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### Mahesh Budde ppt.pptx

1. 1 ◆ Project Name ◆ “ Earthquake Analysis of Multistoried Residential Building Using STAAD PRO. ” . D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
2. ● Under guidance of ● Mr. Hardik Mandwe Sir (Assistant Prof. DYPCOE) ● Students Name ● 1) Mahesh Budde :- 71901304G 2) Suraj Bhise :- 71901283L 3) Avirat Murade :- 71901610L 4) Arshan Shaik :- 71901811M 5) Shalom Valvi :- 71901813H 2 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
3. Contents 3  Introduction  Objectives  Literature View  Methodology  IS Code Used  Seismic zones in India  Software Used  Building Plan for Project  Rendering view of Building structure  Schedule of Planningg  Steps for modelling  Loads  Load Combination  Shear wall  Design of beam ,column , shear wall  Results and Conclusion  Reference . . D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
4. Introduction 4 ►Due to day by day increase in population growth in India ,there is a deficiency of land area so there is a requirement of design and earthquake analysis of multi-storeyed building before the construction starts. ►The main object of the project is to modify the general design of multistorey building with seismic effect. ►Seismology is the study of vibration of earth mainly caused by earthquakes and seismic waves that move through and around the earth. ►So as to stop the loss of life and property the structure must be planed against the seismic waves.
5. Continue… 5 . ►For this the complete analysis of structure is essential the analysis can be done by doing calculation manually or using the software named as STADD PRO. ►Here in this project we are going to make the earthquake analysis of the multi-storeyed residential building using STADD PRO. D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
6. Aim And Objective ◦ Aim of the present study is to compare the behavior of High-rise multistoried residential building with shear wall to analyze and design the effect of building height on the performance under earthquake forces. ◦ Using STAAD-PRO SOFTWARE. Study of shear forces, bending moment, seismic forces and Node displacement during assigning process and restrain them by applying suitable property and material and again assigning. ◦ Check the stability of the structure providing shear wall and various positions of shear wall. 6 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
7. Scope of project ◦ In the present study, G+14 high-rise multistoried building of RCC framed structure are considered for earthquake analysis providing shear wall by using STAAD-PRO software. 7 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
8. Sr.no Author Conclusion 1 PROF. S .G. Makrande MR Suyog Bezalwar Prof. GD dhawale Paper Name :- "Study Of Analysis And Design Of Multistoried Residential Building" -Analysis of Multistory Building considering hybrid Structure. -Hybrid Structures are often built in which the lateral resistance is provided by a mixture of structures. - Pushover analysis (PA), static & Dynamic earthquake analysis are widely accepted from the engineering point of view as a practical and computationally attractive method of estimating engineering demand parameters. Literature Review 8 . D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
9. Sr.no Author Conclusion 1 -Computer aided analysis and design of multi-storied buildings. - STAAD PRO has the capability to calculate the reinforcement need. -The program contains a number of parameters which are designed as per IS: 456(2000). Beams are designed for flexure. Literature Review 9 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
10. Sr.no Author Conclusion 2 Mr .Pathan Irfan Khan Dr. Mrs .N.R.Dhamge Paper Name :- PAPER ON SEISMIC ANALYSIS OF MULTISTORIED RCC BUILDING DUE TO MASS IRREGULARITY ● Whenever a structure having different irregularity, it is necessary to analyse the building in various earthquake zones. ● From many past studies it is clear that effect of earthquake on structure can be minimize by providing shear wall, base isolation etc. ● The lateral displacement of the building is reduced as the percentage of irregularity increase. Literature Review 10 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
11. Sr.no Author Conclusion 3 Mrs .Keerthy Gowda B .S Sayyed Tajoddeen Paper Name :- "Seismic Analysis Of Multistoried Building with Floating Column ". ● Through the parametric study of storey drift, storey shear, time period and displacement, it was found that the multi- storey buildings with floating columns performed poorly under seismic excitation. ●Thus to improve seismic performance of the multi- storey RC building,lateral bracings were provided. Literature Review 11 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
