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GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15FCE
by Matifmarin
Expressing Purpose
LET’S START !!
Infinitive with to In order (not) to + infinitive.
So as (not) to + infinitive So that + clause.
In case + clause
I know that you come to this class
to learn something. Well, today I
need your help in order to explain
the purpose of this lesson. So, in
case I get lost, I would be grateful
if you could consider my request
and give me a hand so that I can
explain all this clearly !
If you are ready, we’d better start
now so as not to waist too much
time.
2
GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15
FCE
by Matifmarin
Expressing Purpose
1. To-infinitive
In Xavi C.’s fridge isn’t any milk, so he goes to the shop. Why?
2. In order to
Tonia needs some money. She goes to the bank. Why?
3. So as (not) to
Sandra doesn’t like making mistakes. She concentrates on her work. Why?
4. So that
Xavi Mald. wants to travel to the USA and he is saving money. Why?
5. In case
Fàtima thinks it may rain. She has brought an umbrella. Why?
6. To-infinitive
Oleguer likes to be on time. He gets ups early. Why?
7. In order to
Xavi Mor. Wants to study a degree. Hes has enrolled at the university. Why?
8. So as to
Fabrizio wants to be closer to the university. He is planning to move house. Why?
9. So that
Mónica wants her children to swim at home. She is building a swimming pool. Why?
10. In case
Adrià is cellebrating a party and doesn’t want to run out of wine. He’ll buy a couple of bottles. Why?
11. To-infinitive
Núria wants to get good marks in her exam. She revises all the course contents. Why?
12. In order to
Natàlia wants to improve her English and has decided to stay in England for a while. Why?
13. So as (not) to
Javi needs some stamps to send a letter to his best friend. He goes to the Post office. Why?
Xavi C. goes to the shop ...................................................
Tonia goes to the bank .......................................................
Sandra concentrates on her work .....................................
Xavi Mald. is saving money ................................................
Fàtima has brought an umbrella …………………………...
Oleguer gets up early ……………………………………
Xavi Mor. has enrolled at the university …………………
Fabrizio is planning to move house ……………………
Mónica is building a swimming pool in the garden ………..
Adrià will buy a couple of bottles ………..……………….
Núria revises all the course contents ………………
Natàlia has decided to stay in England for a while …………
Javi goes to the post office ………………………………….
Use the expression of purpose to tell us why your classmates’ do the differnt things.
3
GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15
FCE
by Matifmarin
Expressing Purpose
1. Xavi C. goes to the shop to buy (some) milk.
2. Tonia goes to the bank in order to get (some) money.
3. Sandra concentrates on her work so as not to make any mistake / so as not to make mistakes.
4. Xavi Mald. is saving money so that he can travel to the USA.
5. Fàtima has brought an umbrella in case it may rain. / in case it rains
6. Oleguer gets up early to get on time. / not to get late.
7. Xavi Mor. has enrolled at the university in order to study a degree.
8. Fabrizio is planning to move house so as to be closer to the university.
9. Mónica is building a swimming pool in the garden so that her children (can) enjoy swimming at home.
10. Adrià will buy a couple of bottles in case he runs out of wine for the party / in case he may run out of wine
11. Núria revises all the course contents to get good marks in the exam.
12. Natàlia has decided to stay in England for a while in order to improve her English.
13. Javi goes to the post office so as to get some stamps.
SUGGESTED ANSWERS
4
FCE
by Matifmarin
GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15
to-infinitive,, in order to, so as (not) to, so that , in case
Stating Purpose
●These structures express purpose and answer the question why something is done.
They are going to Scotland in order to see their relatives, and they have left early
so as to be there on time to listen to their uncle playing the bagpipes at the concert.
We are travelling
to Scotland to
visit our relatives.
NOTE:
→ 'in order to' and 'so as to' are more common before stative verbs like: be, see, have, know, appear, seem, understand, etc.
→ Before a negative infinitive, we normally use 'so as not' or 'in order not to” e.g.: I am leaving now so as not to be late.
                                                   (not: I am leaving now to be not late).
→ Remember: Do not use 'for' before the infinitive of purpose: I called you to invite you to the party ( NOT “for inviting”)
5
FCE
by Matifmarin
GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15
Stating Purpose
□ The negative sentences are expressed with ’in order not to’ or ‘so as not to’
e.g.: Peter rans to the station in order not to / so as not to miss the train.
→ With the infinitive alone it is usually wrong: Peter is going early to the station to not miss..
6
GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15
FCE
by Matifmarin
Expressing Purpose
1. Why do people do that or go to those places?1. Why do people do that or go to those places?
Make sentences stating the purposeMake sentences stating the purpose
7
GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15
FCE
by Matifmarin
Expressing Purpose
2. Choose the correct expression of purpose:
1.They concentrate on their exercise ____________ make any mistakes.
