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Movement in the classroom 2010

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Movement in the classroom 2010

  1. 1. Lets Move, Lets Learn Maria Perez MS,OTR/L
  2. 2. “Children can learn almost anything if they are dancing, tasting, touching, hearing, seeing and feeling information”
  3. 3. Brain QuizTrue or False?• Rote memorization is brain-antagonistic.• The use of videos and lectures are anti-brain-based.• Environments determine 40% of learner success.• Most learners use only 5-10% of their brain.• Emotion and intelligence are separate brain functions.• The adult brain cannot grow brand new cells.• Someone who can get the correct answer quickly is an intelligent learner.• Teaching more content per hour, per day, per week, per year is best.• Increased synapses formed in the brain lead to increased intelligence.• Teachers should start class with new content within the first 5 minutes.
  4. 4. Overview• Brain/Body Connection• Research• Rational Brain/Body Connection• Factors that Inhibit Learning• Examples• Brain Gym
  5. 5. Brain/Body Connection• From birth to the age of 10 is when there is the most dendrite growth• Neocortex of the brain (gray matter has unlimited ability to form new dendrites) and to increase myelination
  6. 6. Brain/Body Connection• Corpus callosum • acts as a superhighway allowing quick access to both sides of the brain • the more that both hemispheres are activated by use, the more myelinated dendrite connections are formed and extend across the corpus callosum • the more myelination, the faster the processing between both hemispheres and the rest of the brain
  7. 7. Body/Brain ConnectionCerebellum • is the first sensory system to mature • contains over half of all the brains neurons • feeds information to the cortex • it is the last place information is processed before it is sent to the cortex • more neurons leave the cerebellum and communicate to other parts of the brain • contains pathways to parts of the brain for memory, attention and spatial perception Basal ganglion • connects fine motor and gross motor movement, it is a major gateway to higher cortical reasoning
  8. 8. Body/Brain ConnectionExercise• Strengthens the basal ganglia, cerebellum and corpus callosum connections• Fuels the brain with oxygen• Feeds the brain neurotrophins (high nutrient food) which enhances growth and connections between neurons• Increase triggers of the release of BDNF which enables one neuron to communicate with another• Any movement (talking, writing, chewing, knitting) anchors your thinking
  9. 9. Energize• “Imagination is more important than knowledge for while knowledge points to all there is , imagination points to all there will be” Einstein
  10. 10. Research• 80 studies suggest a strong link between the cerebellum and memory, language attention and decision making.• Jenson,2000 movement experiences (implicit) utilize procedural pathways and it is these pathways that produce the strongest learning• Hannaford,1995 (sensory motor integration is fundamental to school readiness)• Hillman,2009 (physical activity may strengthen childrens ability to pay attention and increase reading comprehension)• Winter et al, 2007 (regular exercise breaks during the school day can be a means of raising academic standards)
  11. 11. Rational Brain/ Body Connection• Movement increases blood flow to the brain• Releases important hormonal neurotransmitters• Creates same brain activity used to develop reading and math• Decrease excess spillage of cortisol into the bloodstream created due to stress• Facilitates the flow of newly learned information to the proper storage areas in the brain• Eases information retrieval and output• Movement (implicit learning-hands on learning) increases memory pathways
  12. 12. Rational Brain/Body Connection• Same parts of the brain that processes movement processes learning• There is no single movement center in the brain• Movement patterns allow children to access areas of the brain where information has been stored• Facilitates the flow of information to frontal lobe• Movement coupled with teaching allows children to interpret, store and recall information• Better able to express oneself through output of ideas, creativity and problem solving
  13. 13. Factors that Inhibit Learning• Stress-emotional state of the student• Perceived threats• Poor Body integration• Information has been blocked from going from the back of the brain to the front• Child cannot retrieve information learned
  14. 14. Energize Examples• “In order to learn and remember something, there must be a sensory input, a personal emotional connection and movement.”
  15. 15. Brain Gym• Pace • Water • Lazy Eights • Brain buttons • Thinking cap • Cross crawl • Elephant • Hook Ups
  16. 16. Brain buttons• One hand over navel- action that alerts brain to wake up for sensory input• Other hand rubs first and second ribs a the collar bone- stimulates blood flow through carotid arteries and brings extra water and oxygenated blood to the brain
  17. 17. Cross crawl• Touch one elbow or hand to the opposite knee• Move slowly- activates the frontal lobe• Involves moment that crosses the midline allowing full use of both hemispheres simultaneously
  18. 18. Hook Ups• Sitting cross legs• Arms together• Tongue on roof of mouth
  19. 19. Lazy Eights• Make sure intersection of the symbol is positioned at the midline of the child’s body• Begin at the intersection and movecounter clock wise• Cross the midline• Now move clockwise
  20. 20. Thinking cap• Gently unroll your ears edges a few times from top to bottom
  21. 21. Elephant• Place left ear onto left shoulder• Keep left arm outstretched• Bend knees and more with the flow while completing lazy eights slowly• Repeat 5-7 times• Switch to the right side• Repeat 5-7 times
  22. 22. Questions