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Ayubia national park.pptx

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Ayubia national park.pptx

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  2. 2. 2 Submitted by: Laraib Naeem Roll No: 8005 Submitted to: Ma’am Anita Bano
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES  Introduction  Why called National Park?  Purpose of park  History  Climate  Wildlife of Ayubia; Flora and Fauna  Management and Developmental project  Activities prohibited in the National Park  Tourism 3
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION • Named after the late Muhammad Ayub Khan • Protected area of 3,312 hectares (8,184 acres) • Located in Abbottabad District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, northern Pakistan • Declared a national park in 1984 • Surrounded by seven villages and three small towns Thandiani, Nathiagali and Khanspur.
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  6. 6. Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Range Himalayas District Abbottabad Location north of Muree ,south of Nathiagali Elevation 8,000 ft (2,438 m) Highest point Miranjani Area 33.12 km2 (13 sq mi) Biomes Temperate coniferous forest, Temperate broadleaf, mixed forest Established 1984 Management Wildlife and Parks Department,GOVT of KPK
  7. 7. WHY IS AYUBIA NATIONAL PARK CALLED A NATIONAL PARK? • According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), a land can only be termed as a national park spread over 1,000 hectares or more. • Non-exploitation of any kind of natural resources. • Conserve wildlife, flora and fauna in their natural setting and habitat. • Ayubia National Park fulfills the criteria set by the IUCN as it is spread over a sprawling 3,312 hectares of land. • Being declared an Eco region, the park also falls under regions classified as Endemic Birds Areas of the world (EBA), recognized by Bird Life International.
  8. 8. Purpose of park  To conserve and protect the representative unit of the moist temperate forest of sub- Himalayan Ecro- region Zone.  To conserve flora and fauna of the area.  To conserve flora and fauna in natural setting and habitat.  To provide opportunities for research and recreation.  To raise awareness amongst the general public. 9
  9. 9. History  Established in 1984 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.  In 1998, expanded form its original size  Since managed by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Wildlife Department.  Originally, the park stood at an area of 857 acres (3.47 km2)  But in 1998 it was expanded to cover an area of 1,685 acres
  10. 10. CLIMATE  cool in the summers, but harsh in the winters  remains only placidly hot in May and June  cold sets in when the monsoons come to lash in late July and early August.  In the winters cold increases in severity gradually.  The park remains snow-capped through the later part of winters. Rainfall: 1,644 mm[7] Temperature: 3 °C - 11 °C[7
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  12. 12. WILDLIFE OF AYUBIA • Provides refuge to the Asiatic leopard and the black bear. • Home of other different mammals and birds • Bird watching is excellent here. • Koklass Pheasant present • Only 30 individuals of Kalij Pheasant known to exist in the park.
  13. 13. WILDLIFE; FLORAL SPECIES • The park holds 104 species of plants. • Around 21 plants belonging to 19 families known for medicinal properties. • Used in treatment of jaundice, stomach ulcers, snake bites, internal infections, diabetes, psoriasis and more. • Some have anti-carcinogenic effect as well. • Some used as biological insecticides and pesticides
  14. 14. FLORAL SPECIES • Deodar (Cedrus deodara) • Bermi (Taxus wallichiana) • Kail (Pinus wallichiana)
  15. 15. FLORAL SPECIES • Ban Khor (Aesculus indica) • Silver fir (Abies pindrow)
  16. 16. FLORAL SPECIES • Vibernum (arrow-wood viburnum) • Kainthi (Indigofera)
  17. 17. WILDLIFE; FAUNA 200 species of Birds 31 species of Mammals 16 species reptiles 3 species of Amphibians 23 species of butterflies 650 species of insects.
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  19. 19. FAUNA;MAMMALS (ENDANGERED ) • Indian Leopard • Leopard Cat
  20. 20. LEOPARD (Endangered )  Top predator of Ayubia National Park.  It is found in the entire park except for the exposed peaks of the Mukshpuri  Listed as endangered in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna  Become extremely rare by early 1980s and had reached the verge of extinction in Galiat and adjoining areas 21
  21. 21. FAUNA;MAMMALS • Masked palm civet • Asian palm civet • Yellow-throated marten
  22. 22. Rhesus macaque Indian porcupine (Macaca mulatta) (Hystrix Indica)
  23. 23. Golden jackal(C.a.indicus) Red fox(V.v.griffithi) 24
  24. 24. Java pipistrelle Central European boar 25
  25. 25. Kashmir flying squirrel Red giant flying squirrel 26
  26. 26. 27 Kashmir field mouse Turkestan Rat
  27. 27. FAUNA;BIRDS Kalij pheasant Koklass pheasant
  28. 28. 29 Spotted dove Great barbet
  29. 29. Golden Eagle Himalayan black-lored tit
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  31. 31. EXTINCT SPECIES During the last five decades, four mammalian species including Selenarctos thibetanus (Black Bear) Moschus moschiferus (Musk Deer) Naemorhedus goral (Grey Goral) Muntiacus muntjak (Barking Deer) 1 bird species Monal pheasant, have been reported extinct from the area.
  32. 32. 34 Causes Direct persecution by human beings Habitat change are the main causes
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  34. 34. MANAGEMENT  Park managed by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Wildlife Department under the 1975 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Wildlife Act.  The headquarters of the park is at Dunga Gali  Situated at a distance of 50 km from Abbottabad and 25 km from Murree. Management Practices  Habitat management  Species management  Study and Research  General access and recreation
  35. 35. DEVELOPMENTAL PROJECTS • “Establishment of Ayubia National Park”, started in 1984-85 and completed in 1988- • “Development of Tourist Facilities in Ayubia National Park” completed between 1994-95 and 1999-2000. • “Mini safari Zoo at Lalazar project” completed between 2003 and 2007. • “Implementation of management plan at Ayubia National Park” completed between 2005 and 2011. • “Biodiversity conservation in Hazara (Umbrella Project)” completed between 2012 and 2014. • “Development and Management of National Parks Khyber Pakhtunkhwa” started in 2015-16
  36. 36. Mini safari lalazar wildlife park 42
  37. 37. Mini safari lalazar wildlife park 43
  38. 38. Activities prohibited in the National Park 1. Hunting, shooting, trapping, killing, or capturing any wild animal 2. Firing any gun or doing any other act which may disturb any animal or bird 3. Felling, lopping, burning, or in any way damaging or destroying any plant or tree in the Park. 4. Clearing or breaking up any land for cultivation, mining, or for any other purpose.
  39. 39. Activities prohibited in the National Park 5. Not to feed animals and birds, and not to trash the place. 6. Polluting water. 7. Grazing by livestock.
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  41. 41. TOURISM  Over 100,000 tourists flock to Ayubia National Park and the places around every year.  It is well known for its picnic spots.  Park features the "Pipeline Walking Track" that runs from Ayubia to Nathiagali  large number of hotels and restaurants around the park.  Riding trails, hiking places, picnic spots and motels, there is a chairlift in Ayubia takes the tourists to a nearby summit called Mukeshpuri for a view of the forested hills.  Chairlift was the first recreation facility and major attraction for domestic tourists. • The famous PTDC motel is located here.
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