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Renaissance

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its about art and literature. when it started , how it expanded , etc.

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Renaissance

  1. 1. Made by = Maliha Imran Maria Ifraz Renaissance
  2. 2.  Timeline : Renaissance started from 1000 AD-1400 AD.(14th century-17th century)  Renaissance : The word Renaissance is a French word which means “Rebirth”. Rebirth of art and learning.  Beginning of Renaissance : Renaissance started as a cultural movement from Italy and then spread to the other parts of Europe.
  3. 3.  Italian Renaissance : It means rebirth of ancient Greek and Roman world. It was the start of the general European Renaissance. Main focus was human achievement instead of religious or spiritual achievements. Knowledge was the key.  Northern Renaissance : With the rise of trade , travel and literacy the Italian Renaissance spread to Northern Europe. Main focus was religious or spiritual achievements.
  4. 4.  Renaissance Society : Its is divided into 3 categories 1. Nobility (wealthy class ) 2. Townspeople (middle class and provide goods and services ) 3. Peasants ( poor and weakest class )  City-states of the Renaissance : 1. Florence 2. Rome 3. Venice 4. Genoa 5. Milan
  5. 5.  Contribution of the Renaissance : 1. Invention of the Gutenberg Press. 2. The banking business. 3. Expansion of trade. 4. Humanism, individual is the center of the Universe. 5. Gateway to modern art forms. 6. Expansion of Greek and Roman architecture and sculpture.
  6. 6.  Printing Press : 1. Johannes Gutenberg was a German goldsmith and printer. 2. Gutenberg was 1st to develop movable types in 1445. This allowed for mass production of books. 3. 1456 1st Gutenberg Bible was printed. 4. Gutenberg was the key figure in spreading the Renaissance and his invention is most important invention in the history.  Petrarch : 1. Francesco Petrarch is often called the “Father of Humanism”.
  7. 7. 2. He was a scholar and a poet who lived in Florence in the 1300s. His ideas and poetry became an inspiration to many writers and poets.  Humanism : 1. Literature led to a new form of life in this world called as Renaissance Humanism. 2. Humanism is a movement in literature where Man is the center of all thoughts. 3. All literature revolved around Man ( to know this human being better )
  8. 8.  Artists : 1. Leonardo Da Vinci 2. Michel Angelo 3. Raphael Santi 4. Donatello  Writers : 1. Dante 2. Petrarch 3. Machiavelli 4. William shakespare
  9. 9.  New Artistic Techniques : 1. Fresco ( watercolour on fresh plaster ) 2. Law of perspective 3. Study of human anatomy 4. Goal ( imitate nature )

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