12. Sr.no Author Conclusion 4 DJ LADJINOVIC A RASETA A RADUJIKOVIC R FOLIC PAPER NAME :- " Comparison of Structural Models for seismic Analysis Of multi storey Frame Buildings". ● the interaction between the components of critical support structure and substantially better estimation of strength capacity and deformation of buildings exposed to earthquakes. ● This paper presents an overview of modelling methods and results of the analysis obtained for the designed model of multi-storey frame using the programme SAP2000 and OpenSees. Literature Review 12 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
13. Sr.no Author Conclusion 4 DJ LADJINOVIC A RASETA A RADUJIKOVIC R FOLIC PAPER NAME :- " Comparison of Structural Models for seismic Analysis Of multi storey Frame Buildings". ● the interaction between the components of critical support structure and substantially better estimation of strength capacity and deformation of buildings exposed to earthquakes. ● This paper presents an overview of modelling methods and results of the analysis obtained for the designed model of multi-storey frame using the programme SAP2000 and OpenSees. Literature Review 13
14. Sr.no Author Conclusion 4 DJ LADJINOVIC A RASETA A RADUJIKOVIC R FOLIC PAPER NAME :- " Comparison of Structural Models for seismic Analysis Of multi storey Frame Buildings". ● the interaction between the components of critical support structure and substantially better estimation of strength capacity and deformation of buildings exposed to earthquakes. ● This paper presents an overview of modelling methods and results of the analysis obtained for the designed model of multi-storey frame using the programme SAP2000 and OpenSees. Literature Review 14 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
15. Sr.no Author Conclusion 5 Taha AAnsari , Sagar Jamle Paper name :- "Performance based Seismic Analysis Of Regular RC Building" ●In such type of cases performance based design philosophy has been required as seismic response of structure depends on various factors which are complex in nature. ●The objective of the study is to propose simplified and practical design approach which enables designers to consider effects of interaction of soil and structure in earthquake analysis. Literature Review 15 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
16. Sr.no Author Conclusion 6 S .P. Sharma. J .P. Bhandare. PAPER NAME:- “SEISMIC PERFORMANCE OF MULTISTOREY BUILDING WITH DIFFERENT LOCATIONS OF SHEAR WALL AND DIAGRID.” • IT is observe that the deflection at the different level in multistorey building with shear wall is comparatively lesser as compare to RC building without shear wall .  The author’s have concluded that by providing shear wall to high riser building ,seismic behavior may be affected to greater extend and also the stiffness and strength of building will be increase.  It also observe that due to diagonal column in periphery of the structure the diagrid structure is more effective in lateral load resisting system. Literature Review 16
17. Sr.no Author Conclusion 7 K. Prabin Kumar. M. Malyadri. Paper Name:- “SEISMIC ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF G+15 MULTI- STOREY RESIDENTIAL BUILDING.” • The response of a tall building beneath wind and seismic load as per IS codes of observe is studied. • Seismic analysis and wind load analysis with gust factor methodology square measure used for analysis of a RCC high rise building as per IS1893(Part1):2002 and IS875(Part3):1987codes severally. • The building is modelled as 3D area frame mistreatment STAAD Pro code. 17 Literature Review D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
18. Sr.No Author Conclusion 8. Prof. Jacky Gurnani. Aman Dussawar. Varun Bagade. Sayed Faraz Ali. Paper Name:- “TO ANALAYSE AND STUDY THE BEHAVIOUR OF MULTI- STOREY BUILDING IN DIFFERENT ZONES OF INDIA- A REVIEW • Irregular configuration of the structure is more susceptible to earthquake load than regular shaped buildings. • Seismic zone-V have more value of the Zone Factor and it show critical behavior during seismic analysis of G+7 structure. • • Steel quantity required for seismic zone-V is higher than 53.84%, 13.89% and 8.31% as compared to zone II, zone-III and zone-IV. 18 Literature Review
19. 19 Sr.No Author Conclusion 9. Rajat Srivastava. Sitesh Kumar Singh. Paper Name:- “SEISMIC ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF G+9 RCC RESIDENTIAL BUILDING IN STADD.PRO FOR ZONE II REGION”. • The research paper enables to consolidate the knowledge and analysis and design of structure during the seismic effects. • Since, the project building is located at Delhi (Zone II) region, they have given more emphasis on earthquake load rather than others. • The building is more practically analysed over Staad.Pro software which is nowadays a helpful tool in the analysis of frame for various loading condition. Literature Review D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
