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Chapter 1 Introduction to Safety, Security and First Aid (FASS)

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Chapter 1 Introduction to Safety, Security and First Aid (FASS)

  2. 2. SPEAKER PROFILE: MD. SHAIFULLAR RABBI TOURISM EDUCATOR & CONSULTANT Professional Experiences Coordinator & Lecturer- Dept. of Tourism & Hospitality Management, Daffodil Institute of IT(Affiliated National University) Assessor -Bangladesh Technical Education Board (Ticketing and Reservation) Guest Trainer - Sheikh Hasina National Institute ofYouth Development GuestTrainer - ATABTourismTraining Institute GuestTrainer- HB AviationTraining Center Guest Trainer - Bangladesh Hotel Management TourismTraining Institute Former Manager sales - Mamun Air Service (IATA Travel Agency) Founder –Travel Memoria Educational Qualifications MBA & BBA-Major in Tourism & Hospitality Management, University of Dhaka. Certified NTVQF Level -4/Assessor Part (Ticketing And Reservation) Completed Diploma Course in Travel Agency &Tour Operation Management Certified NTVQF Level 2 Course entitled Ticketing & Reservation Certified NTVQF Level 1 Course entitled Tour Guiding
  3. 3. SAFETY Safety is the state of being "safe" (from French sauf), the condition of being protected from harm or other non- desirable outcomes. Safety can also refer to the control of recognized hazards in order to achieve an acceptable level of risk.
  4. 4. KEY DEFINITION OF SAFETY • The condition of being safe from undergoing or causing hurt, injury,or loss • A device (as on a weapon or a machine) designed to prevent inadvertent or hazardous operation • The state of being safe; freedom from the occurrence or risk of injury,danger,or loss. • The quality of averting or not causing injury,danger, or loss. • A contrivance or device to prevent injury or avert danger. • Also called lock, safety catch, and safety lock. a locking or cutoff device that prevents a gun from being fired accidentally. • The action of keeping safe.
  5. 5. TYPES OF SAFETY • Normative: Normative safety is achieved when a product or design meets applicable standards and practices for design and construction or manufacture, regardless of the product's actual safety history. • Substantive: Substantive or objective safety occurs when the real-world safety history is favorable, whether or not standards are met. • Perceived: Perceived or subjective safety refers to the users' level of comfort and perception of risk, without consideration of standards or safety history. For example, traffic signals are perceived as safe, yet under some circumstances, they can increase traffic crashes at an intersection.
  6. 6. SAFETY MEASURES • Chemical analysis • Destructive testing of samples • Drug testing of employees • Examination of activities by specialists to minimize physical stress or increase productivity • Geological surveys to determine whether land or water sources are polluted, how firm the ground is at a potential building site, etc. • Government regulation so suppliers know what standards their product is expected to meet. • Industry regulation so suppliers know what level of quality is expected. • Instruction manuals explaining how to use a product or perform an activity • Instructional videos demonstrating proper use of products • Root cause analysis to identify causes of a system failure and correct deficiencies.
  7. 7. SAFETY MEASURES • Internet safety or Online Safety is protection of the user's safety from cyber threats or computer crime in general. • Periodic evaluations of employees, departments, etc. • Physical examinations to determine whether a person has a physical condition that would create a problem. • Process safety management is an analytical tool focused on preventing releases of highly hazardous chemicals. • Safety margins/Safety factors. • Self-imposed regulation of various types. • Implementation of standard protocols and procedures so that activities are conducted in a known way.
  8. 8. SAFETY MEASURES • Statements of ethics by industry organizations or an individual company so its employees know what is expected of them. • Stress testing subjects a person or product to stresses in excess of those the person or product is designed to handle, to determining the "breaking point". • Training of employees,vendors,product users • Visual examination for dangerous situations such as emergency exits blocked because they are being used as storage areas. • Visual examination for flaws such as cracks, peeling, loose connections. • X-ray analysis to see inside a sealed object such as a weld, a cement wall or an airplane outer skin.
