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OVERVIEW OF THE COUNTRY
Country Name: Denmark
Capital City: Copenhagen
National Anthem: Der er et yndigt land (There is a Lovely Country)
Economy: 21st largest economy
Current Queen: Margrethe II
Current Prime Minister: Helle Thorning-Schmidt
Currency: Danish Krone
Population: 5,668,743 (approx.5.6 million)
Religion: Christianity (Lutheran)
130,000–110,000 BC (Eem interglacial period):
Denmark has been inhabited since around 12,500 BC and agriculture has
been evident since 3900 BC.
1800–600 BC (The Nordic Bronze Age):
Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings
including lurs and the Sun Chariot.
500 BC – AD 1 (Pre-Roman Iron Age):
During the Pre-Roman Iron Age, native groups began migrating south,
although the first Danish people came to the country between the Pre-Roman and
the Germanic Iron Age.
Viking and Middle Ages:
From the 8th to the 10th century, the Danes, Norwegians and Swedes were
known as Vikings.
They colonized, raided, and traded in all parts of Europe.
Viking explorers first discovered Iceland by accident in the 9th century.
After the European Revolutions of 1848, Denmark peacefully became
a constitutional monarchy on 5 June 1849.
Denmark faced war against both Prussia and Habsburg Austria in what
became known as the Second Schleswig War, lasting from February to October
Industrialization came to Denmark in the second half of the 19th century.
After World War II, Denmark became one of the founding members of
the European Free Trade Association, NATO.
611 – 4 April War between Denmark and Sweden breaks out when Sweden
attempts to break the Danish monopoly on trade with Russia
1611 – 11 June The Swedish Army is defeated at Kalmar
1613 – 20 January Denmark and Sweden sign a peace treaty. Denmark
becomes an uncontested power nation in Scandinavia
THEJELLING MOUNDS, RUNIC STONESAND CHURCH WERE INSCRIBED ON THEWORLD HERITAGELIST
THE RUNIC TEXT DESCRIBES HOW HARALD BROUGHT DENMARK AND NORWAY
TOGETHER AND CHRISTIANISED THE DANES.
The political system of Denmark is that of a multi-party structure.
Chief of State: Queen Margrethe II
Government Name: Kingdom of Denmark
Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy
The queen is theoretically the source of all executive and legislative power.
The supreme court functions as a civil and appellate court for cases from subordinate
courts. Its judgments cannot be be appealed to another Danish court.
The Folketinget is the parliament of Denmark. It is the supreme and ultimate
legislative body while operating within the confines of the constitution.
DANISH ROYAL FAMILY
The Danish Royal Family consists of the dynastic family of the monarch.
All members of the Danish Royal Family, except Queen Margrethe II, hold the title
of Princess of Denmark.
The Queen and her siblings belong to the House of Glücksburg, which is a branch
of the Royal House of Oldenburg.
The Queen's children and male-line descendants belong agnatically to the
family de Laborde de Monpezat, and were given the concurrent title Count/Countess
of Monpezat by royal decree in April 2008.
The Danish Royal Family enjoys remarkably high approval ratings in Denmark,
possibly ranging from somewhere between 82% and 92%.
THE ROYAL FAMILY OF DENMARK DURING THE QUEEN'S 70TH BIRTHDAY
ON APRIL 16, 2010.
Denmark is a Nordic country located in Northern Europe.
total area of 43,094 square km.
Total land area 98%.
Total water area 2%.
consists of the peninsula of Jutland, north of Germany.
The most populated and largest of the islands is Zealand.
Germany shares 68 km (42 miles) of border with Denmark, and the other 7,314
km (4,545 miles) is coastline.
Denmark also includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea, and the
territories of Greenland and the Faroe Islands.
Denmark has a temperate climate.
mean temperatures in January of 1.5 °C (34.7 °F).
summers, with a mean temperature in August of 17.2 °C (63.0 °F).
Snowfall in December to February.
The spring (Mar-May) is very shifty. It is often very windy and fresh.
The fall (Sep-Nov) have probably the most shifty weather. It is very windy
often have storms in the fall.
Denmark total population is 5,668,743 (5.6 million)
(Wikipedia, April 2015)
89.6% of Denmark's population of over 5,580,516 is of Danish descent (
has Danish Citizenship).
10.4% are immigrants (Ethnic Groups) came from Turkey, Somalia, Iraq,
Bosnia, S. Asia and Middle East.
34% approx. 200,000 population have a Western background and 66%
approx. 390,000 population have a non-Western background.
99% of the population is literate.
The fertility rate is 1.73 children born per woman (2013). Despite the low
birth rate, the population is still growing at an average annual rate of
0.23%. (Wikipedia, 2012)
POPULATION RATE (2012)
Population Rate %
Persons of Danish origin Immigrants
Descendent of an immigrant
RELIGION (WIKIPEDIA, JAN, 2015)
In January 2015, 77.8% of the population of Denmark were members of
the Church of Denmark (Den Danske Folkekirke),the officially
established church, which is Lutheran in tradition.
