It is the inflammation of the breast which
often happens because of blocked milk
ducts and / or nipple damage.
4. TYPES OF MASTITIS
a. Clinical mastitis
b. Sub-clinical mastitis
c. Lactational mastitis
d. Non-lactational mastitis
5. Recognizing mastitis
• Tenderness, reddened areas and
uncomfortable or painful breast lumps.
• Women generally feel unwell, hot and
cold, achy and shivery.
• Discharge from the nipple
• Nausea and vomiting
• Breast is warm to the touch.
9. Common causes
Baby not attaching well to the breast
Blocked milk ducts
Long gaps btwn feeds-leading to very
Stopping breast feeding suddenly
Tight or underwire bras causing pressure
Baby with a tongue-tie having problems
Continue breastfeeding or expressing milk
from both breasts.
Frequent feeding to prevent milk duct
A heat pack or warm cloth placed on the
affected area may help milk flow before
feeding or expressing.
A cold pack placed on the breast after
feeding or expressing to reduce
inflammation and relief pain.
11. Paracetamol or ibuprofen can help with
Drink plenty of water and rest when you
Antibiotics – cloxacillin, dicloxacillin or
o Breast feed frequently
o Don’t miss or delay feeds
o Offer both breast for each feed, if 2nd not
given, offer it first in the next feed.
o Express milk if the baby doesn’t want to
o Wake baby to feed if the breast becomes
13. o If using breast pump, check breast shield
size to ensure the pump is not causing any
o Get advice on proper feeding and
o Avoid giving the baby other fluids unless
advised by your nurse, midwife or doctor.
o Wear comfortable non-restrictive clothing
and avoid pressure on your breasts from
hands and fingers.
14. Additional breast swellings
CYSTS: these are sacs filled with fluid.
They may enlarge and feel tender right
before your period.
FIBROADENOMAS: These are the most
common breast lumps in younger women
and are usually small.
19. Breast Abscess
It is a bacterial infection
Mostly caused by Staphylococcus aureus and
At times caused by anaerobic bacteria.
Common signs and symptoms
Tender swelling of the breast
Pain in the affected area
Feeling generally unwell