Bibliotecas, Defensoria, Promocion y la Agenda 2030 de las Naciones Unidas
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Presentacion hecha durante la reunion de la Seccion de Latinoamerica y el Caribe de IFLA, la Seccion de Manejo de Asociaciones de Bibliotecas, y el programa de Fortalecimiento de Asociaciones Bibliotecarias en Panama en abril de 2016.
Reconocido en la Agenda 2030
El mayor acceso a la información y
el conocimiento, sustentado por la
alfabetización universal, es un pilar
esencial del desarrollo sostenible.
Acceso a la Información
16.10 Garantizar el acceso
público a la información y
proteger las libertades
fundamentales, de conformidad
con la legislación nacional y los
Objetivo 16: Promover sociedades pacíficas e
inclusivas para el desarrollo sostenible, proveer
acceso a la justicia para todos y construir
instituciones efectivas, responsables e inclusivas
en todos los niveles.
Uganda: La Biblioteca Nacional de Uganda
tiene un programa de formación en TICs
diseñado para agricultoras, que proporciona
acceso a las previsiones meteorológicas,
precios de las cosechas y apoyo para
establecer mercados en línea en los
idiomas locales. Este programa aumenta el
bienestar económico de las mujeres a
través de destrezas tecnológicas .
Beyond Access (2012) Empowering Women and Girls Through ICT at Libraries http://beyondaccess.net/wp-
5. Igualdad de Género
Europa: 250.000 personas encuentran
trabajo a través de su biblioteca pública
en la Unión Europea cada año. El acceso
público a TICs y destrezas permite a las
personas a solicitar puestos de trabajo ya
que el proceso de solicitud para todos los
puestos de trabajo se hace en línea.
Public Libraries 2020 (2014) See the numbers http://www.publiclibraries2020.eu/content/see-numbers
8. Trabajo Decente y Crecimiento
Inglaterra: El Proyecto de Archivos en Peligro
de la Biblioteca Británica tiene como objetivo
contribuir a la conservación del material de
archivo que está en peligro de destrucción,
abandono o deterioro físico mundialmente.
Dentro de sus objetivos, el proyecto digitaliza y
coloca a la disponibilidad materiales de una
gran variedad de países y frequentemente le
permite a países y bibliotecas con menos
fondos el preservar y salvaguardar su
11. Ciudades y Comunidades
Moldova: Las bibliotecas están contribuyendo a
Alianzas para Gobierno Abierto (Government
Partnership (OGP)), una plataforma entre el gobierno,
la sociedad civil y empresarial para impulsar
compromisos para Gobierno Abierto y la rendición de
cuentas. Los bibliotecarios asisten a las reuniones de
la sociedad civil para ayudar a desarrollar un plan de
acción nacional del país, y para incluir el papel de las
bibliotecas como un partidario de acceso a la
16. Paz y Justicia
• IFLA will continue to
• Build capacity of
IFLA will release first
DA2I reportIFLA advocates for
2012 2014 20152013
• Financing for
• IFLA joins TAP Network
• Interventions at IGNs
• Releases toolkit
• Responds to zero-draft
• Advocates for G16
statement on Libraries
• Lyon Declaration
• IFLA engages at UN
La ruta para la Agenda 2030
In this second part, I will focus on the action that you can take in your country, or in your own library.
Lyon Declaration on Access to Information and Development
To support our advocacy, IFLA led the creation of the Lyon Declaration on Access to Information and Development in 2014. The Lyon Declaration signatories calls upon the Member States of the United Nations to make an international commitment to use the post-2015 development agenda to ensure that everyone has access to, and is able to understand, use and share the information that is necessary to promote sustainable development and democratic societies.
More than 570 institutions and associations from within and beyond the library sector, including development agencies, media organisations, gender, ICT and education campaigners have signed, making the Lyon Declaration the most successful campaign of its type that IFLA has ever undertaken. The Declaration, along with full signing instructions, is available at http://www.lyondeclaration.org/
Thank you to everyone who signed on, wrote statements in support of the Declaration, and organised sessions on this theme during the congress.
Since 2003, IFLA has engaged with WSIS and the MDGs
The United Nations is negotiating a new post-2015 development agenda to succeed the Millennium Development Goals. The agenda will outline a new set of Goals to be reached by all countries by 2030, the Sustainable Development Goals.
