), which
established the united steel workers of america and helped organize millions of
other industrial workers in the 1930s, during the great depression.
• Clara shavelson: clara shavelson was a leader of the uprising of 20,000, the
massive strike of shirtwaist workers in new york's garment industry in 1909,
where she spoke in yiddish and called for action.
LABOUR AND RACIAL EQUALITY
Racial inequalities have been particularly pronounced in our labour market, over
decades. BAME people are more likely to be out of work than white people, to be in low
paid work and to experience poverty. Overall, just over two thirds of BAME people are
in work (68%) compared with nearly four fifths of white people (78%).
Underneath this, the employment rate gap has fallen significantly over the last two
decades for men, to just 5 percentage points – but for black men, the gap stands at 11
percentage points (with employment for black men actually falling in recent years, while
it has risen for others). For women the employment rate gap has narrowed more slowly,
and now stands at 14 percentage points (but is more than double this for women of
pakistani or bangladeshi descent).
INTERNATIONAL LABOUR STANDARDS
• International labour standards are legal instruments developed by ILO constituents that
establish fundamental principles and rights at work. Conventions, which are legally binding
international treaties that can be ratified by ILO member states, or recommendations, which
are non-binding suggestions, are the two types. In many circumstances, a convention lays
forth the fundamental principles that ratifying nations must follow, although a related
recommendation can also be self-contained.
• ILS are approved at the International Labour Conference (ILC), and member states must
submit them for consideration to their competent authorities. In the context of conventions,
this signifies that ratification is being considered. Ratifying nations agree to implement the
convention in national law and practice, as well as to report on its implementation to the ILO's
regular supervision system on a regular basis. For breaches of a convention that a country has
ratified, representation and complaint processes can be undertaken.
International labour organization
• International labor organization (ILO), the united nations' sole tripartite
body, has brought together governments, employers, and workers from
187 member states since 1919 to set labor standards, formulate laws, and
plan programs to promote decent employment for all women and men.
• The international labor organization's Iilo) constitution was created by
• The labor commission, which was led by Samuel Gompers,
• President of the American federation of labor (AFL) in the united states, in
• Belgium, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, France, Italy, japan, Poland, the united
kingdom, and the united states were among the nine countries
Security, humanitarian, political, and economic reasons all played a role in
Preamble's areas of development, such as
• Regulating working hours and labor supply,
• Preventing unemployment and providing an appropriate living wage,
• And social protection for workers, children, young people, and
women, are still pertinent today.
• The preamble also acknowledges a number of essential concepts,
such as fair pay for equal labor and freedom of association, and
emphasizes the need of vocational and technical education, among
LABOUR MOVEMENT IN BANGLADESH
• The worker's movement is a group of people that want to change the world (to
1947) only a few industrial firms existed in bengal's eastern area prior to 1947.
• The first signs of labour discontent occurred during the khilafat and non-
cooperation movements (1920-22).
• Due to a lack of leadership, the labour movement became relatively weak after
EMPLOYEE’S RIGHTS TO ENGAGE IN
• The lawfulness of a strike may depend on the object, or purpose, of the strike, on
its timing, or on the conduct of the strikers. The object, or objects, of a strike and
whether the objects are lawful are matters that are not always easy to determine.
Such issues often have to be decided by the national labour relations board. The
consequences can be severe to striking employees and struck employers, involving
as they do questions of reinstatement and back pay.
• Nothing in this act, except as specifically provided for herein, shall be construed
so as either to interfere with or impede or diminish in any way the right to strike,
or to affect the limitations or qualifications on that right.
• Employees who strike to protest an unfair labour practice committed by their employer
are called unfair labour practice strikers. Such strikers can be neither discharged nor
permanently replaced. When the strike ends, unfair labour practice strikers, absent serious
misconduct on their part, are entitled to have their jobs back even if employees hired to do
their work have to be discharged.
• If the board finds that economic strikers or unfair labour practice strikers who have made
an unconditional request for reinstatement have been unlawfully denied reinstatement by
their employer, the board may award such strikers back pay starting at the time they
should have been reinstated.
Labour movements have been an important part of history regarding
labour rights and working industry. The labour industry that we see
today were made possible by gradual small and big movement
throughout the history around the world. Labours today has far more
rights and benefits compared to a few decades ago.
And labours are still around the world involved in movements to
gain more rights which were overlooked by previous movements. Some
of the rights are now new because decades ago, they were not
The report has been able to provide information about the
history of labour movements and the current situation of labour
movements. The role of international labour organization was included