SlideShare uma empresa Scribd logo
1 de 11
1
GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
2. The Passive Voice
(a) Form:
The passive is formed with the appropriate tense of the verb ‘to be’
(am/is/are; being; was/were; being have/has been; had been; will be; will have been) and the
Past Participle of the main verb (done/cleaned/seen …)
(b) Uses:
We use the passive voice when we don’t want to say or don’t know who/what does the
action or it isn’t as important as what is done, or who / what does the action is obvious.
active Adam ate the apple.
passive The apple was eaten by Adam.
PET
by Matifmarin.
2
GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
1. The Passive Voice
Examples with the main forms (present, past and perfect):
(1)Active: Maids clean the hotel rooms. → verb tense = present simple
subject object = plural
(1.1)Passive: The hotel rooms are cleaned (by maids)
subject agent
→ ‘are cleaned’ is the passive form of the present simple.
(2)Active: Maids cleaned the hotel rooms. → verb tense = past simple
subject object = plural
(2.1)Passive: The hotel rooms were cleaned (by maids)
Subject agent
→ ‘were cleaned’ is the passive form of the past simple.
object
object
PET
by Matifmarin.
3
GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
1. The Passive Voice
(3)Active: Maids have cleaned the hotel rooms. → verb tense = present perfect
subject object = plural
object
(3.1)Passive: The hotel rooms have been cleaned (by maids)
Subject agent
→ ‘have been cleaned’ is the passive form of the present perfect.
(4)Active: Maids had cleaned the hotel rooms. → verb tense = past perfect (pretérito pluscuamperfecto)
subject object = plural (had = plural and singular)object
(4.1)Passive: The hotel rooms had been cleaned (by maids)
Subject agent
→ ‘had been cleaned’ is the passive form of the past perfect.
PET
by Matifmarin.
4
GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
1. The Passive Voice
□ Uses: We use the passive voice when we don’t know who/what does the action or it isn’t as
important as what is done, or who / what does the action is obvious:
□ There are four steps to make a passive sentence:
♦active sample sentence: Adam ate the apple. [past simple]
1 - The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence (It’s the person, animal
or thing that receives the action, in our example “the apple”))
2. Think about the time of the action and write the correct form of the verb to be (is, are, was, were …), it
can be (present, past, etc. in our example the tense in the active voice is the past simple “Adam ate”, so the verb to be
becomes “was” in the passive voice). Check the table on next pages.
3. Now, we have to write the past participle of the main verb, in our example “eat” past simple “ate” and
past participle “eaten”. So, we have: “The apple was eaten”
[patient subject] [past simple passive]
4. If you want to point out who / what does the action, write it at the end of the sentence followed by the
preposition by, it’s called the agent. And “et voilà” we have it: “The apple was eaten” by Adam
[patient subject] [past simple passive] [agent]
Adam’s apple
Have you ever asked
yourself why weren’t
girls given an Eve’s
apple?
PET
by Matifmarin.
5
Activity:
Who kisses who(m)? Express it using the passive voice:
GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
1. The Passive Voice
DOER
RECEIVER
DOER
RECEIVER
Peter
Mary
John
Sharon
PET
by Matifmarin.
6
GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
1. The Passive Voice
ACTIVE AND PASSIVE TENSES CHART
SIMPLE PRESENT and SIMPLE PAST
The active object becomes the passive subject.
am/is/are + past participle
was/were + past participle
Active: Present simple
This film fascinates me.
The film bores John.
The film surprises them.
Passive: Simple Present
I am fascinated by this film.
John is bored by the film.
They are surprised by the film.
Active: Simple Past
The film bored me.
The film fascinated Jack.
The film surprised them.
Passive: Simple Past
I was bored by the film.
John was fascinated by the film.
They were surprised by the film.
PRESENT and PAST CONTINUOUS (PROGRESSIVE)
Passive form:
am/is/are + being + past participle
was/were + being + past participle
Active: Present Continuous
I am helping Sharon.
June is helping Jane and Tony.
Passive: Present Continuous
Sharon is being helped by me.
Jane and Tony are being helped by June.
Active: Past Continuous
I was cleaning the bathroom.
They were cleaning the bedroom.
Susan was cleaning the kitchen and balcony.
Passive: Past Continuous
The bathroom was being cleaned by me.
The bedroom was being cleaned by them.
The kitchen and the balcony were being cleaned by Susan.
PET
by Matifmarin.
7
GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
1. The Passive Voice
PRESENT PERFECT, PAST PERFECT and FUTURE PERFECT
Passive form:
have/has been + past participle
had been + past participle
Active: Present Perfect
I have sent the present.
John has sent the letters.
Passive: Present Perfect
The present has been sent by me.
The letters have been sent by John.
Active: Past Perfect
Steven Spielberg had directed the film.
Robert Reford had directed those films.
Passive: Past Perfect
The film had been directed by Steven Spielberg.
The films had been directed by Robert Reford.
Active: Future Perfect
John will have finished the project next month.
They will have finished the projects before then.
Passive: Future Perfect
The project will have been finished by next month.
The projects will have been finished before then.
FUTURE TENSES
Passive forms: will + be + past participle
is/are going to be + past participle
Active: Future with WILL
I will send the present.
John will send the letters.
Passive: Future with WILL
