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GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
2. The Passive Voice
(a) Form:
The passive is formed with the appropriate tense of the verb ‘to be’
(a...
2
GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
1. The Passive Voice
Examples with the main forms (present, past and perfect):
(1)Active: Maids clean ...
3
GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
1. The Passive Voice
(3)Active: Maids have cleaned the hotel rooms. → verb tense = present perfect
sub...
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GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
1. The Passive Voice
□ Uses: We use the passive voice when we don’t know who/what does the action or i...
5
Activity:
Who kisses who(m)? Express it using the passive voice:
GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
1. The Passive Voice
DOER
RECEIVER
DO...
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GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
1. The Passive Voice
ACTIVE AND PASSIVE TENSES CHART
SIMPLE PRESENT and SIMPLE PAST
The active object ...
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GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
1. The Passive Voice
PRESENT PERFECT, PAST PERFECT and FUTURE PERFECT
Passive form:
have/has been + pa...
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1. The Passive Voice
PRESENT / FUTURE MODALS
The passive form follows this pattern:
modal + be + past participle
Active:...
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1. The Passive Voice
PAST MODALS
The past passive form follows this pattern:
modal + have been + past participle
Active:...
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GRAMMAR – UNIT 24
1. The Passive Voice
REMEMBER:
The verb “be” is changed according to the tense of the sentence and th...
11
PET
by Matifmarin.
SUMMARY OF CONTENTS PETSUMMARY OF CONTENTS PET
UNIT 24 Passive Voice
Don’t forget to do the activiti...
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PET Unit 24 the Passive Slide 1 PET Unit 24 the Passive Slide 2 PET Unit 24 the Passive Slide 3 PET Unit 24 the Passive Slide 4 PET Unit 24 the Passive Slide 5 PET Unit 24 the Passive Slide 6 PET Unit 24 the Passive Slide 7 PET Unit 24 the Passive Slide 8 PET Unit 24 the Passive Slide 9 PET Unit 24 the Passive Slide 10 PET Unit 24 the Passive Slide 11
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PET Unit 24 the Passive voice with examples and activities

