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Gastcollege Digitale Democratie in de Praktijk 9 12-16

Trust civilians vs Distrust ‘power'  Enthusiastic about tech, but alert on risks  Use tech to empower; not to repress  Free sharing of information, art and culture  Evidence-based policy with long-term vision  Stimulate self-determination, but keep rights Basic principles Pirate Party Matthijs Pontier, Fabcity campus Amsterdam, 26-5-2016 Crowdsourcing a constitution for the EU
2. Unequal power distribution
3. Self-censorship • People do not dare to speak out against the ‘higher ups’ • ‘Crazy ideas’ are necessary for progress "If there is no right to privacy, there can be no true freedom of expression and opinion, and therefore, there can be no effective democracy."
4. • Inequal power distribution is a major problem • Too much top-down • People are losing faith in democracy • Less voting, especially young people • Media and big money have big influence on ‘democratic’ process Problem: Democratic deficit
5. • The right to privacy ends where you start representing others • Open agenda’s • Open money streams • Open decision-making Solutions: Transparency
6. • Open online classes • Open datasets (anonimized) • Open access publishing • Open source software • Open money streams Transparency to society
7. Leaderless decision making
8. Leaderless decision making
9. • Easy to participate • Increase democratic participation • Help people to have real influence • Allow large groups to organize with ideas • Voting on ideas instead of on parties or persons • Power of Ideas replace the idea of power Why e-democracy
10. Amsterdam West
11. • Startnotitie: • “Het vertrouwen in politieke instituties en partijen kalft af • Bij GR2014 verkiezingen Amsterdam was de opkomst maar 50,1% • Kwaliteit en legitimiteit beleid worden continu bevraagd” Problemen in huidige democratie
12. Wat: Door wie: Wat is het? Agendering –Gemeenteraad –College van B & W –(Fracties in het) algemeen bestuur –Dagelijks bestuur Het agenderen van onderwerpen voor bestuurscommissievergaderingen. Oordeelsvorming -Bestuurscommissie Het vormen van een oordeel over deze onderwerpen. Besluitvorming –Bestuurscommissie Stemmen over beleid met betrekking tot deze onderwerpen. Implementatie –DB, gecontroleerd door AB Uitvoering van beleid
13. • “West wil een voortrekkersrol spelen in het vergroten van de invloed van bewoners op beleid en zoekt naar nieuwe vormen van participatie en democratie, zo willen we: • Interactieve democratie invoeren om burgers uit te dagen met nieuwe voorstellen te komen • Buurtbegrotingen waarin bewoners het laatste woord hebben.” Amsterdam West wil hier o.a. aan doen:
14. • Over 600.000 users since 2008 • Scales well, easy to translate and adapt • Used in Iceland, Estonia, Australia, USA, UK, and elsewhere Your Priorities
15. citizens.is Better Alamance
16. • Citizens add ideas and points for and against • Best ideas are chosen by the participants • All ideas and best points for and against them are visible at a glance •

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Gastcollege Digitale Democratie in de Praktijk 9 12-16