The present will be sent by me.
The letters will be sent by John.
Active: Future with GOING TO
I am going to make the cake.
June is going to make two cakes.
Passive: Future with GOING TO
The cake is going to be made by me.
Two cakes are going to be made by June.
PET
by Matifmarin.
8
1. The Passive Voice
PRESENT / FUTURE MODALS
The passive form follows this pattern:
modal + be + past participle
Active: WILL / WON'T (WILL NOT)
Sharon will invite Tom to the party.
Sharon won't invite Jeff to the party.
(Sharon will not invite Jeff to the party.)
Passive: WILL / WON'T (WILL NOT)
Tom will be invited to the party by Sharon.
Jeff won't be invited to the party by Sharon.
(Jeff will not be invited to the party by Sharon.)
Active: CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT)
Mai can foretell the future.
Terry can't foretell the future.
(Terry can not foretell the future.)
Passive: CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT)
The future can be foretold by Mai.
The future can't be foretold by Terry.
(The future can not be foretold by Terry.)
Active: MAY / MAY NOT
Her company may give Katya a new office.
The lazy students may not do the homework.
MIGHT / MIGHT NOT
Her company might give Katya a new office.
The lazy students might not do the homework.
Passive: MAY / MAY NOT
Katya may be given a new office by her company.
The homework may not be done by the lazy students.
MIGHT / MIGHT NOT
Katya might be given a new office by her company.
The homework might not be done by the lazy students.
Active: SHOULD / SHOULDN'T
Students should memorize English verbs.
Children shouldn't smoke cigarettes.
Passive: SHOULD / SHOULDN'T
English verbs should be memorized by students.
Cigarettes shouldn't be smoked by children.
Active: OUGHT TO
Students ought to learn English verbs.
(negative ought to is rarely used)
Passive: OUGHT TO
English verbs ought to be memorized by students.
Active: HAD BETTER / HAD BETTER NOT
Students had better practice English every day.
Children had better not drink whiskey.
Passive: HAD BETTER / HAD BETTER NOT
English had better be practiced every day by students.
Whiskey had better not be drunk by children.
Active: MUST / MUST NOT
Tourists must apply for a passport to travel abroad.
Customers must not use that door.
Passive: MUST / MUST NOT
A passport to travel abroad must be applied for.
That door must not be used by customers.
Active: HAS TO / HAVE TO
She has to practice English every day.
Sara and Miho have to wash the dishes every day.
DOESN'T HAVE TO/ DON'T HAVE TO
Maria doesn't have to clean her bedroom every day.
The children don't have to clean their bedrooms every day.
Passive: HAS TO / HAVE TO
English has to be practiced every day.
The dishes have to be washed by them every day.
DOESN'T HAVE TO/ DON'T HAVE TO
Her bedroom doesn't have to be cleaned every day.
Their bedrooms don't have to be cleaned every day.
Active: BE SUPPOSED TO
I am supposed to type the composition.
I am not supposed to copy the stories in the book.
Janet is supposed to clean the living room.
She isn't supposed to eat candy and gum.
They are supposed to make dinner for the family.
They aren't supposed to make dessert.
Passive: BE SUPPOSED TO
The composition is supposed to be typed by me.
The stories in the book are not supposed to be copied.
The living room is supposed to be cleaned by Janet.
Candy and gum aren't supposed to be eaten by her.
Dinner for the family is supposed to be made by them.
Dessert isn't supposed to be made by them.
PET
by Matifmarin.
9
1. The Passive Voice
PAST MODALS
The past passive form follows this pattern:
modal + have been + past participle
Active: SHOULD HAVE / SHOULDN'T HAVE
The students should have learned the verbs.
The children shouldn't have broken the window.
Passive: SHOULD HAVE / SHOULDN'T HAVE
The verbs should have been learned by the students.
The window shouldn't have been broken by the children.
Active: OUGHT TO
Students ought to have learned the verbs.
(negative ought to is rarely used)
Passive: OUGHT TO
The verbs ought to have been learned by the students.
Active: BE SUPPOSED TO (past time)
I was supposed to type the composition.
I wasn't supposed to copy the story in the book.
Janet was supposed to clean the living room.
She wasn't supposed to eat candy and gum.
Frank and Jane were supposed to make dinner.
They weren't supposed to make dessert.
Passive: BE SUPPOSED TO (past time)
The composition was supposed to be typed by me.
The story in the book wasn't supposed to be copied.
The living room was supposed to be cleaned by Janet.
Candy and gum weren't supposed to be eaten by her.
Dinner was supposed to be made by them.
Dessert wasn't supposed to be made by them.
Active: MAY / MAY NOT
That firm may have offered Katya a new job.
The students may not have written the paper.
MIGHT / MIGHT NOT
That firm might have offered Katya a new job.
The students might not have written the paper.
Passive: MAY / MAY NOT
Katya may have been offered a new job by that firm.
The paper may not have been written by the students.
MIGHT / MIGHT NOT
Katya might have been offered a new job by that firm.
The paper might not have been written by the students.
PET
by Matifmarin.
10
GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
1. The Passive Voice
REMEMBER:
The verb “be” is changed according to the tense of the sentence and the
number (singular/plural) of the subject of the passive sentence.
Now, say the sentences about these images using the passive voice:
Antoni Gaudi
Gustave Eiffel
Miguel de Cervantes William Shakespeare
PET
by Matifmarin.
11
PET
by Matifmarin.
SUMMARY OF CONTENTS PETSUMMARY OF CONTENTS PET
UNIT 24 Passive Voice
Don’t forget to do the activities in you course books
Both Student Book & Workbook!!
 EndEnd

