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Revista SEPED

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Revista SEPED | english version | sep17

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Revista SEPED

  1. 1. Secretariat of Policies and Programs of Research and Development Science, Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Development MINISTRY OF SCENCE, TECHNOLOGY, INNOVATION AND COMMUNICATION
  2. 2. Secretariat of Policies and Programs of Research and Development Created in the year 2000, the Secretariat of Policies and Programs of Research and Development (SEPED) is responsible for designing, iimplementing and managing Brazil’s policies and programs aimed at promoting scientific and technological development as well as fostering innovation. The Secretariat's strategic objectives and scope of activities are in line with the National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy. SEPED works together with the other units of the Ministry towards the expansion, consolidation and integration of the Innovation, Science and Technology National System. One of the cornerstones of its role is to support knowledge production and technological development across the country in order to reduce regional disparities and to promote social inclusion. Since 2016, the Secretariat comprises three Directorates and nine General Coordination units and focuses on Water, Food and Energy security, bioeconomy, biotechnology, health, climate change, geosciences, human and social sciences, sustainable cities, popularization of science, social and assistive technologies, among others areas. SEPED STRUCTURE The Secretariat’s mission is to plan and articulate strategic R&D policies and programs, geared towards the expansion, consolidation and integration of the Innovation, Science and Technology National System, aiming to expand the frontiers of knowledge and to foster the development of new products, processes and services. MISSION: SEPED POPULARIZATION OF SCIENCETECHNOLOGY EXTENSION BIOMES HEALTH AND BIOTECHNOLOGY BIOECONOMY CLIMATE OCEANS, ANTARCTICAAND GEOSCIENCE APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCE AND HUMANITIES DEPIS DEPPC DEPPD DEPARTMENT OF POLICIES AND PROGRAMS FOR SOCIAL INCLUSION DEPARTMENTOFPOLICIESANDPROGRAMSOFS CIENCE DEPARTMENTOF POLICIESANDPROGRAMSOFDEVELOPMENT Secretariat of Policies and Programs of Research and Development
  3. 3. SEPED and Sustainable Development Goals (ODS) In 2015, the United Nations Member States committed to implementing a universal and integrated agenda entitled "Transforming Our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development". Brazil, through the Federal Government, must guide articulated and integrated actions to internalize and embody the 2030 Agenda, which contains 17 Sustainable Development Objectives (SDOs). The internalization of SDOs provides for the adaptation of the 169 global goals to the Brazilian reality and the definition of national indicators aligned with the global ones. SEPED has promoted initiatives aimed at enhancing ST & I contributions to achieve ODS-related goals. Integrated actions involving researchers, public managers and entrepreneurs have been carried out in the search for solutions to the environmental, economic and social challenges that are part of the 2030 Agenda. It is noteworthy that the planning of the Secretariat's policies and programs has also been guided by the SDOs, taking into consideration their relationship with the National ST & I Strategy and its Plans of Action (under construction), as well as with the Multi-Year Plan (PPA). http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/blog/2015/12/sustainable-development-goals-kick-off-with-start-of-new-year/
  4. 4. Secretariat of Policies and Programs of Research and Development SEPED Focus Areas
  5. 5. FOCUS AREAS AS RELATED TO THE UNDP SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS Technology Extension The development and reapplication of social technologies aimed at technology transfer and the promotion of technological extension activities for productive and social inclusion forms the foundation that allows for having Science and technology as a tool for promoting social development. To this end, we implement a number of policies and programs, such as the support of Vocational Technology Centers, units that are directed primarily towards providing technological extension activities, with emphasis on local economic strengths and potential; the development of Assistive Technologies that foster improvements in the quality of life for people with disabilities; and promoting Food Security and Nutrition aimed at providing adequate and safe food for the population.
