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Specialized form of peroxisome
Present in plant cells (Germinating seeds)
Not found in animal cells except some
lower animals (Nematodes )
Contain the enzymes of the Glyoxylate
Citrate synthase, isocitrate lyase, malate
They contain all the enzymes necessary
for fatty acid oxidation in Glyoxylate
Cycle and Gluconeogenesis.
R.W Breidenbach and H. Beevers In
Microbodies of the fat-storing cells of
germinating seeds contain enzymes
Enzyme were found in the organelle
other than mitochondria
Role Of Glyoxysomes In
Convert acetyl CoA into succinate for the
synthesis of carbohydrates.
Fatty acid → Carbohydrates
In Microorganisms in the absence of
glucose this cycle allows cells to utilize carbon
compounds as a carbon source.
Role In Glyoxylate Cyclic
Present in plants e.g (Oil rich seeds)
Soya beans, Castor beans, Sunflower beans
Present at the time of Germination (Plant
Removed in living plants when they become
able to produce their own food from
Energy comes from the stored fatty acids
Fatty acid → Carbohydrates
Glyoxysomes undergo catabolism &
anabolism of lipids
Catabolism carried by the enzymes present
in glyoxysomes (Glyoxylate Cycle)
Contain material to begin formation of new
Form epicotyl & hypocotyl
• When body sustain itself (roots & shoots are
developed) they are removed
• Seeds → Germination → Plant body
Enzymes involve in Glyoxylate Cycle
The glyoxylate cycle utilizes five enzymes that
Steps Involved In Glyoxylate Cycle:-
Various steps of this cycle are as follows:-
Acetyl-CoA produced after the β-oxidation of
fatty acids condenses with oxaloacetic acid to
form Citric Acid.
Citric acid is dehydrated to produce Cis-
aconitic Acid in the presence of Aconitase.
Cis-aconitic acid reacts with one molecule of
H2O to form Iso-citric acid.
Iso-citric acid is broken down into glyoxylic
acid and succinic acid by the enzyme
Glyoxylic acid combines with acetyl CoA
(produced after the β-oxidation of fatty acids)
in the presence of Malate synthetase to
produce Malic acid.
Malic acid is oxidised into oxaloacetic acid in
the presence of Malic dehydrogenase and the
Oxaloacetic acid thus produced combines
with acetyl-CoA to regenerate citric acid.
Role Of Glyoxylate Cycle In
Main enzymes Isocitrate Lyase and malate
synthase are increased upon contact with the
human host. Mutant of particular fungi that
lacked Isocitrate Lyase are less virulant.
Glyoxylate Cycle is a significant factor for the
pathogenesis of these microbes.
Role Of Glyoxylate Cycle In Gluco-
Fatty acid from lipids are used as an energy
Fatty acid is converted into acetate molecule
by beta oxidation.
Acetate +active thiol group (coenzyme A) >
TCA cycle > CO2
This pathway allows cells to obtain energy