  9. 9. SECURITY Security is freedom from, or resilience against, potential harm (or other unwanted coercive change) caused by others. Beneficiaries (technically referents) of security may be of persons and social groups, objects and institutions, ecosystems or any other entity or phenomenon vulnerable to unwanted change.
  10. 10. KEY DEFINITION OF SECURITY The quality or state of being secure: such as • freedom from danger : SAFETY • freedom from fear or anxiety • freedom from the prospect of being laid off job security  An instrument of investment in the form of a document (such as a stock certificate or bond) providing evidence of its ownership Something that secures : PROTECTION • measures taken to guard against espionage or sabotage, crime, attack,or escape • an organization or department whose task is security
  11. 11. MAIN FOCUS OF SECURITY • Security of Men • Security of Materials • Security of Information
  12. 12. CATEGORY OF SECURITY IT realm Security • Communications security • Computer security • Internet security • Application security • Data security • Digital security • Information security • Network security • Endpoint security
  13. 13. PHYSICAL SECURITY • Airport security • Corporate security • Food security • Environmental security • Home security • Infrastructure security • Physical security • Port security/Supply chain security • Security bag • Security print • Border Security • Security seal
  14. 14. POLITICAL SECURITY • National security • Public security • Homeland security • Internal security • International security • Human security
  15. 15. MONETARY SECURITY • Economic security/financial security • Social security
  16. 16. CONTEXTS OF SECURITY • Computer security • Corporate security • Ecological security • Food security • Home security • Human security • National security
  17. 17. SECURITY CONCEPTS • Access control - the selective restriction of access to a place or other resource. • Assurance - an expression of confidence that a security measure will perform as expected. • Authorization - the function of specifying access rights/privileges to resources related to information security and computer security in general and to access control in particular. • Countermeasure - a means of preventing an act or system from having its intended effect. • Defense in depth - a school of thought holding that a wider range of security measures will enhance security
  18. 18. SECURITY CONCEPTS • Exploit (noun) - a means of capitalizing on a vulnerability in a security system (usually a cyber-security system). • Identity management - enables the right individuals to access the right resources at the right times and for the right reasons. • Resilience - the degree to which a person, community, nation or system is able to resist adverse external forces.
  19. 19. SECURITY CONCEPTS • Risk - a possible event which could lead to damage, harm, or loss. • Security management - identification of an organization's assets (including people, buildings, machines, systems and information assets), followed by the development, documentation, and implementation of policies and procedures for protecting these assets. • Threat - a potential source of harm. • Vulnerability - the degree to which something may be changed (usually in an unwanted manner) by external forces.
  20. 20. FIRST AID • First aid is the first and immediate assistance given to any person suffering from either a minor or serious illness or injury, with care provided to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, or to promote recovery. It includes initial intervention in a serious condition prior to professional medical help being available, such as performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) while waiting for an ambulance, as well as the complete treatment of minor conditions, such as applying a plaster to a cut. First aid is the first and immediate assistance given to any person suffering from either a minor or serious illness or injury, with care provided to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, or to promote recovery. It includes initial intervention in a serious condition prior to professional medical help being available, such as performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) while waiting for an ambulance, as well as the complete treatment of minor conditions, such as applying a plaster to a cut.
  21. 21. FIRST AID IS PROVIDEDWITH THE AIMS TO • Preserve life • Prevent further harm • Promote recovery
  22. 22. THE THREE PS OF FIRST AID • Preserve life- The overriding aim of all medical care which includes first aid, is to save lives and minimize the threat of death. First aid done correctly should help reduce the patient's level of pain and calm them down during the evaluation and treatment process. • Prevent further harm- Prevention of further harm includes addressing both external factors, such as moving a patient away from any cause of harm, and applying first aid techniques to prevent worsening of the condition, such as applying pressure to stop a bleed becoming dangerous. • Promote recovery- First aid also involves trying to start the recovery process from the illness or injury, and in some cases might involve completing a treatment, such as in the case of applying a plaster to a small wound.
