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An Overview of Neo-classical age

This presentation is a part of my academic presentation of The Noe-classical Literature Department of M.A. English M.k.Bhavnagar university and it is submitted to Pro. Dr. Dilip Barad.

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An Overview of Neo-classical age

  1. 1. An overview of Neo-classical age  Name: Raval Mital M.  Roll no: 26  Year: 2016 2018  M.A.Sem: 1  Enrolment no: 2069108429170026  Paper no: (2) The Neo-classical Literature  Presentation topic: An overview of Neo-classical age  Submited to: Parth Bhatt Smt.S.B. Gardi Department of English M.K.Bhavnagar University
  2. 2. Introduction  The age is known as classical age or age of reason.  Neoclassical literature is characterized by order, accuracy and structure.  It is a period of Enlightenment.  Literature of the age is concerned with human nature, supremacy of reason.  Unity in the works of all writers.  The age wished to understand not to imagine.
  3. 3. Definition of Neo-classical age  The 18th century in English literature has been called the neo-classical age, Augustan age and the age of reason.  The term “the Augustan age” comes from the self conscious imitation of the original Augustan writers, Virgil and Horace by many of the writers of the period.  Specifically, the Neo-classical age was the period after the pest oration era of the death of Alexander Pope.  The major writer of the age were Pope and Johnson, Dryden in poetry and Jonathan swift and Joseph Addition in prose.  Neo-classical period ended in 1798 when Wordsworth published the Romantic ‘Lyrical Ballads”.
  4. 4. Characteristics of Neoclassical Literature  Neo-classical literature is characterized by order, accuracy, and structure.  In direct opposition to Renaissance attitudes, where man was see as basically good, the Neo-classical writers portrayed man as inherently flawed.  They emphasized restraint, self control and common sense.  This was a time when conservatism flourished in both politics and literature.
  5. 5. Some popular types of literature in Neo-classical age Parody Essays Letters Fables Satire Melodrama
  6. 6. Three stages  Neo-classical period of literature can divided into three part. The Restoration period The Augustan period The age of Johnson
  7. 7.  The Restoration of king Charles II to the English throne in 1660 after a long period of puritan domination in England brought a new change in English literature. Previously closed theaters were opened again. New group of writers began to write plays.  Restoration literature continued to appeal to heroic ideals of love and honor, particularly on stage, in heroic tragedy. The Restoration period (1660-1700)
  8. 8. Famous writer  John Dryden  John Milton  Sir William Temple  John Locke  Samuel Pepys  Jean Racine  Jean Baptiste
  9. 9. The Augustan period (1700-1750)  It is called Augustan because people was think like Augusts Caesar.  This period is marked by the imitation of Virgil and Horace’s literature in English letters.
  10. 10. Famous writer  Alexander pope  Jonathan swift  Joseph Addison  Francis Marie
  11. 11. The Age of Johnson (1750-90)  This period marks the transition toward the upcoming Romanticism through the period is still largely Neo-classical.  Much was happening around the world politically, such as both the American and French Revolutions.  This time marked a transition in English literature from the structure and formality of the Neo-classical writers to the emotional, ungoverned writings of the Romantics.
  12. 12. Famous writer  Samuel Johnson  Edward Gibbon  George Crabbe  Robert Burns  William Cowper  Thomas Paine  Thomas Jefferson  Benjamin Franklin
  13. 13. Conclusion  The neo-classical era in literature br0ught a sense of decorum and stability to writes  There were rules to be carefully followed and there was structure to be uphold.