Mais conteúdo relacionado

Mais procurados

Mais procurados (20)

Reported speech
Reported speech   Reported speech
Reported speech
 
Present perfect 2
Present perfect 2Present perfect 2
Present perfect 2
 
เรื่องที่ 3 Passive Voice
เรื่องที่ 3 Passive Voiceเรื่องที่ 3 Passive Voice
เรื่องที่ 3 Passive Voice
 
Reported speech statements
Reported speech statementsReported speech statements
Reported speech statements
 
Reported speech
Reported speechReported speech
Reported speech
 
Reported speech
Reported speechReported speech
Reported speech
 
Reported speech, statements, questions, requests
Reported speech, statements, questions, requestsReported speech, statements, questions, requests
Reported speech, statements, questions, requests
 
Reported speech
Reported speech Reported speech
Reported speech
 
Updated b.tech ii unit i tenses
Updated b.tech ii unit i tensesUpdated b.tech ii unit i tenses
Updated b.tech ii unit i tenses
 
B.sc ii unit i tenses
B.sc ii unit i tensesB.sc ii unit i tenses
B.sc ii unit i tenses
 
Reportedspeech
ReportedspeechReportedspeech
Reportedspeech
 
REPORTED SPEECH
REPORTED SPEECHREPORTED SPEECH
REPORTED SPEECH
 
Reported speech Bachillerato
Reported speech BachilleratoReported speech Bachillerato
Reported speech Bachillerato
 
Diploma Sem II Unit I Tenses
Diploma Sem II Unit I TensesDiploma Sem II Unit I Tenses
Diploma Sem II Unit I Tenses
 
Reported Speech
Reported SpeechReported Speech
Reported Speech
 
Reported speech statements questions and commands
Reported speech statements questions and commandsReported speech statements questions and commands
Reported speech statements questions and commands
 
Reported speech 4º
Reported speech 4ºReported speech 4º
Reported speech 4º
 
Reported speech
Reported speechReported speech
Reported speech
 
Reported Speech Adapted From Carmen Torres
Reported Speech Adapted From Carmen TorresReported Speech Adapted From Carmen Torres
Reported Speech Adapted From Carmen Torres
 
Grammar: verb tenses
Grammar: verb tensesGrammar: verb tenses
Grammar: verb tenses
 

Semelhante a PET Unit 24 the Passive

Active & Passive Voice - PPT.pptx
Active & Passive Voice - PPT.pptxActive & Passive Voice - PPT.pptx
Active & Passive Voice - PPT.pptxmani107665
 
powetPowert point pasive voice by ariadna chacón
powetPowert point pasive voice by ariadna chacón powetPowert point pasive voice by ariadna chacón
powetPowert point pasive voice by ariadna chacón ariadnana
 
passivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86.pptx
passivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86.pptxpassivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86.pptx
passivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86.pptxzozaldossary502
 
passivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86 (1).pdf
passivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86 (1).pdfpassivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86 (1).pdf
passivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86 (1).pdfzozaldossary502
 
Active And Passive Voice
Active And Passive VoiceActive And Passive Voice
Active And Passive Voicelastnotes
 
Julia Clark - Past Tenses
Julia Clark - Past TensesJulia Clark - Past Tenses
Julia Clark - Past TensesFrank Couto
 
Present perfect, use and typical particles
Present perfect, use and typical particlesPresent perfect, use and typical particles
Present perfect, use and typical particlesmarimasim
 
The Passive Voice
The Passive VoiceThe Passive Voice
The Passive Voicesusana4477
 
How to make the passive maria eugenia
How to make the passive maria eugeniaHow to make the passive maria eugenia
How to make the passive maria eugeniamariagarciapelayo
 