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PET Unit 24 the Passive

  1. 1. 1 GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 2. The Passive Voice (a) Form: The passive is formed with the appropriate tense of the verb ‘to be’ (am/is/are; being; was/were; being have/has been; had been; will be; will have been) and the Past Participle of the main verb (done/cleaned/seen …) (b) Uses: We use the passive voice when we don’t want to say or don’t know who/what does the action or it isn’t as important as what is done, or who / what does the action is obvious. active Adam ate the apple. passive The apple was eaten by Adam. PET by Matifmarin.
  2. 2. 2 GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 1. The Passive Voice Examples with the main forms (present, past and perfect): (1)Active: Maids clean the hotel rooms. → verb tense = present simple subject object = plural (1.1)Passive: The hotel rooms are cleaned (by maids) subject agent → ‘are cleaned’ is the passive form of the present simple. (2)Active: Maids cleaned the hotel rooms. → verb tense = past simple subject object = plural (2.1)Passive: The hotel rooms were cleaned (by maids) Subject agent → ‘were cleaned’ is the passive form of the past simple. object object PET by Matifmarin.
  3. 3. 3 GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 1. The Passive Voice (3)Active: Maids have cleaned the hotel rooms. → verb tense = present perfect subject object = plural object (3.1)Passive: The hotel rooms have been cleaned (by maids) Subject agent → ‘have been cleaned’ is the passive form of the present perfect. (4)Active: Maids had cleaned the hotel rooms. → verb tense = past perfect (pretérito pluscuamperfecto) subject object = plural (had = plural and singular)object (4.1)Passive: The hotel rooms had been cleaned (by maids) Subject agent → ‘had been cleaned’ is the passive form of the past perfect. PET by Matifmarin.
  4. 4. 4 GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 1. The Passive Voice □ Uses: We use the passive voice when we don’t know who/what does the action or it isn’t as important as what is done, or who / what does the action is obvious: □ There are four steps to make a passive sentence: ♦active sample sentence: Adam ate the apple. [past simple] 1 - The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence (It’s the person, animal or thing that receives the action, in our example “the apple”)) 2. Think about the time of the action and write the correct form of the verb to be (is, are, was, were …), it can be (present, past, etc. in our example the tense in the active voice is the past simple “Adam ate”, so the verb to be becomes “was” in the passive voice). Check the table on next pages. 3. Now, we have to write the past participle of the main verb, in our example “eat” past simple “ate” and past participle “eaten”. So, we have: “The apple was eaten” [patient subject] [past simple passive] 4. If you want to point out who / what does the action, write it at the end of the sentence followed by the preposition by, it’s called the agent. And “et voilà” we have it: “The apple was eaten” by Adam [patient subject] [past simple passive] [agent] Adam’s apple Have you ever asked yourself why weren’t girls given an Eve’s apple? PET by Matifmarin.
  5. 5. 5 Activity: Who kisses who(m)? Express it using the passive voice: GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 1. The Passive Voice DOER RECEIVER DOER RECEIVER Peter Mary John Sharon PET by Matifmarin.
  6. 6. 6 GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 1. The Passive Voice ACTIVE AND PASSIVE TENSES CHART SIMPLE PRESENT and SIMPLE PAST The active object becomes the passive subject. am/is/are + past participle was/were + past participle Active: Present simple This film fascinates me. The film bores John. The film surprises them. Passive: Simple Present I am fascinated by this film. John is bored by the film. They are surprised by the film. Active: Simple Past The film bored me. The film fascinated Jack. The film surprised them. Passive: Simple Past I was bored by the film. John was fascinated by the film. They were surprised by the film. PRESENT and PAST CONTINUOUS (PROGRESSIVE) Passive form: am/is/are + being + past participle was/were + being + past participle Active: Present Continuous I am helping Sharon. June is helping Jane and Tony. Passive: Present Continuous Sharon is being helped by me. Jane and Tony are being helped by June. Active: Past Continuous I was cleaning the bathroom. They were cleaning the bedroom. Susan was cleaning the kitchen and balcony. Passive: Past Continuous The bathroom was being cleaned by me. The bedroom was being cleaned by them. The kitchen and the balcony were being cleaned by Susan. PET by Matifmarin.
  7. 7. 7 GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 1. The Passive Voice PRESENT PERFECT, PAST PERFECT and FUTURE PERFECT Passive form: have/has been + past participle had been + past participle Active: Present Perfect I have sent the present. John has sent the letters. Passive: Present Perfect The present has been sent by me. The letters have been sent by John. Active: Past Perfect Steven Spielberg had directed the film. Robert Reford had directed those films. Passive: Past Perfect The film had been directed by Steven Spielberg. The films had been directed by Robert Reford. Active: Future Perfect John will have finished the project next month. They will have finished the projects before then. Passive: Future Perfect The project will have been finished by next month. The projects will have been finished before then. FUTURE TENSES Passive forms: will + be + past participle is/are going to be + past participle Active: Future with WILL I will send the present. John will send the letters. Passive: Future with WILL The present will be sent by me. The letters will be sent by John. Active: Future with GOING TO I am going to make the cake. June is going to make two cakes. Passive: Future with GOING TO The cake is going to be made by me. Two cakes are going to be made by June. PET by Matifmarin.