  6. 6. Popularization of Science Public communication of science and actions that promote social appropriation of scientific knowledge are relevant for the development of citizenship and help develop society´s scientific and technological skills. In this context, the Secretariat promotes and finances activities for the popularization of science through programs dedicated to non-formal education, such as the creation and improvement of museums and science centers, as well as support to science fairs and science Olympiads. These initiatives are developed in close partnership with universities, research institutions, and governmental organisms and are directed at children, students, and the general population. The main goal is to create and disseminate a scientific and technological culture among the Brazilian people and contribute to improve the quality of science teaching in schools. FOCUS AREAS AS RELATED TO THE UNDP SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS
  7. 7. Applied Social Science and Humanities FOCUS AREAS AS RELATED TO THE UNDP SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS The evolution of society has demanded the adoption of new paradigms and innovations in public policies that allow for the holistic understanding of current problems and for the adoption of transdisciplinary actions which have greater impact potential. Applied Social Science and Humanities have a fundamental role in the adequate comprehension of the changes which our society is undergoing, offering an important contribution to the process of transition to new development models that are more inclusive and sustainable. We support multifocal initiatives and pilot projects involving, for example, traditional peoples, sustainable urbanization, human rights and others societal challenges. We prioritize innovative methodologies, solutions and approaches with state of the art technologies to contribute to the scientific and technological development of the country.
  8. 8. Climate FOCUS AREAS AS RELATED TO THE UNDP SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS The understanding of the global climate system and its relation with socioeconomic development, as well as the influence of human activity as a driver of climate change, is pivotal for the adoption of measures to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation to climate change. Our work consists of supporting scientific research and providing information on climate variability and the impacts, risks and vulnerabilities associated to climate change. Results from these efforts, together with data on domestic greenhouse gas emissions, are needed for decision-making processes aiming at guaranteeing water, energy and food security, as well as compliance with the commitments taken on by Brazil on international forums on this issue.
  9. 9. Oceans, Antarctica and Geoscience FOCUS AREAS AS RELATED TO THE UNDP SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS To further the research in the oceans, Antarctica and the geosphere, monitoring the climate, the health of oceans and our biodiversity is central to understanding how life is possible on Earth and to develop technologies that generate economic wealth minimizing harm to the planet. Our initiatives include: Direct Brazilian Research in the Oceans and Antarctica, provide liaison with foreign researchers and major global programs. Our work ranges from the selection of research projects to be supported to the management of research marine vessels. We also develop Brazil’s research strategy related to marine biotechnology, fisheries and aquaculture, abysses and energy generation from the oceans, among others. All these initiatives have a single goal: to know how to better manage these resources.
  10. 10. Bioeconomy FOCUS AREAS AS RELATED TO THE UNDP SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS Bioeconomy emerges as a result of a revolution derived from innovations based on the biological sciences. It is directly linked to invention, development and use of biological products and processes, as well as to sustainable services, oriented to the solution of problems in various areas, especially those related to ensuring water, energy and food security. The worldwide growth potential of Bioeconomy is due to population increase and its aging and to the need to enhance the offer of food supply, health, energy, drinking water, among others. With that in mind, we contribute to the formulation of public policies and to the definition of strategies regarding scientific and technological development of Bioeconomy, aiming at the establishment of an agenda committed to expanding research and innovation, with the participation of government, industrial and academic units and representatives from the civil society.
  11. 11. Biomes FOCUS AREAS AS RELATED TO THE UNDP SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS Brazil is the country with the largest biodiversity on earth. To know all species existing in its territory it is essential to conserve and to promote the sustainable use of its biodiversity. Therefore, the work on Biomes contributes to make better public policies and strategies, aiming at knowing and monitoring this biodiversity. It also seeks to better characterize relevant elements of ecosystems, either in physical or in biotic environment, as well as to better understand how time, space and social dynamics interact for an adequate sustainable use of natural resources within Brazilian biomes. Moreover, the work on biomes also supports the creation of models which aim at setting forth adequate relations among environmental factors and biodiversity, without disregarding changes in the fauna and flora.
  12. 12. Health and Biotechnology FOCUS AREAS AS RELATED TO THE UNDP SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS One of the major drivers of the national economy is the growing demand for food and products for health. Under this focus area, the Secretariat contributes with the development of policies and to the definition of strategies to promote scientific and techno- logical development in Health, Biotechnology and Agriculture. In Health, one of the greatest challenges is the development of tech- nologies to effectively prevent and control emergent and re-emer- gent diseases and the development of new medicines, vaccines and other health products that would increase national autonomy in this sector. To promote national Agriculture, it is essential to develop new technologies that allow increased sustainable production with low environmental impact. In Biotechnology, we would highlight the importance of knowledge production and the incremental de- velopment of products, processes and services based on the sus- tainable application of the national biodiversity and on the integra- tion of new biotechnologies in specific applications for Health, Agri- culture, the environment and Industry.