Have: main verb or auxiliary verb
Have: main verb or auxiliary verbHave: main verb or auxiliary verb
Have: main verb or auxiliary verbMíriam
 
Active and passive voice
Active and passive voiceActive and passive voice
Active and passive voiceMario Marin
 

Semelhante a PET Unit 24 the Passive (20)

Active & Passive Voice - PPT.pptx
Active & Passive Voice - PPT.pptxActive & Passive Voice - PPT.pptx
Active & Passive Voice - PPT.pptx
 
powetPowert point pasive voice by ariadna chacón
powetPowert point pasive voice by ariadna chacón powetPowert point pasive voice by ariadna chacón
powetPowert point pasive voice by ariadna chacón
 
passivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86.pptx
passivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86.pptxpassivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86.pptx
passivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86.pptx
 
Passive voice ppt.pptx
Passive voice ppt.pptxPassive voice ppt.pptx
Passive voice ppt.pptx
 
passivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86 (1).pdf
passivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86 (1).pdfpassivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86 (1).pdf
passivevoiceppt-230416154909-aebf9f86 (1).pdf
 
Pet grammar review students
Pet grammar review studentsPet grammar review students
Pet grammar review students
 
University of the humanities
University of the humanitiesUniversity of the humanities
University of the humanities
 
Active And Passive Voice
Active And Passive VoiceActive And Passive Voice
Active And Passive Voice
 
Passive voice
Passive voicePassive voice
Passive voice
 
The passive
The passiveThe passive
The passive
 
Present tenses
Present tensesPresent tenses
Present tenses
 
Eddin barrios
Eddin barriosEddin barrios
Eddin barrios
 
Julia Clark - Past Tenses
Julia Clark - Past TensesJulia Clark - Past Tenses
Julia Clark - Past Tenses
 
Present perfect, use and typical particles
Present perfect, use and typical particlesPresent perfect, use and typical particles
Present perfect, use and typical particles
 
The Passive Voice
The Passive VoiceThe Passive Voice
The Passive Voice
 
How to make the passive maria eugenia
How to make the passive maria eugeniaHow to make the passive maria eugenia
How to make the passive maria eugenia
 
Have: main verb or auxiliary verb
Have: main verb or auxiliary verbHave: main verb or auxiliary verb
Have: main verb or auxiliary verb
 
Passive sentences
Passive sentencesPassive sentences
Passive sentences
 
Sem 4 material what i_have_done_in_life
 Sem 4 material what i_have_done_in_life Sem 4 material what i_have_done_in_life
Sem 4 material what i_have_done_in_life
 
Active and passive voice
Active and passive voiceActive and passive voice
Active and passive voice
 

Mais de Matfermar marin

PET Unit 29 So -neither - either - nor
PET  Unit 29  So  -neither - either - norPET  Unit 29  So  -neither - either - nor
PET Unit 29 So -neither - either - norMatfermar marin
 
PET Unit 26 + 28 the Conditionals
PET  Unit 26 + 28 the ConditionalsPET  Unit 26 + 28 the Conditionals
PET Unit 26 + 28 the ConditionalsMatfermar marin
 
PET Unit 25 Reported Questions
PET Unit 25 Reported QuestionsPET Unit 25 Reported Questions
PET Unit 25 Reported QuestionsMatfermar marin
 
PET Unit 23 Relative Sentences and Adjs and Prep
PET Unit 23 Relative Sentences and Adjs and PrepPET Unit 23 Relative Sentences and Adjs and Prep
PET Unit 23 Relative Sentences and Adjs and PrepMatfermar marin
 
PET Unit 21 the Causative to have / get something done
PET Unit 21 the Causative to have / get something donePET Unit 21 the Causative to have / get something done
PET Unit 21 the Causative to have / get something doneMatfermar marin
 
PET Unit 20 Summary of Contents PET
PET Unit 20 Summary of Contents PETPET Unit 20 Summary of Contents PET
PET Unit 20 Summary of Contents PETMatfermar marin
 
Überblick über die Prüfung ZD B1
Überblick über die Prüfung ZD B1Überblick über die Prüfung ZD B1
Überblick über die Prüfung ZD B1Matfermar marin
 
PET Grammar Unit 14: use to & would, too & enough, order of adjectives
PET Grammar Unit 14: use to &  would,    too & enough,  order of adjectivesPET Grammar Unit 14: use to &  would,    too & enough,  order of adjectives
PET Grammar Unit 14: use to & would, too & enough, order of adjectivesMatfermar marin
 
FCE Unit 15 Expressing Purpose
FCE Unit 15 Expressing PurposeFCE Unit 15 Expressing Purpose
FCE Unit 15 Expressing PurposeMatfermar marin
 