20. 20 Sr.No Author Conclusion 10. Tejaswini Wagh. Disha Patel. Krupa Phakatkar. Dipti Yenegure. Prof. Miss. Tejashri S. Gulve. Paper Name:- “SEISMIC ANALYSYS OF MULTISTOREY BUILDING G+9 BY USING STADD- PRO”. • The G+9 residential building has been analyzed and designed using STADD. Pro. • The seismic forces have been addressed, and the construction has been constructed to withstand the earthquakes. • Finally, STADD Pro is a versatile software that can calculate the reinforcement needed for any concrete section depending on its loading as well as nodal deflections against the lateral forces. Literature Review D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
21. Detail information about building 21 Sr. no Specifications Information 1. Structure type RCC Framed structure 2. Number of stories G+14 3. Seismic zone III 4. Floor height 3m 5. Size of Column 850mm X 700mm 6. Size of Beam 700mm X 600mm 7. Thickness of slab 150 mm 8. Live load 2 kN/m2 9. Floor Finish 3.75 kN/m2 10. Types of soil considered Medium Soil Type II 11. Compressive strength (Fck) 30 N/mm2 12. Steel grade Fe500 13. Concrete density 25 N/mm2 14. Poisons ratio of concrete 0.3 15. Z factor 0.16 16. Response reduction factor (RF) 5 (SMRF) 17. Importance factor 1 (All general building) 18. Damping ratio 5% 19. Modulus of elasticity of concrete 2000 N/mm2 20. Grade of concrete M30 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
22. Methodology ◦ In our project we referred various IS-Code like IS- 1893:2002/2005 and IS-456:2000 for design purpose. The required architectural plan, sizes of beams and columns for analysis and design purpose is collected from a construction site of a multistorey building. 22 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
23. Following steps are carried out throughout the project. TOPIC SELECTION REVIEW MODELLING OF BUILDING ASSIGNING PROPERTY DESIGN BEAM DESIGN COLUMN PROVIDE SHEAR WALL DESIGN SHEAR WALL CONCLUSION 23 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
24. IS Codes Used 24 1) IS 456: 2000 :- Design code For RCC structure. 2) IS 1893:2002 :- For Seismic Design 3) IS 875 ( PART 1, PART 2,PART 3, PART 5 ) D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
25. Seismic Zones In India As per the IS 1893:2002 in India there are 5 earthquake zones ZONE INTENSITY Z-FACTOR ZONE V HIGHEST SEISMIC ZONE 0.36 ZONE IV HIGH SEISMIC ZONE 0.24 ZONE III MODERATE SEISMIC ZONE 0.16 ZONE II LOW SEISMIC ZONE 0.10 25 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
26. 26 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
27. Software's Used 1) Auto CAD AutoCAD is specially used for drafting, modelling, drawing and annotation. 2) STAAD PRO. (V8i) This software is very favorable software for structural analysis and design. It is the most popular software in the world of structural engineer. It automatically convert your physical model into an analytical model to streamline your workflow. 27 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
28. AutoCAD Drawing 28 Project plan D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
29. Building Plan For Project 29 Top view D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
30. STAAD-PRO Structure 30 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
31. Rendering View Of Building Structure 31 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
32. Modelling, Analysis and design A] Following are the steps for the modelling:- • First the grid line is prepared in software. Then active grid label setup in X and Y direction. • Click on snap node beam and draw the structure with dimension. • For construct a structure by using translational repeat, circular repeat, mirror, snap node, plate cursor, surface cursor, etc. • The materials like concrete and steel are defined. • Frame sections as beams, columns, shear walls, slab are defined. • Properties of beams, columns, slabs, shear wall are defined. • Define the load cases. • Assign the loading as Dead load, Live load, Wind loads, Seismic loads • Assign the support conditions as fixed and analyse the model. 32 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
33. ◦ B] Shear Wall • Following are steps for modelling of shear wall :- • After the construction of whole model structure, take add surface command and draw the surface. • Select the position if node at top and bottom of the model of the structure and add surface. • Assign the property of shear wall and analyse 33 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