  13. 13. Secretariat of Policies and Programs of Research and Development Selected Initiatives
  14. 14. Sistema de Registro Nacional de Emissões The National Emissions Registry System (referred to as SIRENE in Portu- guese), is a computer system developed by the Ministry of Science, Technol- ogy, Innovations and Communications (MCTIC), which aims to publish the outcomes of the National Inventory of Anthropogenic Emissions by Sources and Removals by Sinks of Greenhouse Gases Not Controlled by the Montreal Protocol, as well as to disclose information related to other initiatives related to emissions quantification, such as the Annual Estimates of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and the Biennial Update Report. Enriquecimento por CO2 ao Ar Livre AmazonFace – The program has the objective to assess the fertilization poten- tial of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the possible increase of photosynthesis, water-use efficiency, destination of additional carbon in leafs, trunk and roots, changes in the biological community’s composition and impacts on stocks of carbon and other soil nutrients. GEF Mata Atlântica – the project deals with the recovering and protection of climate and biodiversity services in areas considered sensitive in the southern Atlantic Forest corridor. The project aims at fostering complementary actions to state efforts in order to capture and keep carbon stocks and to promote natural forests regeneration. SiBBr (Information System on Brazilian Biodiversity) – The project was estab- lished to create a web platform to gather and make available the largest data and information amount on Brazilian biodiversity. The project aims at supporting scientific production, public policies and decision making processes related to environmental conservation and sustainable use of natural resources through fortering digitalization, virtual publishing, free access and integration data and public use of the information gathered and generated. PROANTAR The Brazilian Antarctic Program – PROANTAR supports research which aim to increase the knowledge of Antarctic phenomena and its influence on issues of global and regional relevance. The logistical component is carried out by the Interministerial Commission for Marine Resources (CIRM), linked to the Navy (Ministry of Defense). BIOTECSUR is a MERCOSUR platform on biotechnology that mobilizes and coordinates private and public agents to solve global and regional sustain- ability problems. This platform is internationally renowned for its efficiency in the production of competitive biotechnological goods, services and processes. Brazilian Argentinean Biotechnology Centre – CBAB is a regional integration program that colaborates to consolide the cooperation between Brazil and Argentina, by rising knowledge basis, according to both countries' priorities in biotechnology. This program promotes the scientific and technological development in common activities in both countries. Prediction and Research Moored Array Project in Tropical Atlantic – PIRATA is a multinational cooperation program between Brazil, France and the United States, constituted by an in situ observation network of moored buoys planned to monitor a series of ocean-atmosphere interaction variables in the Tropical Atlantic Ocean. This monitoring will allow: the assessment of the impact of the ocean in the climate variability of Brazil; the implementation of a monitoring and observation system of the oceans; and the technological development and innovation to tackle the effects of climate change. GEF Sustainable Cities - Integrated Approach Pilot focused on sustainable urbanization with simultaneous implementation in 23 cities in 11 countries. It involves the development of state of the art urban planning tools and piloting innovative technologies for mobility, sanitation and clean energy, with the creation of the Sustainable Cities Innovation Observatory - SCIO. This initiative is linked to Global Platform for Sustainable Cities, maintained by the World Bank.
