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Vygotsky's Cognitive development

Our report on Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development. It's quite brief, but very well said, I suppose.

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Vygotsky's Cognitive development

  1. 1. Presented by:Jenina Pauline Cardenas Mark Francis Astom BSEd- II
  2. 2. Lev Vygotsky 
  3. 3. Vygotsky believes that…  the child is viewed as an active seeker of knowledge; the child and environment interact together enabling cognitive development in a culturally adaptive way;
  4. 4. Vygotsky believes that…  the mind is perceived to be socially constructed; the child is born with basic attentional, perceptual and memory capacities;
  5. 5. Vygotsky believes that…  development occurs as a direct result of contact with the environment; language and thought develop independently, but eventually merge and interact.
  6. 6. Vygotsky believes that…  children must speak to themselves in a self guiding and directing way- initially aloud and later internally
  7. 7. 1. Self-Regulation Development involves the internalization of signs acquired by an individual from others so that he can solve problems by himself
  8. 8. 2. Zone of Proximal Development  refers to the tasks a child is unable to complete alone, but is able to complete with the assistance of an adult.
  9. 9. The teacher gives a learning experience for a specific child at a level just beyond his/her current level of performance.
  10. 10.
  11. 11. 3. Scaffolding  In order for a child to learn new concepts or skills the teacher must provide scaffolds for the learning experience.
  12. 12. Like scaffolding on a building, supports are withdrawn as individual competence develops. Scaffolding may include physical presence and prompts along with more specific metacognitive strategies.
  13. 13. Educational Implications Child as an active participant in the learning process.Importance of individual difference.Assist children in discovery.Teachers should guide learning through explanation, demonstration and verbal prompts.
  14. 14.  Tailor lessons to each childs zone of proximal development. Early childhood – promote teacher/child and child/child interactions. Promote fantasy play. Within the learning environment focus on literacy activities. Use prompts, reminders, increase independence, give information, use cooperative learning and reciprocal teaching strategies.
  15. 15. Vygotsky also believed that… Language is the most important tool for gaining this social knowledgeChildren can learn a lot via language
  16. 16. “Words play a central partnot only in the development of thought but in the historical growth ofconsciousness as a whole.” “The speech structures
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