FCE Unit 14 Grammar Contents: Wishes & Hypothetical Situations
FCE  Unit 14 Grammar Contents: Wishes & Hypothetical SituationsFCE  Unit 14 Grammar Contents: Wishes & Hypothetical Situations
FCE Unit 14 Grammar Contents: Wishes & Hypothetical SituationsMatfermar marin
 
Unit 13 Grammar Contents: Modals expressing ability, verbs with prepositions ...
Unit 13 Grammar Contents: Modals expressing ability, verbs with prepositions ...Unit 13 Grammar Contents: Modals expressing ability, verbs with prepositions ...
Unit 13 Grammar Contents: Modals expressing ability, verbs with prepositions ...Matfermar marin
 
Grammar Contents Unit 12: Reported Speech & Contable-uncountable nouns
Grammar Contents Unit 12: Reported Speech & Contable-uncountable nounsGrammar Contents Unit 12: Reported Speech & Contable-uncountable nouns
Grammar Contents Unit 12: Reported Speech & Contable-uncountable nounsMatfermar marin
 
FCE Grammar Contents Unit 11: Conditionals and AGREEMENT – DISAGREEMENT
FCE Grammar Contents  Unit 11: Conditionals and AGREEMENT – DISAGREEMENT FCE Grammar Contents  Unit 11: Conditionals and AGREEMENT – DISAGREEMENT
FCE Grammar Contents Unit 11: Conditionals and AGREEMENT – DISAGREEMENT Matfermar marin
 
Unit 9 Grammar Contents: Modal for Speculation & Question Tags
Unit 9 Grammar Contents: Modal for Speculation & Question TagsUnit 9 Grammar Contents: Modal for Speculation & Question Tags
Unit 9 Grammar Contents: Modal for Speculation & Question TagsMatfermar marin
 
Using Connectors - Unit 8 Contents
Using Connectors - Unit 8 ContentsUsing Connectors - Unit 8 Contents
Using Connectors - Unit 8 ContentsMatfermar marin
 
Unit 7 Grammar Contents - Present perfect
Unit 7 Grammar Contents - Present perfectUnit 7 Grammar Contents - Present perfect
Unit 7 Grammar Contents - Present perfectMatfermar marin
 
Unit 5 Grammar Contents Modals Verbs of obligation and necessity
Unit 5 Grammar Contents Modals Verbs of obligation and necessityUnit 5 Grammar Contents Modals Verbs of obligation and necessity
Unit 5 Grammar Contents Modals Verbs of obligation and necessityMatfermar marin
 

Mais de Matfermar marin (20)

PET Unit 29 So -neither - either - nor
PET  Unit 29  So  -neither - either - norPET  Unit 29  So  -neither - either - nor
PET Unit 29 So -neither - either - nor
 
PET Unit 26 + 28 the Conditionals
PET  Unit 26 + 28 the ConditionalsPET  Unit 26 + 28 the Conditionals
PET Unit 26 + 28 the Conditionals
 
PET Unit 25 Reported Questions
PET Unit 25 Reported QuestionsPET Unit 25 Reported Questions
PET Unit 25 Reported Questions
 
PET Unit 23 Relative Sentences and Adjs and Prep
PET Unit 23 Relative Sentences and Adjs and PrepPET Unit 23 Relative Sentences and Adjs and Prep
PET Unit 23 Relative Sentences and Adjs and Prep
 
PET Unit 21 the Causative to have / get something done
PET Unit 21 the Causative to have / get something donePET Unit 21 the Causative to have / get something done
PET Unit 21 the Causative to have / get something done
 
PET Unit 20 Summary of Contents PET
PET Unit 20 Summary of Contents PETPET Unit 20 Summary of Contents PET
PET Unit 20 Summary of Contents PET
 
Überblick über die Prüfung ZD B1
Überblick über die Prüfung ZD B1Überblick über die Prüfung ZD B1
Überblick über die Prüfung ZD B1
 
Volkshochschule
VolkshochschuleVolkshochschule
Volkshochschule
 
PET Grammar Unit 14: use to & would, too & enough, order of adjectives
PET Grammar Unit 14: use to &  would,    too & enough,  order of adjectivesPET Grammar Unit 14: use to &  would,    too & enough,  order of adjectives
PET Grammar Unit 14: use to & would, too & enough, order of adjectives
 
FCE Unit 15 Expressing Purpose
FCE Unit 15 Expressing PurposeFCE Unit 15 Expressing Purpose
FCE Unit 15 Expressing Purpose
 
FCE Unit 14 Grammar Contents: Wishes & Hypothetical Situations
FCE  Unit 14 Grammar Contents: Wishes & Hypothetical SituationsFCE  Unit 14 Grammar Contents: Wishes & Hypothetical Situations
FCE Unit 14 Grammar Contents: Wishes & Hypothetical Situations
 
Unit 13 Grammar Contents: Modals expressing ability, verbs with prepositions ...
Unit 13 Grammar Contents: Modals expressing ability, verbs with prepositions ...Unit 13 Grammar Contents: Modals expressing ability, verbs with prepositions ...
Unit 13 Grammar Contents: Modals expressing ability, verbs with prepositions ...
 