  15. 15. SiMCosta, the Brazilian coastal monitoring system is a network of instru- ments that monitor the oceanographic and meteorological variables along the Brazilian coast in continuous flow. Programa de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento das Biotecnologias no MERCOSUL BIOTECH II is a collaborative initiative between European Union and Mercosul, and intends to promote the Biotechnology development in Mercosul. Its specific objective is consolidate the Biotecsul Platform for promoting the regional Biotechnology development. Plataforma Regional de Métodos Alternativos do MERCOSUL Regional Platform to Alternative Methods to Animal Experimentation – PReMASUL, aims to train human resources, promote research, development and validation of new methods, beyond creating a laboratorial competence in Mercosul, in order to provide services to the industry. The National Science and Technology Week – established by the June 9th, 2004 decree – takes place in every month of October under the coordina- tion of the MCTIC. State and County Secretaries, development agencies, Science and Cultural spaces, teaching and research institutions, Scientific societies, schools, government agencies, Technology-based companies and civil society entities also contribute to this event. Its objective is to approxi- mate the Science and Technology to the population, promoting events that congregate hundreds of institutions in order to execute activities of Scien- tific divulgation all over the country.The main idea is to present Science and Technology to the population in a playful and accessible manner, utilizing innovative means that stimulate the curiosity and Scientific attitude, that motivate discussions about the social implications of Science and that also contribute to the population’s understanding of the universe in which it is inserted and to the reach of its full citizenship. FIP/MCTIC - This is one of the many projects which are located under the Forest Investment Program or, simply, FIP.The worldwide FIP Projects aim at contributing to the adaptative capacity of the forest sector as to avoid climate changes, fostering poverty reduction levels, protecting and conserving the biodiversity as well as preserving the rights of traditional and originary people. Among the many FIP projects stands the FIP/MCTIC which is called “Development of systems to prevent forest fires and monitor vegetation cover in the Brazilian Cerrado”. The project was conceived and managed by MCTIC and has a triple expected botton line: to strengh Brazilian institutional capacities on monitoring the vegetation cover and deforeta- tion of the Cerrado, to make information broadly available on forest fire risks and also to contribute to GEE emission estimations originated by fire burnings and defor- estation within the biome. Centro Vocacional Tecnológico Vocational Technological Centers are, apart from professionalization and educational unities, facilities aimed to technological and scientific knowl- edge diffusion access, of practical proficiency in technical services and the technological knowledge transference in areas of activity. National Communications of Brazil to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change – The National Communication of Brazil is a document that the country has committed to submit on a regular basis to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This document provides the country’s overview and priorities related to development as well as future measures or action taken in relation to mitigation and adaptation to climate change while also presenting scientif- ic knowledge on impacts, risks and vulnerabilities to climate change in Brazil. It includes the Brazilian Inventory of Anthropogenic Emissions by Sources and Removals by Sinks of Greenhouse Gases Not Controlled by the Montreal Protocol. The Observatory for Innovation in Biotechnology – OIB, will dinamize the relatioship between Science, Technology and Innovation, by mobilizing and supporting the installed competences in research centres and industry. The OIB will be a key tool to prospect scenarios, challenges and opportuni- ties, beyond providing essential real time information, in order to follow and stimulate the development of biotecnology in Brazil.
  16. 16. Secretariat of Policies and Programs of Research and Development Thematic Networks
  17. 17. Rede de Residuos Contaminantes Residue and Contaminants Network – The Residue and Contaminants in Prod- ucts of Animal and Plant Origin Network aims integrate the actions on R,D&I in analyses and essays of residues and contaminantes in products with animal or plant origin, destinated to consumption and processing, contributing to the National Plan for The Control of Residues and Contaminants, and other official programs. Rede Temática de Pesquisa em Modelagem Ambiental da Amazônia Thematic Research Network in Amazon Modeling - GEOMA. The main objec- tives of this Network are: to develop computer-based models able to foresee ecological and socioeconomic dynamics at different geographical scales, within a sustainability perspective; to support decision-making at local, regional and national levels, by providing simulation and modelling tools; and to contribute in human resources capacity building at MSc and PhD levels. In order to develop new approaches of the sustainability concept, leading to computer-based models, the GEOMA Network adopts a cross-disciplinary perspective, by integrating researchers holding experience in geographic information systems, mathematical & computer-based modelling, remote sensing, ecology, meteorology, geography, computer science, among others. National Center of Reference in AssistiveTechnology.The Center aims to guide a network of research centers in public universities, establish guidelines and articulate the performance of the scientific and technological production centers, and expand the number of assistive technology products, available in Brazil. Rede de Pesquisas para o Uso Sustentável e Conservação do Cerrado ComCerrado Network. The network's proposal is to strengthen education and research institutions operating in the Cerrado, through the interaction between consolidated and emerging research groups, such as the implemen- tation of network regional units in the different states covered by the Cerrado Biome. Actions include analyzing the process of Cerrado’s occupation and land-use, as well as consequences on biodiversity and ecosystems’ function- ing; developing appropriate science and technology for conservation and sustainable use of natural resources, as well as supporting public policies. Created to support the structuring of the bamboo productive chain in Brazil. It is composed of 7 Regional Bamboo Technology Centers acting in areas such as cultivation, taxonomy, biorefineries, composites, civil construction and remediation, among others. Programa de Pesquisa em Biodiversidade The Biodiversity Research Program – PPBio, aims to promote biological diver- sity related research, capacity-building & training of human resources, institu- tional strengthening in research and development, in accordance with National Biodiversity Policy Guidelines.