  8. 8. 8 1. The Passive Voice PRESENT / FUTURE MODALS The passive form follows this pattern: modal + be + past participle Active: WILL / WON'T (WILL NOT) Sharon will invite Tom to the party. Sharon won't invite Jeff to the party. (Sharon will not invite Jeff to the party.) Passive: WILL / WON'T (WILL NOT) Tom will be invited to the party by Sharon. Jeff won't be invited to the party by Sharon. (Jeff will not be invited to the party by Sharon.) Active: CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT) Mai can foretell the future. Terry can't foretell the future. (Terry can not foretell the future.) Passive: CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT) The future can be foretold by Mai. The future can't be foretold by Terry. (The future can not be foretold by Terry.) Active: MAY / MAY NOT Her company may give Katya a new office. The lazy students may not do the homework. MIGHT / MIGHT NOT Her company might give Katya a new office. The lazy students might not do the homework. Passive: MAY / MAY NOT Katya may be given a new office by her company. The homework may not be done by the lazy students. MIGHT / MIGHT NOT Katya might be given a new office by her company. The homework might not be done by the lazy students. Active: SHOULD / SHOULDN'T Students should memorize English verbs. Children shouldn't smoke cigarettes. Passive: SHOULD / SHOULDN'T English verbs should be memorized by students. Cigarettes shouldn't be smoked by children. Active: OUGHT TO Students ought to learn English verbs. (negative ought to is rarely used) Passive: OUGHT TO English verbs ought to be memorized by students. Active: HAD BETTER / HAD BETTER NOT Students had better practice English every day. Children had better not drink whiskey. Passive: HAD BETTER / HAD BETTER NOT English had better be practiced every day by students. Whiskey had better not be drunk by children. Active: MUST / MUST NOT Tourists must apply for a passport to travel abroad. Customers must not use that door. Passive: MUST / MUST NOT A passport to travel abroad must be applied for. That door must not be used by customers. Active: HAS TO / HAVE TO She has to practice English every day. Sara and Miho have to wash the dishes every day. DOESN'T HAVE TO/ DON'T HAVE TO Maria doesn't have to clean her bedroom every day. The children don't have to clean their bedrooms every day. Passive: HAS TO / HAVE TO English has to be practiced every day. The dishes have to be washed by them every day. DOESN'T HAVE TO/ DON'T HAVE TO Her bedroom doesn't have to be cleaned every day. Their bedrooms don't have to be cleaned every day. Active: BE SUPPOSED TO I am supposed to type the composition. I am not supposed to copy the stories in the book. Janet is supposed to clean the living room. She isn't supposed to eat candy and gum. They are supposed to make dinner for the family. They aren't supposed to make dessert. Passive: BE SUPPOSED TO The composition is supposed to be typed by me. The stories in the book are not supposed to be copied. The living room is supposed to be cleaned by Janet. Candy and gum aren't supposed to be eaten by her. Dinner for the family is supposed to be made by them. Dessert isn't supposed to be made by them. PET by Matifmarin.
  9. 9. 9 1. The Passive Voice PAST MODALS The past passive form follows this pattern: modal + have been + past participle Active: SHOULD HAVE / SHOULDN'T HAVE The students should have learned the verbs. The children shouldn't have broken the window. Passive: SHOULD HAVE / SHOULDN'T HAVE The verbs should have been learned by the students. The window shouldn't have been broken by the children. Active: OUGHT TO Students ought to have learned the verbs. (negative ought to is rarely used) Passive: OUGHT TO The verbs ought to have been learned by the students. Active: BE SUPPOSED TO (past time) I was supposed to type the composition. I wasn't supposed to copy the story in the book. Janet was supposed to clean the living room. She wasn't supposed to eat candy and gum. Frank and Jane were supposed to make dinner. They weren't supposed to make dessert. Passive: BE SUPPOSED TO (past time) The composition was supposed to be typed by me. The story in the book wasn't supposed to be copied. The living room was supposed to be cleaned by Janet. Candy and gum weren't supposed to be eaten by her. Dinner was supposed to be made by them. Dessert wasn't supposed to be made by them. Active: MAY / MAY NOT That firm may have offered Katya a new job. The students may not have written the paper. MIGHT / MIGHT NOT That firm might have offered Katya a new job. The students might not have written the paper. Passive: MAY / MAY NOT Katya may have been offered a new job by that firm. The paper may not have been written by the students. MIGHT / MIGHT NOT Katya might have been offered a new job by that firm. The paper might not have been written by the students. PET by Matifmarin.
  10. 10. 10 GRAMMAR – UNIT 24 1. The Passive Voice REMEMBER: The verb “be” is changed according to the tense of the sentence and the number (singular/plural) of the subject of the passive sentence. Now, say the sentences about these images using the passive voice: Antoni Gaudi Gustave Eiffel Miguel de Cervantes William Shakespeare PET by Matifmarin.
  11. 11. 11 PET by Matifmarin. SUMMARY OF CONTENTS PETSUMMARY OF CONTENTS PET UNIT 24 Passive Voice Don’t forget to do the activities in you course books Both Student Book & Workbook!!  EndEnd
  • BrandyLockett1

    Dec. 4, 2021

PET Unit 24 the Passive voice with examples and activities

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