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Internet of Things
Name: GHANTA SAI RAKESH
Twitter Id: @sairakesh18
University: Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra
Year/Semester: 3rd Year / 6th
Branch: Computer Science Engineering
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical
objects or "things" embedded with electronics, software,
sensors and connectivity to enable it to achieve greater
value and service by exchanging data with the
manufacturer, operator and/or other connected devices.
Each thing is uniquely identifiable through its embedded
computing system but is able to interoperate within the
existing Internet infrastructure.
Typically, IoT is expected to offer advanced connectivity of
devices, systems, and services that goes
beyond machine-to-machine communications (M2M) and
covers a variety of protocols, domains, and applications.
The interconnection of these embedded devices
(including smart objects), is expected to usher in
automation in nearly all fields, while also enabling
advanced applications like a Smart Grid.
Things, in the IoT, can refer to a wide variety of devices such as
heart monitoring implants, biochip transponders on farm animals,
electric clams in coastal waters, automobiles with built-in sensors,
or field operation devices that assist fire-fighters in search and
rescue. These devices collect useful data with the help of various
existing technologies and then autonomously flow the data
between other devices. Current market examples include smart
thermostat systems and washer/dryers that utilize wifi for remote
Besides the plethora of new application areas for Internet
connected automation to expand into, IoT is also expected to
generate large amounts of data from diverse locations that is
aggregated at a very high velocity, thereby increasing the need to
better index, store and process such data.
It is impossible to envisage all potential IoT applications having in
mind the development of technology and the diverse needs of potential
users. In the following sections, we present several applications, which
are important. These applications are described, and the research
challenges are identified. The IoT applications are addressing the
societal needs and the advancements to enabling technologies such as
nano electronics and cyber-physical systems continue to be challenged
by a variety of technical (i.e., scientific and engineering),institutional,
and economical issues.
The list is limited to the applications chosen by the IERC as priorities for
the next years and it provides the research challenges for these applications.
While the applications themselves might be different, the research
challenges are often the same or similar :
Out of the potential Internet of Things application areas, Smart
Cities (and regions), Smart Car and mobility, Smart Home and
assisted living, Smart Industries, Public safety, Energy &
environmental protection, Agriculture and Tourism as part of a
future IoT Ecosystem have acquired high attention.
As the Internet of Things continues to develop, further potential
is estimated by a combination with related technology
approaches and concepts such as Cloud computing, Future
Internet, Big Data, robotics and Semantic technologies. The idea
is of course not new as such but becomes now evident as those
related concepts have started to reveal synergies by combining
My interest areas in the internet of things are:
Utility metrics and utility driven techniques for “Clouds of Things”
Seamless integration of social and sensor networks
Foster Standardisation for smart energy, grid and mobility
IoT infrastructure as general infrastructure
Easy connection and extension of infrastructure
Core infrastructure services for supporting resolution, discovery,
monitoring and adaptation.
If given an opportunity of internship to work in this area, I
would love to work on the following areas of research:
Research on mobile networks and mobile networks of
Research on load modelling of future IoT aware networks
Research on symbiosis of networking and IoT related
distributed data processing
IPv6 and large scale deployments of IoT components
Open communication architectures.