  1. 1. Crowdsourcing for Democracy Dr. Matthijs Pontier Kandidaat #3 Piratenpartij TK2017
  2. 2.  Trust civilians vs Distrust ‘power'  Enthusiastic about tech, but alert on risks  Use tech to empower; not to repress  Free sharing of information, art and culture  Evidence-based policy with long-term vision  Stimulate self-determination, but keep rights Basic principles Pirate Party Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  3. 3. Unequal power distribution
  4. 4. Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  5. 5. Self-censorship • People do not dare to speak out against the ‘higher ups’ • ‘Crazy ideas’ are necessary for progress "If there is no right to privacy, there can be no true freedom of expression and opinion, and therefore, there can be no effective democracy." Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  6. 6. • Inequal power distribution is a major problem • Too much top-down • People are losing faith in democracy • Less voting, especially young people • Media and big money have big influence on ‘democratic’ process Problem: Democratic deficit Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  7. 7. • The right to privacy ends where you start representing others • Open agenda’s • Open money streams • Open decision-making Solutions: Transparency Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  8. 8. • Open online classes • Open datasets (anonimized) • Open access publishing • Open source software • Open money streams Transparency to society
  9. 9. Leaderless decision making
  10. 10. Leaderless decision making
  11. 11. • Easy to participate • Increase democratic participation • Help people to have real influence • Allow large groups to organize with ideas • Voting on ideas instead of on parties or persons • Power of Ideas replace the idea of power Why e-democracy
  12. 12. Amsterdam West Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  13. 13. • Startnotitie: • “Het vertrouwen in politieke instituties en partijen kalft af • Bij GR2014 verkiezingen Amsterdam was de opkomst maar 50,1% • Kwaliteit en legitimiteit beleid worden continu bevraagd” • Referenda zijn beter dan niets, maar slechts een noodrem. Wij willen ook kunnen sturen! Problemen in huidige democratie Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  14. 14. Wat: Door wie: Wat is het? Agendering –Gemeenteraad –College van B & W –(Fracties in het) algemeen bestuur –Dagelijks bestuur Het agenderen van onderwerpen voor bestuurscommissievergaderingen. Oordeelsvorming -Bestuurscommissie Het vormen van een oordeel over deze onderwerpen. Besluitvorming –Bestuurscommissie Stemmen over beleid met betrekking tot deze onderwerpen. Implementatie –DB, gecontroleerd door AB Uitvoering van beleid Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  15. 15. • “West wil een voortrekkersrol spelen in het vergroten van de invloed van bewoners op beleid en zoekt naar nieuwe vormen van participatie en democratie, zo willen we: • Interactieve democratie invoeren om burgers uit te dagen met nieuwe voorstellen te komen • Buurtbegrotingen waarin bewoners het laatste woord hebben.” Amsterdam West wil hier o.a. aan doen: Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  16. 16. • Over 600.000 users since 2008 • Scales well, easy to translate and adapt • Used in Iceland, Estonia, Australia, USA, UK, and elsewhere Your Priorities Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  17. 17. citizens.is Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  18. 18. • Citizens add ideas and points for and against • Best ideas are chosen by the participants • All ideas and best points for and against them are visible at a glance • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t0lFd1poJfs How does it work? Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  19. 19. • Points for and against in different columns -> makes it hard to argue • This encourages rational debate and helps facilitate consensus Don’t argue, debate! Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  20. 20. • Prioritization of ideas and points makes junk disappear down lists • Users notify admins about offending content • Users get 3 warnings and are banned on the 4th • They never yet had to ban a user Abuse protection Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  21. 21. Your Priorities 3D ● 3D universe of ideas that cluster together in content and context Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  22. 22. • Jon Gnarr: Comedian who critized corruption and became mayor of Reykjavik
  23. 23. •Formal collaboration with the city of Reykjavík connect citizens to their representatives •Over 70.000 of 120.000 people participated •15 top ideas processed every month •476 ideas have been approved Better Reykjavik Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  24. 24. Better Reykjavik
  25. 25. • Online participatory budgeting to improve the city of Reykjavik • Each voter has the same budget amount as the total and chooses which projects she wants to vote for • Participants learn the realities of budgeting Participatory budgeting Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  26. 26. Participatory budgeting Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  27. 27. Participatory budgeting Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  28. 28. Participatory budgeting 3D
  29. 29. • Niet slechts eens in de zoveel tijd stemmen • Representatie is altijd vrijwillig per moment en per onderwerp • Altijd mogelijkheid aan te passen wie jou vertegenwoordigt op welk onderwerp • Maakt representatie persoonlijk, brengt vertrouwen terug in de politiek Representatie in een e-democracy Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  30. 30. Representation in an e-democracy
  31. 31.  Result: Experts decide about their expertise  http://youtu.be/aIce4CvVo7I?t=2m0s Representation in an e-democracy Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  32. 32. Liquid Democracy
  33. 33. • All that we do online is collected as data • This is used by big corporations to predict our behaviour and control what we see online to sell us products • We can use similar methods to empower people democratically • AI learns about your interests and needs • Shows you what you want and need to see • Risk: Filter bubble -> Find balance Recommender systems Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  34. 34. • Machine translation of Your Priorities websites, allowing people who speak different languages to communicate • Enables minorities to participate AI Translation Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  35. 35. • After political scandals in Estonia in 2012, grassroots organisations lead a law reform project • Ideas were gathered through Your Priorities that was installed and modified by Estonians • Over 50.000 people took part and submitted over 2000 proposals • Ideas have become Estonian law Rahvakogu – Estionan Reforms Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  36. 36. Placeholder citizens.is
  37. 37. UK National Health Service
  38. 38. Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  39. 39. Crowdsourcen verkiezingsprogramma TK2017 • Iedereen kon input leveren via Loomio • Consensus over onderwerp vinden in discussie • Voorstel doen en hierover stemmen • Controversiele voorstellen moeten via amendement op congres Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  40. 40. Combine online & offline •Improve traditional democratic processes •Brainstorm online -> assembly offline -> vote on/offline •Enhance offline assemblies with direct online feedback from active audience Matthijs Pontier, Fabcity campus Amsterdam, 26-5-2016 Crowdsourcing a constitution for the EU
  41. 41. Matthijs Pontier, Fabcity campus Amsterdam, 26-5-2016 Crowdsourcing a constitution for the EU
  42. 42. Constitution Iceland • 1000 randomly selected civilians held assembly; gave a 700-page advise about principles and values in Constitution • 25 elected civilians (out of 522) held assemblies and wrote the Constitution • Before assemblies, elected civilians asked for feedback, leading to ~4000 comments • 2/3 civilians supported Constitution in referendum • Constitution killed by conservative politicians • Pirate party protested this, and got popular.. Matthijs Pontier, Fabcity campus Amsterdam, 26-5-2016 Crowdsourcing a constitution for the EU
  43. 43. Matthijs Pontier, Fabcity campus Amsterdam, 26-5-2016 Crowdsourcing a constitution for the EU
  44. 44. Crowdsourcing EU constitution  Constitution was voted down in referendum  Lisbon-treaty largely same; no referendum  Symbolic for democratic deficit in EU  EU should be by the people, for the people  https://www.peoplesconstitution.eu  Twitter: @CrowdsourceEU Facebook: Crowdsource Europe Matthijs Pontier, Fabcity campus Amsterdam, 26-5-2016 Crowdsourcing a constitution for the EU
  45. 45. Accept values / ideas / articles / amendments, when: • Popular enough • Not too controversial Matthijs Pontier, Fabcity campus Amsterdam, 26-5-2016 Crowdsourcing a constitution for the EU
  46. 46. Matthijs Pontier, Fabcity campus Amsterdam, 26-5-2016 Crowdsourcing a constitution for the EU
  47. 47. • Hoe denken jullie over interactieve democratie? • Wat zien jullie als belangrijkste voor- en nadelen? • Hoe zouden jullie e-democracy en G1000-model willen inzetten? • Anoniem of juist niet? • @Matthijs85 • Matthijs Pontier • matthijs@piratenpartij.nl Discussie Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy
  48. 48. Web Piratenpartij.nl Twitter @Piratenpartij @Matthijs85
  49. 49. Meer lezen: • De toekomst vand de democratie volgens Matthijs Pontier van de Piratenpartij • Democratische vernieuwing, het kan dus wel • Referenda zijn eigenlijk ouderwets • Ik wil niet alleen een noodrem; Ik wil kunnen sturen! • How Iceland introduced e-demoracy • http://www.citizens.is/ • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aIce4CvVo7I Matthijs Pontier, VU Amsterdam, 8-12-2016 Crowdsourcing for Democracy