Grammar Contents Unit 12: Reported Speech & Contable-uncountable nouns
Grammar Contents Unit 12: Reported Speech & Contable-uncountable nounsGrammar Contents Unit 12: Reported Speech & Contable-uncountable nouns
Grammar Contents Unit 12: Reported Speech & Contable-uncountable nouns
 
FCE Grammar Contents Unit 11: Conditionals and AGREEMENT – DISAGREEMENT
FCE Grammar Contents  Unit 11: Conditionals and AGREEMENT – DISAGREEMENT FCE Grammar Contents  Unit 11: Conditionals and AGREEMENT – DISAGREEMENT
FCE Grammar Contents Unit 11: Conditionals and AGREEMENT – DISAGREEMENT
 
Unit 9 Grammar Contents: Modal for Speculation & Question Tags
Unit 9 Grammar Contents: Modal for Speculation & Question TagsUnit 9 Grammar Contents: Modal for Speculation & Question Tags
Unit 9 Grammar Contents: Modal for Speculation & Question Tags
 
Using Connectors - Unit 8 Contents
Using Connectors - Unit 8 ContentsUsing Connectors - Unit 8 Contents
Using Connectors - Unit 8 Contents
 
Unit 7 Grammar Contents - Present perfect
Unit 7 Grammar Contents - Present perfectUnit 7 Grammar Contents - Present perfect
Unit 7 Grammar Contents - Present perfect
 
Unit 6 Grammar Contents
Unit 6 Grammar ContentsUnit 6 Grammar Contents
Unit 6 Grammar Contents
 
Unit 5 Grammar Contents Modals Verbs of obligation and necessity
Unit 5 Grammar Contents Modals Verbs of obligation and necessityUnit 5 Grammar Contents Modals Verbs of obligation and necessity
Unit 5 Grammar Contents Modals Verbs of obligation and necessity
 
Unit 4 Grammar Contents
Unit 4 Grammar ContentsUnit 4 Grammar Contents
Unit 4 Grammar Contents
 

Último

ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Projectjordimapav
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4MiaBumagat1
 
EMBODO Lesson Plan Grade 9 Law of Sines.docx
EMBODO Lesson Plan Grade 9 Law of Sines.docxEMBODO Lesson Plan Grade 9 Law of Sines.docx
EMBODO Lesson Plan Grade 9 Law of Sines.docxElton John Embodo
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Seán Kennedy
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptxiammrhaywood
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Mark Reed
 
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxMULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxAnupkumar Sharma
 
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTSGRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTSJoshuaGantuangco2
 
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfGrade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfJemuel Francisco
 
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docx
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docxTEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docx
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docxruthvilladarez
 
The Contemporary World: The Globalization of World Politics
The Contemporary World: The Globalization of World PoliticsThe Contemporary World: The Globalization of World Politics
The Contemporary World: The Globalization of World PoliticsRommel Regala
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSMae Pangan
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4JOYLYNSAMANIEGO
 
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-design
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-designKeynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-design
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-designMIPLM
 
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptx
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptxMillenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptx
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptxJanEmmanBrigoli
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfVanessa Camilleri
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxlancelewisportillo
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptxmary850239
 

Último (20)

ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
 
EMBODO Lesson Plan Grade 9 Law of Sines.docx
EMBODO Lesson Plan Grade 9 Law of Sines.docxEMBODO Lesson Plan Grade 9 Law of Sines.docx
EMBODO Lesson Plan Grade 9 Law of Sines.docx
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
 
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxMULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
 
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTSGRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
 
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfGrade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
 
YOUVE GOT EMAIL_FINALS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
YOUVE GOT EMAIL_FINALS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptxYOUVE GOT EMAIL_FINALS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
YOUVE GOT EMAIL_FINALS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
 
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docx
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docxTEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docx
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docx
 
The Contemporary World: The Globalization of World Politics
The Contemporary World: The Globalization of World PoliticsThe Contemporary World: The Globalization of World Politics
The Contemporary World: The Globalization of World Politics
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
 
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-design
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-designKeynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-design
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-design
 
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptx
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptxMillenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptx
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptx
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
 
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTAParadigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
 