34. Steps for modelling in STAAD-PRO ◦ STEP 1 : Modelling ◦ STEP 2: Generation of nodal point ◦ STEP 3: Construction of whole structure ◦ STEP 4: Assign the properties ◦ STEP 5: Add support ◦ STEP 6: Shear wall surface ◦ STEP 7: 3D-Rendering view ◦ STEP 8: Load and definition ◦ STEP 9: Load Combinations ◦ STEP 10: Design of structure ◦ STEP 11: Output generation 34 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
36. LOADS ◦ 3] SEISMIC LOAD:- ◦ In definition requirement of project we add seismic definition and wind definition. In seismic definition, using the IS-Code 1893: 2002/2005 part4, generate the parameters. Parameters such as zone, reduction factor, Importance factor, soil type, type of structure, damping ratio. ◦ 4]WIND LOAD:- ◦ General wind loads do not affect on building, but as per IS Code in seismic analysis we consider wind load in our project. As per the IS Code of IS-875 part3, the wind load has been assigned in four directions, That is +X, -X, +Z and -Z directions. 36 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
37. Load Combinations ◦ As per the IS Code-875 part5 load combination is done in our project. Such load combinations are dead load, live load, seismic load, wind loads. ◦ For manual calculation the following steps are given in IS Code- 1.DL 7. DL+LL+EL 2.DL+LL 8.DL+LL+TL 3.DL+WL 9DL+WL+TL 4.DL+EL 10. DL+EL+TL 5.DL+TL 11. DL+ LL+WL+TL 6.DL+LL+WL 12. DL+LL+EL TL ◦ As per IS Code the factor of safety 1.5,1.2,0.9. 37 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
38. Design of structure ◦ Design of Structure on STADD-PRO The design is undertaken as per IS 456:2000 for RCC. M30 concrete and Fe500 is used as design parameters. Percentage steel of 1.2% has been specified as per IS Code standards and the design parameters have been assigned to respective every beam and column to get the final design. Output generation ◦ After the successful analysis and design of structure we get our output file with detail report. 38 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
39. Shear Wall • Shear walls are used in many buildings primarily to resist efficiently the action of lateral loads and to participate as much as possible in carrying gravity loads. • They are usually conceived as vertical plates supported at the foundation and are expected to function only under the action of in-plane horizontal and vertical forces. • . However, depending upon the architectural and structural layout of the building, shear walls may have a more complex shape. • Often the walls are of a central core forming boxes, or are cast between two columns leading to I or dumbbell shapes. • Shear wall must meet appropriate criteria for strength, stiffness and in earthquake areas, also for ductility. • Depending on the moment to shear ratio at each horizontal cross section of the wall, the behaviour can be controlled by shear and flexure. 39 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
40. Classification of Shear Wall 1. Simple rectangular types and flanged walls 2. Coupled shear walls 3. Rigid frame shear wall 4. Framed walls with in filled frames 5. Column supported shear wall ◦ Thickness of shear wall ◦ Thickness of shear wall ranges from 150 mm to 400 mm the minimum nominal thickness of hair on for one storey RCC building is 150 mm and masonry shear walls are 203 mm. ◦ -Types of Shear wall 1. Concrete block shear wall. 2. Steel plate shear wall. 3. Plywood shear wall. 40 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
41. Location of shear wall 1) Building with shear walls on periphery at the centres. 2) Building with shear walls on periphery at the corners. 3) Building with Box Type shear wall at centre of the geometry. Code used for Shear wall Nodal Provisions for shear wall in IS: 13920-1993 The code IS 13920 recommends that the thickness of any part of the wall should preferably be not less than 150 mm. 41 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
42. Details Of Shear Wall RCC Structure of Shear Wall D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
43. Designs a) Beam and Column In STAAD-PRO after successful analysis of structure next part is design using IS-Code 456. b) Shear wall In STAAD-PRO after successful analysis of structure next part is design using IS-Code 456. 43 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
44. Shear Wall Position ◦ 1) Building with shear walls on periphery at the centres. ◦ . 44 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
45. 2) Building with shear walls on periphery at the corners. 45 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
46. 3) Building with Box Type shear wall at centre of the geometry. 46 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
47. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION ◦ Check bending moment for Beam NO. 177 in Z direction with S+X load case and compare the results with various positions of shear wall . A) Bending Moment In Z direction . 47 Beam No. Position 1 Position 2 Positio 3 Position 4 177 22.27 44.10 107.90 20.70 22.27 44.1 107.9 20.7 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1 2 3 4 BENDING MOMENT SHEAR WALL POSITION BENDING MOMENT IN Z DIRECTION D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
