Psychodynamic psychotherapy affords the patient an opportunity – albeit a belated one – to master experiences that had once been overwhelming, and therefore defended against, but that can now, with enough support from the therapist and by tapping into the patient's underlying resilience and inherent capacity to cope with stress, be processed, integrated, and ultimately adapted to. This opportunity for belated mastery of traumatic experiences and transformation of defense into adaptation speaks to the power of the transference, whereby the here-and-now is imbued with the primal significance of the there-and-then. Ultimately, the therapeutic goal is to transform less-evolved defense into more-evolved adaptation – from externalizing blame to taking ownership, from whining and complaining to becoming proactive, from dissociating to becoming more present, from feeling victimized to becoming empowered, from being jammed up to harnessing one's energies and channeling them into the pursuit of one's dreams, from denial to confronting head-on, from being critical to becoming more compassionate, and from cursing the darkness to lighting a candle. Growing up (the task of the child) and getting better (the task of the patient) are therefore a story about transforming need into capacity – the need for immediate gratification into the capacity to tolerate delay, the need for perfection into the capacity to tolerate imperfection, the need for external regulation of the self into the capacity to be internally self-regulating, and the need to hold on into the capacity to let go. In sum, it could be said that, as a result of intensive psychodynamic psychotherapy, "resistance" will be replaced by "awareness," "relentless pursuit of the unattainable" replaced by "acceptance," "re-enactment of unmastered early-on relational traumas” replaced by "accountability," "retreat and resignation" replaced by "accessibility," and “relentless despair” replaced by “awakened hope.” The focus throughout will be on the interface between theory and clinical practice.