4. Chapei – is a popular among the older
generation and is most often a solo
performance of a man plucking a
Cambodian guitar in between
acapella verses. The lyrics are usually
having moral or religious themes.
5. A yai – can be performed solo or by a
man and woman and is often
comedic in nature. It is a form of lyric
poetry that can either be scripted or
completely impromptu and ad libbed.
6. Pinpeat – is an orchestra or musical
ensemble that performs the ceremonial
music of the former royal courts and temples
of Cambodia. It consists of 9 to 10
instruments, mainly wind and percussion. It
accompanies court dances, masked plays,
shadow plays, and religious ceremonies. It is
similar to the Piphat ensemble of Thailand.
7. Pleng Kaah (Wedding Music) – is a
traditional music and songs played both for
entertainment and as accompaniment for
the ceremonial parts of a traditional, days-
long Khmer wedding.
8. Popular music – performed with western
style instruments or a mixture of traditional
and western instruments. In includes slow,
crooner-type music as well as dance music.
The two common types of Cambodian dance
music are Ramvong and Ramkback.
12. • Uses diatonic scale but with difference
on the fourth and seventh notes.
• Melody uses single notes often in
• No harmony
• Uses simple duple or a simple
• Lively yet graceful
14. • Byaw – played at religious festivals and is sung to the beat
of a long, thin drum
• Chamber music – an indoor ensemble, where a female
singer is accompanied by a traditional ensemble.
• Sidaw – an outdoor musical ensemble used in royal
courts to mark important ceremonial functions like the
royal ploughing ceremony.
15. • Hsaing Waing – a traditional Burmese folk musical
ensemble, consisting of a number of different gongs and
drums. It is characterized by lively and sudden contrast
and shifts in rhythm, melody, and tempo. It is not found
outside Burma and has to be played with great expertise.
It is differing greatly in its diversity of instruments and
musical style from Thai ensembles.
19. • Classical and Folk music emerged during the pre-
colonial period and still exists in the form of vocal,
dance, and theatrical music.
• Syncretic or Acculturated music developed during
the post-Portuguese period. It contains elements
from both local music and foreign elements of
Arabian, Persian, Indian, Chinese, and Western
musical and theatrical sources.
21. • Agung and Kulintang – is a gong-based musical
ensemble commonly used in funerals and
weddings in East Malaysia. This type of ensemble
is similar to the kulintang of the Philippines, Brunei,
22. • Kertok – is a musical ensemble from the Malay
Peninsula that consists of xylophones played
swiftly and rhythmically in traditional Malay
23. • Dikir Barat – is a type of musical form that is
important to Malaysia’s national culture. It is
performed by singing in groups and often in a
competitive manner usually with percussion
instrumental accompaniment or sometimes without
instruments at all.