1. You have to registrate ____________ participate in the forum.
3. She left work early ____________ be on time.
4. Ships carry life boats ____________ the crew can escape when the ship sinks.
5. He exercises regularly ___________ be overweight.
6. I will go to university ____________ continue my studies.
8
GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15
FCE
by Matifmarin
Expressing Purpose
1. so as not to ( so as (not) to + base verb)
2. in order to (in order (not) to + base verb)
3. to ( (not) to + base verb)
4. so that ( so that + subject + modal + base verb)
5. In order not to ( in order (not) to + base verb)
6. to (to + base verb)
SUGGESTED ANSWERS
1. Why do these people do that or go to those places?1. Why do these people do that or go to those places?
1. The doctor is perform reflex testing1. The doctor is perform reflex testing toto ensureensure the patient's body nerves are functioning properly.the patient's body nerves are functioning properly.
2. The doctor is giving the patient the kiss of life / performing the mouth-to-mouth resuscitation2. The doctor is giving the patient the kiss of life / performing the mouth-to-mouth resuscitation in order toin order to revive the patient.revive the patient.
3. The children are brought in the library so that they may get interested in reading.
4. The ornithologist uses binoculars so as to be able to watch birds.
5. The tourists run to the beach in order that they get a good place at the sea shore.
6. The family goes to the supermarket to do the shopping.
2. Choose the correct expression of purpose:
9
GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15
FCE
by Matifmarin
SUMMARY
Expressing Purpose
Purpose Clauses
□ Purpose clauses are subordinate clauses which answer the question, “Why?” or
“For what purpose?” was the main clause verb done.
□ Identifying conjunctions which begin purpose clauses are in order that, in order to, so as to,
so that, for the purpose of… In English, we most commonly express purpose simply by using
the formula to + verb.
Examples:
- My students are studying hard in order that they may get good marks in their exam.
- My students are studying hard in order to get good result in their exam.
- My students are studying hard so as to get good result in their exam
- My students are studying hard so that they may get good marks in their exam.
- My students are studying hard to get good result in their exam.
main clause subordinated clause
10
FCE
by Matifmarin
UNIT 15 is the last one for this course. Expressing Purpose
Thanks for being such good students!!
 EndEnd

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FCE Unit 15 Expressing Purpose

  • 1. 1 GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15FCE by Matifmarin Expressing Purpose LET’S START !! Infinitive with to In order (not) to + infinitive. So as (not) to + infinitive So that + clause. In case + clause I know that you come to this class to learn something. Well, today I need your help in order to explain the purpose of this lesson. So, in case I get lost, I would be grateful if you could consider my request and give me a hand so that I can explain all this clearly ! If you are ready, we’d better start now so as not to waist too much time.
  • 2. 2 GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15 FCE by Matifmarin Expressing Purpose 1. To-infinitive In Xavi C.’s fridge isn’t any milk, so he goes to the shop. Why? 2. In order to Tonia needs some money. She goes to the bank. Why? 3. So as (not) to Sandra doesn’t like making mistakes. She concentrates on her work. Why? 4. So that Xavi Mald. wants to travel to the USA and he is saving money. Why? 5. In case Fàtima thinks it may rain. She has brought an umbrella. Why? 6. To-infinitive Oleguer likes to be on time. He gets ups early. Why? 7. In order to Xavi Mor. Wants to study a degree. Hes has enrolled at the university. Why? 8. So as to Fabrizio wants to be closer to the university. He is planning to move house. Why? 9. So that Mónica wants her children to swim at home. She is building a swimming pool. Why? 10. In case Adrià is cellebrating a party and doesn’t want to run out of wine. He’ll buy a couple of bottles. Why? 11. To-infinitive Núria wants to get good marks in her exam. She revises all the course contents. Why? 12. In order to Natàlia wants to improve her English and has decided to stay in England for a while. Why? 13. So as (not) to Javi needs some stamps to send a letter to his best friend. He goes to the Post office. Why? Xavi C. goes to the shop ................................................... Tonia goes to the bank ....................................................... Sandra concentrates on her work ..................................... Xavi Mald. is saving money ................................................ Fàtima has brought an umbrella …………………………... Oleguer gets up early …………………………………… Xavi Mor. has enrolled at the university ………………… Fabrizio is planning to move house …………………… Mónica is building a swimming pool in the garden ……….. Adrià will buy a couple of bottles ………..………………. Núria revises all the course contents ……………… Natàlia has decided to stay in England for a while ………… Javi goes to the post office …………………………………. Use the expression of purpose to tell us why your classmates’ do the differnt things.
