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  2. LEARNING OUTCOMES: At the end of the unit, the students are able to: 1. define Physical Education; 2. identify the objectives of Physical Education; and 3. value the importance of Physical Education.
  4. PHYSICAL EDUCATION - A process through which an individual obtains optimal mental, social, and fitness skills through physical activities. -Lumpkin (2002)
  5. PHYSICAL EDUCATION - “Education through or by means of physical activities.” -Ravelo (1972)
  6. PHYSICAL EDUCATION - PE is a planned sequential instruction that promotes lifelong physical activity. It is designed to develop basic movement skills, sports skills, and physical fitness as well as to enhance mental, social and emotional abilities. - Eviza (2007)
  7. PHYSICAL EDUCATION - PE is an integral part of the education program designed to promote the optimum development of an individual physically, emotionally, mentally and socially through total body movements. -Domingo (2008)
  8. OBJECTIVES OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION • Physical development • Social development • Emotional development • Mental development
  9. LEGAL BASIS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION Article 1 of the International Charter of Physical Education and Sports, UNESCO, Paris, 1978 and Recommendation 1, Interdisciplinary Regional Meeting of Experts on Physical Education, UNESCO, Brisbane Austria, 1982. States that: “The practice of Physical Education and Sports is a fundamental right for all..” “And this right should not be treated as different in principle from the right to adequate food, shelter, and medical care.” Article XIV, section 19, 1986 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines –
  10. LEGAL BASIS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION “The State shall promote Physical Education and encourage sports programs, league competitions, and amateur sports including training for international competition to foster self-discipline, teamwork, and excellence for the development of a healthy and alert citizenry.” “All educational institutions shall undertake regular sports activities throughout the country and in cooperation with athletic club and other sectors.”
  11. BASIC PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN COLLEGE The services Physical Education refers to the four subjects given to the freshmen and sophomores in the first four semesters of their college work Physical Education 1: Physical Education and Physical Fitness Test It covers the essentials of physical fitness components and self-testing activities. Physical Education 2: Rhythmic Activities It is focused on the rhythm, fundamental rhythmic activities, dance mixers, local and foreign dances, as well as social dances. Physical Education 3: Individual/Dual Sports/Games It deals with the acquisition of skills on recreational activities such as bowling; table tennis, badminton, track and field events, and to foster love of country, “mga larong lahi” are, likewise given. Physical Education 4: Team Sports/Sports and Aquatics It emphasize the acquisition of the fundamentals of common team sports such as body
  12. VALUES OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION The value of physical education activities are found in the resulting development and adjustment of the individual. Engaging in any activity stimulates in some degree the four types of development although different activities emphasize different amounts. Regular exercise and physical activity are extremely important and beneficial for long-term health and well-being.
  13. Health Benefits of Exercise and Physical Activity 1. Reduce the risk of premature death 2. Reduce the risk of developing and/or from heart disease 3. Reduce high blood pressure or the risk of developing high blood pressure 4. Reduce high cholesterol or the risk of developing high cholesterol. 5. Reduce the risk of developing colon cancer and breast cancer. 6. Reduce the risk of developing diabetes. 7. Reduce or maintain body weight or body fat. 8. Build and maintain healthy muscles, bones, and joints. 9. Reduce depression and anxiety. 10. Improved psychological well-being. 11. Enhance work, recreation, and sports performance.
  14. THE FOUR TYPES OF DEVELOPMENT 1. ORGANIC This is the development of power and endurance of the heart, lungs, heat-regulating mechanism, and digestive and eliminating organs. These various organs gain power and stamina from use. 5 2. NEUROMASCULAR The development of skills and coordination required in the mastery of life’s varied activities can be directly attributed to physical education; also to the development of strength in the skeletal muscles used in such coordination.
  15. 3. INTERPRETIVE This type of development strengthens thinking, interpreting, and problem-solving processes of the individual. It starts with the explanatory play of infancy and childhood and continues through all physical education activities. 4. EMOTIONAL The development and maturing of impulses and emotions through activities which give them expression under natural controls such as officials, rules, traditions, and the person’s desire to stay in the game and play are inherent in team sports where fear, anger, joy, and other powerful emotions are experienced.
  16. Here is a list of words with their origins and meaning: Apparatus – from the Latin word “apparare”, to prepare; a device or, a group of devices used for a particular purpose Anthropomorphic – from the Greek words “anthropikos”, human being and “morphic”; having a specified shape form Calisthenics – from the Greek words “kalos” beautiful and “sthenos” for strength; exercises without the use of any apparatus Coordination – from the Latin word “ordinatus”, to arrange; the harmonious functioning of muscles or groups of muscles in the execution of movements. Cardiovascular - from the Greek word “kardio”, heart, and the Latin word “vasculum”, relating to or involving the heart and the blood vessels Exercise – from the Latin words “ex” and “arcere”, to restain; bodily exertion for the sake of keeping the organs and functions in a healthy state
  17. Flexibility - from the word “flexus”; to bend Gymnastics - from the Greek word “gumnos” or sometimes “gymnos”, naked. Gymnasium – from the Greek word “gumnasion” or “gumnazein” meaning to exercise naked; a place where Greek youth exercised. Kinesiology – from the Greek words “kinesis”, movement and –ology fro branch of learning. Baron Nils Posse was the first to coin this word in relation to his Swedish gymnastics Pedagogue – from the Greek words “padio”, boy and “agogos”, leader. It now means a school teacher or an educator. It was literally a slave who supervised children and took them to and from school. Pedagogy – from the Greek “see above”; the art or profession of teaching. Physical Education – from the Latin word “physica”, physics and “education”; the training of the bodily organs and powers with a view to the promotion of health and vigor. Physiology – from the Greek words “phusio”, nature and –ology branch of learning; the branch of the biological science dealing with the processes and functions of an organism. In Physical Education it is mainly Human Physiology which applies to a study of the functions of the organs and tissues in man.
  18. IMPORTANCE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION Through regular exercises, physical fitness helps the individual: in the proper growth of young bones and muscles; improve the ability to avoid and recover from illnesses and accidents; improve posture and appearance by strengthening muscles that support the body minimize stress response; maintain proper body weight; Prevent heart ailment; improve organic functions; delay the aging process; feel good and younger as a human being, and experience joy of participation in any recreational or sports activities.
  19. ACTIVITY 1 Essay. How Physical Education affects your daily lives? • Use yellow paper/bond paper in answering the question. • Take a photo of your answer and send it to your assigned FOLDER in Google drive.