The 2030 Agenda will help all UN Member States focus their attention on poverty eradication, climate change, and the development of people. Libraries can support many aspects of its vision and the supporting SDGs. Libraries are key public institutions which have a vital role to play in furthering development on every level of society.
Increasing access to information and knowledge across society, assisted by the availability of information and communications technologies (ICTs), supports sustainable development and improves people’s lives. Therefore, IFLA has been advocating over the past two years to ensure that access to information, ICTs and culture are included as part of the post-2015 development agenda.
IFLA engagement in coalitions and UN processes
IFLA has consultative status at many of the UN agencies and is uniquely positioned in the library community to engage with these processes.
IFLA has been represented at each of the UN Open Working Group and Intergovernmental Negotiation meetings throughout 2014-2015 in New York which have developed the components of the post-2015 development agenda: the SDGs, declaration, means of implementation and monitoring and follow up processes. IFLA has worked in coalition with other civil society organisations including Article 19, CIVICUS, Development Initiatives, Beyond Access and cultural organisations. IFLA is a steering committee member of the Transparency, Accountability and Participation Network (TAP Network), a coalition of 120 civil society organisations.
To advance the role of culture in the SDGs, IFLA is a signatory and coalition partner of the Culture 2015 declaration. Past President Ellen Tise represented IFLA at the World Culture Forum in 2013 in Bali, Indonesia and the UNESCO World Forum on Culture and the Cultural Industries, 2-4 October 2014 in Florence, Italy; Governing Board member Glòria Pérez-Salmerón attended the UCLG Culture Summit on Culture and Sustainable Cities, 18-20 March 2015 in Bilbao, Spain. Culture is essential to safeguard cultural and natural heritage to ensure sustainable development.
On 2 August 2015, after more than three years of negotiations and intense involvement from many stakeholders, including IFLA, the Member States of the United Nations agreed to a final version of the post-2015 Development Agenda – now known as 2030 Agenda.
The new 2030 Agenda is a framework of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with a total of 179 Targets spanning economic, environmental and social development. They lay out a plan for all countries to actively engage in making our world better for its people and the planet.
The official version of the post-2015 Development Agenda will be adopted by Heads of State upon during the United Nations Summit in New York, September 25-27 2015.
IFLA welcomes the 2030 Agenda and is pleased to see access to information, universal literacy, safeguarding of cultural and natural heritage, as well as access to Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) strongly represented across it. We are particularly pleased to the see the strong mention of access to information in Target16.10:
“Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements”
Why does IFLA want to see Access to Information included in the post-2015 development framework?
Information is fundamental for development – and libraries support this
Information promotes better decision-making, helps people learn new skills
Information helps people exercise their rights
Information promotes accountability
As outlined in the Lyon Declaration on Access to Information and Development, to fully realise access to information, everyone needs access and skills to effectively use information. Information intermediaries such as libraries have the skills and resources to help governments, institutions and individuals communicate, organise, structure and use information and data for development.
You’ve heard that we have a specific target that we’ve advocated for, on Access to Information. But there are also many other areas across the entire set of Goals where libraries make an important contribution to development.
In total there are 17 Goals, 169 Targets
And, eventually around 2 indicators per target = 300?
All to be implemented, fully, by 2030
This agenda is Integrated, cross-cutting
Vision of the world in 2030. Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Global Action
Sustainable Development Goals (17 goals, 169 targets)
Indicators (to be agreed March 2016)
Means of Implementation
Who is going to pay, and how much it will cost.
Follow-up and review
How will we know which countries are on track in meeting the Goals.
It’s over to you
As you can see, we have been very active over the past two years and we have worked closely with many of you in the room today. Now, we are turning it over to you. Already some countries are developing their national development plans. Other countries will start this work after the goals begin on 1 January 2016. We encourage all of you to think about how libraries and access to information can make a difference in your country – and to advocate to your government representatives to recognise the contribution libraries make.
How we will organise this Q&Asession:
We will spend the next hour going through the goals and inviting your questions and feedback, and examples of where libraries are already contributing to development. To help me in asking and answering the questions, I”d like to invite Governing Board Member Loida Garcia-Febo and Stuart Hamilton to join me on the stage. You can address your questions to any one of us.
5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
11.4 Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage
16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements
Together with the DA2I report, we plan to continue engaging in the process and providing advice for members. As you can see in the red line there are still a lot of moving parts and processes yet to come after the SDGs have been decided.