  18. 18. The Global Network of Institutíons of Leaming, Research and Extension on Nutrition, Food and Nutrition Sovereignty and Security (NutriSSAN), has the objective to integrate institutions in a collaborative network, share and disseminate scientific, technical and technological knowledge in Food and Nutritional Security (SAN), through the elaboration and application of inter- sectoral and participatory public policies in the different Regions and Conti- nents. Rede Brasileira de Centro de Recursos Biológicos Brazilian Biological Resources Centres Network – CRB-Br aims to linkage the Brazilian institutions that have renowed competence, in order to offer biological materials as well as reliable information abouth them. Northeast Biotechnology Network – RENORBIO focuses on Brazilian North- east and it aims stablish and stimulate critical mass of professionals in the region, with competence in Biotechnology and correlated areas, to carry out R&D&I projects that help the regional progress, using the state of the art in terms of tools and scientific competence. West Central Network of Postgraduate, Research and Innovation – PRO-CEN- TRO-OESTE - this network aims to support and consolidate the human resources training, and to produce scientific, technologicalan innovation knowledge, promoting the regional sustainable development, in order to conserve and responsible use the natural resources of Cerrado and Pantanal biomes. Rede de Biodiversidade e Biotecnologia da Amazônia Legal Legal Amazon Biodiversity and Biotechnology Network – BIONORTE – The network aims to linkage competences to carry out R&D&I projects and human resources training, focusing in biodiversity and biotechnology, in order to generate knowledge, processes and produtcts for the sustainable of Legal Amazon. The Marine Biotechnology Research Network purpose is to foster the sustain- able use of the biotechnological potential of the marine organisms present in the coastal and transitional zones and in maritime areas under the jurisdic- tion and national interest, focusing on the development of knowledges, absorption of technologies and the promotion of innovation, in areas of human health, environment, agriculture and industry. The Brazilian Research Network on Global Climate Change (referred to as Rede Clima in Portuguese) is an important pillar of support to Research and Development activities set out by the National Plan on Climate Change in order to meet the national demands related to knowledge on climate change, including production of information for the drafting of public policies.
  19. 19. Secretary for Policies and Programs of Research and Development Jailson Bittencourt de Andrade Head of Cabinet Claudia Silva Prates França General Coordination for Implementation and Monitoring of Project Marcos Alberto Barbosa de Carvalho Department of Policies and Programs for Social Inclusion Sônia da Costa General Coordination of Popularization of Science Leda Cardoso Sampson Pinto General Coordination of Technology Extension Janesca Alban Roman Department of Policies and Programs of Science Sávio Tulio Oselieri Raeder General Coordination of Oceans, Antarctica and Geoscience Andrei de Abreu Sodré Polejack General Coordination of Climate Márcio Rojas da Cruz General Coordination of Applied Social Science and Humanities Flávio Fonte-Boa Department of Policies and Programs of Research and Development Fábio Donato Soares Larotonda General Coordination of Bioeconomy Bruno Cesar Prodoscimi Nunes General Coordination of Health and Biotechnology Luiz Henrique Mourão de Canto Pereira General Coordination of Biomes Andrea Ferreira Portela Nunes Updated september 2017 Secretariat of Policies and Programs of Research and Development
  20. 20. mctic @mctic mctic.gov.br Secretaria de Políticas e Programas de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento Esplanada dos Ministérios Bloco E - 2º andar - Sala 218 70067-900 - Brasília - DF E-mail: seped@mctic.gov.br Tels.:(61) 2033-8128 /8015 http//www.mctic.gov.br