PET Unit 24 the Passive

  • 1. 1 GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 2. The Passive Voice (a) Form: The passive is formed with the appropriate tense of the verb ‘to be’ (am/is/are; being; was/were; being have/has been; had been; will be; will have been) and the Past Participle of the main verb (done/cleaned/seen …) (b) Uses: We use the passive voice when we don’t want to say or don’t know who/what does the action or it isn’t as important as what is done, or who / what does the action is obvious. active Adam ate the apple. passive The apple was eaten by Adam. PET by Matifmarin.
  • 2. 2 GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 1. The Passive Voice Examples with the main forms (present, past and perfect): (1)Active: Maids clean the hotel rooms. → verb tense = present simple subject object = plural (1.1)Passive: The hotel rooms are cleaned (by maids) subject agent → ‘are cleaned’ is the passive form of the present simple. (2)Active: Maids cleaned the hotel rooms. → verb tense = past simple subject object = plural (2.1)Passive: The hotel rooms were cleaned (by maids) Subject agent → ‘were cleaned’ is the passive form of the past simple. object object PET by Matifmarin.
  • 3. 3 GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 1. The Passive Voice (3)Active: Maids have cleaned the hotel rooms. → verb tense = present perfect subject object = plural object (3.1)Passive: The hotel rooms have been cleaned (by maids) Subject agent → ‘have been cleaned’ is the passive form of the present perfect. (4)Active: Maids had cleaned the hotel rooms. → verb tense = past perfect (pretérito pluscuamperfecto) subject object = plural (had = plural and singular)object (4.1)Passive: The hotel rooms had been cleaned (by maids) Subject agent → ‘had been cleaned’ is the passive form of the past perfect. PET by Matifmarin.
  • 4. 4 GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 1. The Passive Voice □ Uses: We use the passive voice when we don’t know who/what does the action or it isn’t as important as what is done, or who / what does the action is obvious: □ There are four steps to make a passive sentence: ♦active sample sentence: Adam ate the apple. [past simple] 1 - The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence (It’s the person, animal or thing that receives the action, in our example “the apple”)) 2. Think about the time of the action and write the correct form of the verb to be (is, are, was, were …), it can be (present, past, etc. in our example the tense in the active voice is the past simple “Adam ate”, so the verb to be becomes “was” in the passive voice). Check the table on next pages. 3. Now, we have to write the past participle of the main verb, in our example “eat” past simple “ate” and past participle “eaten”. So, we have: “The apple was eaten” [patient subject] [past simple passive] 4. If you want to point out who / what does the action, write it at the end of the sentence followed by the preposition by, it’s called the agent. And “et voilà” we have it: “The apple was eaten” by Adam [patient subject] [past simple passive] [agent] Adam’s apple Have you ever asked yourself why weren’t girls given an Eve’s apple? PET by Matifmarin.
  • 5. 5 Activity: Who kisses who(m)? Express it using the passive voice: GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 1. The Passive Voice DOER RECEIVER DOER RECEIVER Peter Mary John Sharon PET by Matifmarin.
  • 6. 6 GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 1. The Passive Voice ACTIVE AND PASSIVE TENSES CHART SIMPLE PRESENT and SIMPLE PAST The active object becomes the passive subject. am/is/are + past participle was/were + past participle Active: Present simple This film fascinates me. The film bores John. The film surprises them. Passive: Simple Present I am fascinated by this film. John is bored by the film. They are surprised by the film. Active: Simple Past The film bored me. The film fascinated Jack. The film surprised them. Passive: Simple Past I was bored by the film. John was fascinated by the film. They were surprised by the film. PRESENT and PAST CONTINUOUS (PROGRESSIVE) Passive form: am/is/are + being + past participle was/were + being + past participle Active: Present Continuous I am helping Sharon. June is helping Jane and Tony. Passive: Present Continuous Sharon is being helped by me. Jane and Tony are being helped by June. Active: Past Continuous I was cleaning the bathroom. They were cleaning the bedroom. Susan was cleaning the kitchen and balcony. Passive: Past Continuous The bathroom was being cleaned by me. The bedroom was being cleaned by them. The kitchen and the balcony were being cleaned by Susan. PET by Matifmarin.
  • 7. 7 GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 1. The Passive Voice PRESENT PERFECT, PAST PERFECT and FUTURE PERFECT Passive form: have/has been + past participle had been + past participle Active: Present Perfect I have sent the present. John has sent the letters. Passive: Present Perfect The present has been sent by me. The letters have been sent by John. Active: Past Perfect Steven Spielberg had directed the film. Robert Reford had directed those films. Passive: Past Perfect The film had been directed by Steven Spielberg. The films had been directed by Robert Reford. Active: Future Perfect John will have finished the project next month. They will have finished the projects before then. Passive: Future Perfect The project will have been finished by next month. The projects will have been finished before then. FUTURE TENSES Passive forms: will + be + past participle is/are going to be + past participle Active: Future with WILL I will send the present. John will send the letters. Passive: Future with WILL The present will be sent by me. The letters will be sent by John. Active: Future with GOING TO I am going to make the cake. June is going to make two cakes. Passive: Future with GOING TO The cake is going to be made by me. Two cakes are going to be made by June. PET by Matifmarin.