48. ◦ B) Bending Moment In Y direction. 48 Beam No. Position 1 Position 2 Position 3 Position 4 177 14.95 6.9 17.1 12.9 14.95 6.9 17.1 12.9 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 1 2 3 4 BENDING MOMENT SHEAR WALL POSTION BENDING MOMENT IN Y DIRECTION D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
49. ◦ Check Shear Force for Beam NO. 177 in Z direction with S+X load case and compare the results with various positions of shear wall. A) Shear Force In Z direction . 49 Beam No. Position 1 Position 2 Position 3 Position 4 177 -0.611 -0.253 -0.519 -0.525 -0.61 -0.25 -0.51 -0.52 -0.7 -0.6 -0.5 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0 1 2 3 4 Shear Force Shear Wall Position Shear force in Z direction D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
50. ◦ A) Shear Force In Y direction . 50 Beam No. Position 1 Position 2 Position 3 Position 4 177 0.918 2.031 5.375 0.853 0.918 2.031 5.375 0.853 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 SHEAR FORCE SHEAR WALL POSITION Shear force in Y direction D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
51. Displacement In Structure 1) Node Displacement results for no shear wall in structure 2) Node Displacement results for shear wall at the position of centre in structure. 51 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
52. 3) Node Displacement results for shear wall at the position of corners in structure. 4) Node Displacement results for shear wall at position of centre of gravity in structure. 52 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
53. ◦ ◦ Below figures shows the resultant displacement with various positions of shear wall structure results . For node displacement with Max X and Max Y . 53 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 1 2 3 4 4.025 3.169 3.722 3.941 Resultant Displacement Shear wall positions Node Displacement for Max X 1.05 1.1 1.15 1.2 1.25 1.3 1.35 1 2 3 4 1.146 1.277 1.334 1.285 Displacement Shear wall postions Nodal Displacement For Max Y D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
54. Conclusion ◦ The main purpose of this present study was to assess the seismic effect on high rise building with or without the shear wall. Also provide the different positions of shear wall structure for decrease the lateral displacement. Positions of shear wall in structure are shear wall at centre, at corners and at centre of geometry. Through the parametric study of displacement, it was found that high rise building with shear wall is more stable than than the no shear wall structure. Thus to improve the seismic performance of the high rise building provide the shear wall at good position 54 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
55. Tentative Schedule of Planning 55 August Selection of project September Collection of Data Literature review October Software study November Software study December Project review January Analysis using Software February Output of the project March Conclusion of project May Paper Publication Final Project Review D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
56. References:- ◦ IS 1893-1 (2002) :- For Seismic analysis purpose . ◦ 2) IS 875 ( PART 1, PART 2,PART 3, PART 5 ) for design the loads and load combination. ◦ 3) STAAD PRO manual. ◦ 4) P.P. Chandurkar (May-June 2013C Paper Name:- Seismic analysis of RCC building with and without shear wall. ◦ 5) Keerthi Gowda, Syed Tajoddeen. (19 May 2014) Paper Name:- Seismic analysis of multi-storied building with floating column. ◦ 6) Prasad, R. V. (2014) Paper Name:- Seismic analysis of building with shear wall on sloping ground. 56 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
57. References:- 7) B. Suresh, P.M.B Raj Kiran Nanduri (Oct-Dec 2012) Paper Name:- Earthquake analysis and design v/s non earthquake analysis and design using STAAD-PRO. 8) S. G. Makarande, Mr. Suyog Bezalwar, Prof. G.D. Dhawale , Prof. M.M. Lohe ,Paper Name:- Study of Analysis and Design of Multi-storied Residential Building. 9) Manoj Patidar , Sagar Jamle (5 may 2020) , Paper Name:- Use of different Grades of Concrete in Shear Wall. 10) Mr. Pathan Irfan khan, Dr. Mrs. N.R. Dhamge (June 2016) Paper Name:- Review Paper On Seismic Analysis Of Multi-storeyed RCC Building Due To Mass Irregularity. 11) Prof. Y. R. Deshmukh, S. P. Jadhav, S. M. Shirsatpaper Name:- A Review on Seismic Analysis of Multistorey Building with Floating Column using STAAD.PRO V8i. 57 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
58. Thank You! 58 D Y Patil College Of Engineering ,Akurdi, Pune
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