  23. 23. SETTING THE PRIORITIES • Catastrophic bleeding (massive external bleeding) • Airway (clearing airways) • Breathing (ensuring respiration) • Circulation (internal bleeding) • Disability (neurological condition) • Environment (overall examination,environment)
  24. 24. TRAINING PRINCIPLES Basic principles, such as knowing the use of adhesive bandage or applying direct pressure on a bleed, are often acquired passively through life experiences. However, to provide effective, life-saving first aid interventions requires instruction and practical training. This is especially true where it relates to potentially fatal illnesses and injuries, such as those that require CPR; these procedures may be invasive, and carry a risk of further injury to the patient and the provider. As with any training, it is more useful if it occurs before an actual emergency, and in many countries, emergency ambulance dispatchers may give basic first aid instructions over the phone while the ambulance is on the way.
  25. 25. TYPES OF FIRST AID WHICH REQUIRE TRAINING • Aquatic/Marine first aid • Battlefield first aid • Hyperbaric first aid • Oxygen first aid • Wilderness first aid • Mental health first aid
  26. 26. PHYSICAL CONDITIONS THAT OFTEN REQUIRE FIRST AID • Altitude sickness, which can begin in susceptible people at altitudes as low as 5,000 feet, can cause potentially fatal swelling of the brain or lungs. • Battlefield first aid—this protocol refers to treating shrapnel, gunshot wounds, burns and bone fractures as seen either in the traditional battlefield setting or in an area subject to damage by large-scale weaponry,such as a bomb blast. • Bone fracture, a break in a bone initially treated by stabilizing the fracture with a splint. • Burns, which can result in damage to tissues and loss of body fluids through the burn site. • Cardiac Arrest, which will lead to death unless CPR preferably combined with an AED is started within minutes. • Choking, blockage of the airway which can quickly result in death due to lack of oxygen .
  27. 27. PHYSICAL CONDITIONS THAT OFTEN REQUIRE FIRST AID • Childbirth • Diving disorders • Heart attack, or inadequate blood flow to the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle. • Heat stroke, also known as sunstroke or hyperthermia, which tends to occur during heavy exercise in high humidity, or with inadequate water, though it may occur spontaneously in some chronically ill persons. • Heat syncope, another stage in the same process as heat stroke, occurs under similar conditions as heat stroke and is not distinguished from the latter by some authorities. • Heavy bleeding, treated by applying pressure (manually and later with a pressure bandage) to the wound site and elevating the limb if possible.
  28. 28. PHYSICAL CONDITIONS THAT OFTEN REQUIRE FIRST AID • Hypothermia, or Exposure, occurs when a person's core body temperature falls below 33.7 °C (92.6 °F). • Insect and animal bites and stings. • Joint dislocation • Poisoning, which can occur by injection, inhalation, absorption, or ingestion? • Stroke, a temporary loss of blood supply to the brain. • shock and Electric shock- electrical injury • Toothache, which can result in severe pain and loss of the tooth but is rarely life-threatening, unless over time the infection spreads into the bone of the jaw and stats osteomyelitis. • Wounds and bleeding, including lacerations,incisions and abrasions
  29. 29. FIRST AID KITS A first aid kit consists of a strong, durable bag or transparent plastic box. They are commonly identified with a white cross on a green background. A first aid kit does not have to be bought ready-made. The advantage of ready-made first aid kits is that they have well organized compartments and familiar layouts.
  30. 30. CONTENTS • Information leaflet • Medium sterile dressings • Large sterile dressings • Bandages • Triangular dressings • Safety pins • Adhesive dressings • Sterile wet wipes • Micro porous tape • Nitrile gloves • Face shield • Foil blanket • Burn dressings • Clothing shears • Conforming bandages • Finger dressing • Antiseptic cream • Scissors • Tweezers
  31. 31. PROPER HANDWASHING TECHNIQUE • Completely wet your hands and generously apply soap. • Rub vigorously for at least 20 seconds • Rinse your hands with plenty of running water. • Dry your hands with a towel or air dryer.
  32. 32. THANKYOU ALL