  • 8. 8 1. The Passive Voice PRESENT / FUTURE MODALS The passive form follows this pattern: modal + be + past participle Active: WILL / WON'T (WILL NOT) Sharon will invite Tom to the party. Sharon won't invite Jeff to the party. (Sharon will not invite Jeff to the party.) Passive: WILL / WON'T (WILL NOT) Tom will be invited to the party by Sharon. Jeff won't be invited to the party by Sharon. (Jeff will not be invited to the party by Sharon.) Active: CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT) Mai can foretell the future. Terry can't foretell the future. (Terry can not foretell the future.) Passive: CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT) The future can be foretold by Mai. The future can't be foretold by Terry. (The future can not be foretold by Terry.) Active: MAY / MAY NOT Her company may give Katya a new office. The lazy students may not do the homework. MIGHT / MIGHT NOT Her company might give Katya a new office. The lazy students might not do the homework. Passive: MAY / MAY NOT Katya may be given a new office by her company. The homework may not be done by the lazy students. MIGHT / MIGHT NOT Katya might be given a new office by her company. The homework might not be done by the lazy students. Active: SHOULD / SHOULDN'T Students should memorize English verbs. Children shouldn't smoke cigarettes. Passive: SHOULD / SHOULDN'T English verbs should be memorized by students. Cigarettes shouldn't be smoked by children. Active: OUGHT TO Students ought to learn English verbs. (negative ought to is rarely used) Passive: OUGHT TO English verbs ought to be memorized by students. Active: HAD BETTER / HAD BETTER NOT Students had better practice English every day. Children had better not drink whiskey. Passive: HAD BETTER / HAD BETTER NOT English had better be practiced every day by students. Whiskey had better not be drunk by children. Active: MUST / MUST NOT Tourists must apply for a passport to travel abroad. Customers must not use that door. Passive: MUST / MUST NOT A passport to travel abroad must be applied for. That door must not be used by customers. Active: HAS TO / HAVE TO She has to practice English every day. Sara and Miho have to wash the dishes every day. DOESN'T HAVE TO/ DON'T HAVE TO Maria doesn't have to clean her bedroom every day. The children don't have to clean their bedrooms every day. Passive: HAS TO / HAVE TO English has to be practiced every day. The dishes have to be washed by them every day. DOESN'T HAVE TO/ DON'T HAVE TO Her bedroom doesn't have to be cleaned every day. Their bedrooms don't have to be cleaned every day. Active: BE SUPPOSED TO I am supposed to type the composition. I am not supposed to copy the stories in the book. Janet is supposed to clean the living room. She isn't supposed to eat candy and gum. They are supposed to make dinner for the family. They aren't supposed to make dessert. Passive: BE SUPPOSED TO The composition is supposed to be typed by me. The stories in the book are not supposed to be copied. The living room is supposed to be cleaned by Janet. Candy and gum aren't supposed to be eaten by her. Dinner for the family is supposed to be made by them. Dessert isn't supposed to be made by them. PET by Matifmarin.
  • 9. 9 1. The Passive Voice PAST MODALS The past passive form follows this pattern: modal + have been + past participle Active: SHOULD HAVE / SHOULDN'T HAVE The students should have learned the verbs. The children shouldn't have broken the window. Passive: SHOULD HAVE / SHOULDN'T HAVE The verbs should have been learned by the students. The window shouldn't have been broken by the children. Active: OUGHT TO Students ought to have learned the verbs. (negative ought to is rarely used) Passive: OUGHT TO The verbs ought to have been learned by the students. Active: BE SUPPOSED TO (past time) I was supposed to type the composition. I wasn't supposed to copy the story in the book. Janet was supposed to clean the living room. She wasn't supposed to eat candy and gum. Frank and Jane were supposed to make dinner. They weren't supposed to make dessert. Passive: BE SUPPOSED TO (past time) The composition was supposed to be typed by me. The story in the book wasn't supposed to be copied. The living room was supposed to be cleaned by Janet. Candy and gum weren't supposed to be eaten by her. Dinner was supposed to be made by them. Dessert wasn't supposed to be made by them. Active: MAY / MAY NOT That firm may have offered Katya a new job. The students may not have written the paper. MIGHT / MIGHT NOT That firm might have offered Katya a new job. The students might not have written the paper. Passive: MAY / MAY NOT Katya may have been offered a new job by that firm. The paper may not have been written by the students. MIGHT / MIGHT NOT Katya might have been offered a new job by that firm. The paper might not have been written by the students. PET by Matifmarin.
  • 10. 10 GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 1. The Passive Voice REMEMBER: The verb “be” is changed according to the tense of the sentence and the number (singular/plural) of the subject of the passive sentence. Now, say the sentences about these images using the passive voice: Antoni Gaudi Gustave Eiffel Miguel de Cervantes William Shakespeare PET by Matifmarin.
  • 11. 11 PET by Matifmarin. SUMMARY OF CONTENTS PETSUMMARY OF CONTENTS PET UNIT 24 Passive Voice Don’t forget to do the activities in you course books Both Student Book & Workbook!!  EndEnd