Despite the high membership figures, only 3% of the population regularly
attend Church on Sunday.
The constitution of Denmark states that a member of the Royal Family must be
a member of the Church of Denmark, though the rest of the population is free
to adhere to other faiths.
In 1682, the state granted limited recognition to three religious groups which
were Roman Catholicism, the Reformed Church and Judaism.
Denmark’s Muslims make up approximately 3% of the population and form
the country's second largest religious community.
SURVEY ABOUT GOD
25% of Danes believe Jesus is the son of God.
18% believe he is the savior of the world.
(Euro barometer Poll, 2009)
28% of Danish citizens polled responded that they "believe there is a God”
47% responded that they "believe there is some sort of spirit or life force"
24% responded that they "do not believe there is any sort of spirit, God or life
(Euro barometer Poll, 2010)
Danish is a North Germanic language. In business organizations Danish peaple
also use English language.
6 million people speak Danish in Denmark and in North Germany.
There are also minor Danish-speaking communities like.
Norway, Sweden, the United States, Canada, Brazil and Argentina.
Due to immigration around 15–20% of the population of Greenland speak Danish
as their home language.
The Danish language developed during the Middle Ages.
The history of Danish can by convention be divided into:
Old Danish, 9th to 11th centuries
Middle Danish, 12th to 15th centuries
Modern Danish, 16th century to present.
Transport in Denmark is developed and modern.
The motorway network now covers 1,111 km of operational tracks.
The railway network totals 2,667 km of operational track.
Copenhagen Airport is the largest airport in Scandinavia, handling
approximately 23m passengers per year (2011)
Being an island state with a long coastline and always close to the sea,
Denmark's ports handle some 48 million passengers and 109 million tones of
cargo per year.
Denmark is a member of the International Union of Railways (UIC).
Copenhagen is a city combining both excellent public transport and one of the
most extensive cycling systems in the world.
The city’s system was named the world's best metro in 2008 and 2010.
Denmark has a universal health care system being publicly financed through
taxes and, run directly by the regional authorities.
The life expectancy in Denmark is 78.6 years.
There is 1 doctor for every 294 persons in Denmark.
Denmark spends 11.2% of its GDP on health care.
The central government plays a relatively limited role in health care in Denmark.
In Denmark suicide rate is 11.3%.
The quality of Denmark’s health system is extremely high.
Education in Denmark is compulsory
Government-funded education is usually free of charge and open to all.
Denmark has a tradition of private schools and about 15.6% of all children at
basic school level attend private schools.
Literacy rate is 99% in Denmark.
According to literacy rate Denmark ranked 42th position in the world.
University of Copenhagen is the most famous university in Denmark.
Denmark is the 5th best country in the world at providing higher education.
from the age
at the age of
six or seven
•9 years of
courses are of
3 - 4 years’
three types of
Substantial demographic changes have affected the setting for family life and
relations between family members.
Postponement of marriage and births, and decreasing birth rates have reduce
the development in family relations since the 1960’s.
Growing numbers of divorces.
This is due to a number of factors:
The establishment of the welfare state
Increased the demand for more and better skilled labor
Allowing women to enter the labor market as well as the educational system.
Greetings are casual
With a firm handshake
Direct eye contact
Say good-bye individually when arriving or departing.
Shake hand with women first.
Danes tend to introduce themselves with their first name.
Date Holiday Name Holiday Type
January 1 New Year's Day National Holiday
February 15 Carnival Observance
March 20 March Equinox Season
April 5 Easter day National Holiday
May 1 Labor day/ May day Observance
May 14 Ascension Day National Holiday
June 5 Constitution Day Observance
October 25 Daylight saving time
Clock change/ daylight
December 25 Christmas Day National Holiday
December 31 New Year's Eve Observance
NON- VERBAL BEHAVIOR
Physical contact is rare and best avoided.
The American OK sign, with thumb and index ﬁnger forming a circle, can be
read as an obscene gesture in Denmark.
The thumbs-up gesture is positive as it signals approval.
Eye contact should be frequent, almost to the point of staring, as this conveys
sincerity and helps build trust.
Danes are not fond of bargaining and strongly dislike haggling.
Denmark is one of the most progressive countries in the world when it comes
to equality between men and women. Most women are working, and many hold
business leadership positions.
Danish people are the most happiest people on the earth.
Danes believe there is one proper way in which to act in any given
If someone is not following the rules, be they written or merely understood,
someone will generally speak up and admonish them to obey the accepted
The expect courteous behavior from everyone.
Talk in moderate tone and do not do anything to call attention to yourself.