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  • Matthijs85

    Aug. 22, 2017

Trust civilians vs Distrust ‘power'  Enthusiastic about tech, but alert on risks  Use tech to empower; not to repress  Free sharing of information, art and culture  Evidence-based policy with long-term vision  Stimulate self-determination, but keep rights Basic principles Pirate Party Matthijs Pontier, Fabcity campus Amsterdam, 26-5-2016 Crowdsourcing a constitution for the EU 2. Unequal power distribution 3. Self-censorship • People do not dare to speak out against the ‘higher ups’ • ‘Crazy ideas’ are necessary for progress "If there is no right to privacy, there can be no true freedom of expression and opinion, and therefore, there can be no effective democracy." 4. • Inequal power distribution is a major problem • Too much top-down • People are losing faith in democracy • Less voting, especially young people • Media and big money have big influence on ‘democratic’ process Problem: Democratic deficit 5. • The right to privacy ends where you start representing others • Open agenda’s • Open money streams • Open decision-making Solutions: Transparency 6. • Open online classes • Open datasets (anonimized) • Open access publishing • Open source software • Open money streams Transparency to society 7. Leaderless decision making 8. Leaderless decision making 9. • Easy to participate • Increase democratic participation • Help people to have real influence • Allow large groups to organize with ideas • Voting on ideas instead of on parties or persons • Power of Ideas replace the idea of power Why e-democracy 10. Amsterdam West 11. • Startnotitie: • “Het vertrouwen in politieke instituties en partijen kalft af • Bij GR2014 verkiezingen Amsterdam was de opkomst maar 50,1% • Kwaliteit en legitimiteit beleid worden continu bevraagd” Problemen in huidige democratie 12. Wat: Door wie: Wat is het? Agendering –Gemeenteraad –College van B & W –(Fracties in het) algemeen bestuur –Dagelijks bestuur Het agenderen van onderwerpen voor bestuurscommissievergaderingen. Oordeelsvorming -Bestuurscommissie Het vormen van een oordeel over deze onderwerpen. Besluitvorming –Bestuurscommissie Stemmen over beleid met betrekking tot deze onderwerpen. Implementatie –DB, gecontroleerd door AB Uitvoering van beleid 13. • “West wil een voortrekkersrol spelen in het vergroten van de invloed van bewoners op beleid en zoekt naar nieuwe vormen van participatie en democratie, zo willen we: • Interactieve democratie invoeren om burgers uit te dagen met nieuwe voorstellen te komen • Buurtbegrotingen waarin bewoners het laatste woord hebben.” Amsterdam West wil hier o.a. aan doen: 14. • Over 600.000 users since 2008 • Scales well, easy to translate and adapt • Used in Iceland, Estonia, Australia, USA, UK, and elsewhere Your Priorities 15. citizens.is Better Alamance 16. • Citizens add ideas and points for and against • Best ideas are chosen by the participants • All ideas and best points for and against them are visible at a glance •

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