  • 3. 3 GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15 FCE by Matifmarin Expressing Purpose 1. Xavi C. goes to the shop to buy (some) milk. 2. Tonia goes to the bank in order to get (some) money. 3. Sandra concentrates on her work so as not to make any mistake / so as not to make mistakes. 4. Xavi Mald. is saving money so that he can travel to the USA. 5. Fàtima has brought an umbrella in case it may rain. / in case it rains 6. Oleguer gets up early to get on time. / not to get late. 7. Xavi Mor. has enrolled at the university in order to study a degree. 8. Fabrizio is planning to move house so as to be closer to the university. 9. Mónica is building a swimming pool in the garden so that her children (can) enjoy swimming at home. 10. Adrià will buy a couple of bottles in case he runs out of wine for the party / in case he may run out of wine 11. Núria revises all the course contents to get good marks in the exam. 12. Natàlia has decided to stay in England for a while in order to improve her English. 13. Javi goes to the post office so as to get some stamps. SUGGESTED ANSWERS
  • 4. 4 FCE by Matifmarin GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15 to-infinitive,, in order to, so as (not) to, so that , in case Stating Purpose ●These structures express purpose and answer the question why something is done. They are going to Scotland in order to see their relatives, and they have left early so as to be there on time to listen to their uncle playing the bagpipes at the concert. We are travelling to Scotland to visit our relatives. NOTE: → 'in order to' and 'so as to' are more common before stative verbs like: be, see, have, know, appear, seem, understand, etc. → Before a negative infinitive, we normally use 'so as not' or 'in order not to” e.g.: I am leaving now so as not to be late.                                                    (not: I am leaving now to be not late). → Remember: Do not use 'for' before the infinitive of purpose: I called you to invite you to the party ( NOT “for inviting”)
  • 5. 5 FCE by Matifmarin GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15 Stating Purpose □ The negative sentences are expressed with ’in order not to’ or ‘so as not to’ e.g.: Peter rans to the station in order not to / so as not to miss the train. → With the infinitive alone it is usually wrong: Peter is going early to the station to not miss..
  • 6. 6 GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15 FCE by Matifmarin Expressing Purpose 1. Why do people do that or go to those places?1. Why do people do that or go to those places? Make sentences stating the purposeMake sentences stating the purpose
  • 7. 7 GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15 FCE by Matifmarin Expressing Purpose 2. Choose the correct expression of purpose: 1.They concentrate on their exercise ____________ make any mistakes. 1. You have to registrate ____________ participate in the forum. 3. She left work early ____________ be on time. 4. Ships carry life boats ____________ the crew can escape when the ship sinks. 5. He exercises regularly ___________ be overweight. 6. I will go to university ____________ continue my studies.
  • 8. 8 GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15 FCE by Matifmarin Expressing Purpose 1. so as not to ( so as (not) to + base verb) 2. in order to (in order (not) to + base verb) 3. to ( (not) to + base verb) 4. so that ( so that + subject + modal + base verb) 5. In order not to ( in order (not) to + base verb) 6. to (to + base verb) SUGGESTED ANSWERS 1. Why do these people do that or go to those places?1. Why do these people do that or go to those places? 1. The doctor is perform reflex testing1. The doctor is perform reflex testing toto ensureensure the patient's body nerves are functioning properly.the patient's body nerves are functioning properly. 2. The doctor is giving the patient the kiss of life / performing the mouth-to-mouth resuscitation2. The doctor is giving the patient the kiss of life / performing the mouth-to-mouth resuscitation in order toin order to revive the patient.revive the patient. 3. The children are brought in the library so that they may get interested in reading. 4. The ornithologist uses binoculars so as to be able to watch birds. 5. The tourists run to the beach in order that they get a good place at the sea shore. 6. The family goes to the supermarket to do the shopping. 2. Choose the correct expression of purpose:
  • 9. 9 GRAMMAR – UNIT 15GRAMMAR – UNIT 15 FCE by Matifmarin SUMMARY Expressing Purpose Purpose Clauses □ Purpose clauses are subordinate clauses which answer the question, “Why?” or “For what purpose?” was the main clause verb done. □ Identifying conjunctions which begin purpose clauses are in order that, in order to, so as to, so that, for the purpose of… In English, we most commonly express purpose simply by using the formula to + verb. Examples: - My students are studying hard in order that they may get good marks in their exam. - My students are studying hard in order to get good result in their exam. - My students are studying hard so as to get good result in their exam - My students are studying hard so that they may get good marks in their exam. - My students are studying hard to get good result in their exam. main clause subordinated clause
  • 10. 10 FCE by Matifmarin UNIT 15 is the last one for this course. Expressing Purpose Thanks for being such good students!!  EndEnd