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Building Health Skills 2.1
Health Skills: specific tools and strategies
to maintain, protect, and improve all
aspects of your health
Health Skills are also known as Life Skills
*Communication Skills (next slide)
HEALTH SKILL BENEFIT TO YOUR HEALTH
Communication Share ideas/feelings, listen when
Refusal Say no to unhealthy behaviors
Conflict Resolution Resolve problems (+)
Accessing Information Locate valid
Analyzing Influences Influence:media,tech, peers, culture
Practicing Healthful Behaviors Reduce risks and protect yourself
Stress Management Healthy ways to reduce/manage
Advocacy Work to improve personal health and
Decision Making Use step-by-step process to evaluate
options for healthy decisions
Goal Setting Set goals and develop action plan to
exchange of thoughts, feelings, and
beliefs between two or more
Helps build strong relationships
Use “I” messages to express your feelings
Ex: I feel upset when I am left out of our
Communicate with respect and care.
Calm voice, respectful tone
Be an active listener
Pay attention while others are talking
Refusal Skills: communication strategies
that can help you say no when you are
urged to take part in behaviors that are
unsafe or unhealthful, or that go against
Examples of Refusal Skills
Say “NO” in a firm but calm voice.
Explain Why. State your feelings
Offer Alternatives. Suggest a safe/healthful
Stand your Ground. Do not give in.
Leave if Necessary.
Conflict Resolution: process of
ending a conflict through
cooperation and problem solving.
*In a compromise, both parties give
up something but still gain a desired
Why do you do the things you do?
School and Community
Self-Management: taking charge of your
own health to promote your own well-being
Practice healthful behaviors
Stress: The reaction of the body
and mind to everyday challenges
Stress Management Skills:
skills that help you reduce and
manage stress in your life.
Examples: exercise, relaxation
techniques, time management
Advocacy: taking action to influence
others to address a health-related
concern or to support a health-related
Name examples of how to advocate?
Making Responsible Decisions
and Setting Goals 2.2
Making decisions and settings
You are now taking responsibility
in determining your life’s purpose
Small vs. Big
What do I eat today vs. What college will I
Values: ideas, beliefs, and attitudes about
what is important that help guide the way
Decision Making Process
P- Parent Approval
6 steps of Decision Making
1. State the Situation
2. List the Options
3. Weigh the Possible Outcomes
4. Consider Values
5. Make a decision and Act on it
6. Evaluate the Decision
Goals: Something you aim for through
planning and work.
Types of Goals:
Short Term- a goal you can reach in a short
amount of time.
Long-Term- goal you plan to reach over an
extended period of time.
Reaching your Goals
Action Plan: a multi-step strategy to
identify and achieve your goals.
Being a Health-Literate
Health Consumer: someone who
purchases or uses health products or
services (to make informed buying
Advertising: written or spoken media
message designed to interest consumers
in purchasing a product or service
Hidden Messages in
Example: Group of people using a
product or service
Hidden Message: Everyone is using it, and
you should too
Rich and Famous
Example: Product displayed in expensive
Hidden Message: It will make you feel rich
Example: Redeemable coupons for
Hidden Message: It’s too good a deal to
Example: Scenes of nature
Hidden Message: If it’s associated with
nature, it must be healthy
Example: People smiling and laughing
Hidden Message: The product will add fun
to your life
Example: People for whom a product has
Hidden Message: It worked for them, so it
will work for you too
Comparison shopping: judging the
benefits of different products by
comparing several factors, such as
quality, features, and cost.
Cost and Quality
Resolving Consumer Problems
Consumer Advocates: people or
groups whose sole purpose is to
take on regional, national, and
even international consumer issues.
Local, state, and federal
government agencies work to
protect consumer rights.
Malpractice: failure by a health
professional to meet accepted
Health Fraud: the sale of worthless
products or services that claim to
prevent disease or curve other
‘secret formula’, ‘miracle cure’,
‘overnight results’, ‘all natural’, ‘hurry,
this offer expires soon’.
Health Fraud Protection
Ask a health professional or Doctor
Talk to family and friends
Check with Better Business Bureau
Check with a health organization