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Architectural Words and Definitions

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This Presentation is discussing the definitions of these words in architecture:
Proportion / Progression / Rhythm / Contrast / Geometry / Focal Point / Dominance / Continuity / Consistency

Publicada em: Design
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Architectural Words and Definitions

  1. 1. Copyright © Wondershare Software Architectural Words And Definitions The University Of Jordan Prepared by : Khaled Almusa
  2. 2. Copyright © Wondershare Software Architectural Words And Definitions • Proportion • Progression • Rhythm • Contrast • Geometry The University Of Jordan • Focal Point • Dominance • Continuity • Consistency
  3. 3. Copyright © Wondershare Software Proportion The University Of Jordan Proportion : A correspondence among the measures of the members of an entire work, and of the whole to a certain part selected as standard. Proportion refers to the proper or harmonious relation of one part to another or to the whole. While the designer usually has a range of choices when determining the proportions of things, some are given to us by the nature of materials, by how building elements respond to forces, and by how things are made.
  4. 4. Copyright © Wondershare Software Here is an example about how we use Proportion in buildings interfaces : The University Of Jordan
  5. 5. Copyright © Wondershare SoftwareThe University Of Jordan Taj Mahal - IndiaExample :
  6. 6. Copyright © Wondershare Software Example From Jordan-Amman Shmaisani The University Of Jordan
  7. 7. Copyright © Wondershare Software Rhythm Rhythm : Movement characterized by a patterned repetition or alternation of formal elements or motifs in the same or a modified form. The University Of Jordan Rhythm refers to any movement characterized by a patterned recurrence of elements or motifs at regular or irregular intervals. The movement may be of our eyes as we follow recurring elements in a composition, or of our bodies as we advance through a sequence of spaces. In either case, rhythm incorporates the fundamental notion of repetition as a device to organize forms and spaces in architecture.
  8. 8. Copyright © Wondershare Software Some examples about the Rhythm from Ching’s Book : The University Of Jordan Rhythm created by connecting points in space Contrasting rhythms Horizontal and vertical rhythms
  9. 9. Copyright © Wondershare Software Here is an example : Stone towers by Architect Zaha Hadid in Cairo-Egypt The University Of Jordan
  10. 10. Copyright © Wondershare Software Example From Jordan-Amman The University Of Jordan Alshmaisani
  11. 11. Copyright © Wondershare Software Geometry Geometry : an area of research which combines applied geometry and architecture, which looks at the design, analysis and manufacture processes. Geometry is all about shapes and their properties. From geometry we know the regular shapes to be the circle, and the infinite series of regular polygons that can be inscribed within it. Of these, the most significant are the primary shapes: the circle, the triangle, and the square. The University Of Jordan
  12. 12. Copyright © Wondershare Software Geometry is based on the primary shapes Primary shapes Circle Triangle Square The University Of Jordan
  13. 13. Copyright © Wondershare SoftwareThe University Of Jordan Library and Learning Centre -ViennaExample :
  14. 14. Copyright © Wondershare Software Example From Jordan-Amman The University Of Jordan Habiba – Almadina Almonawara Street
  15. 15. Copyright © Wondershare Software Progression Progression: Steady improvement, as of a society or civilization. To work on the new building progressed at a rapid rate and to advance toward a higher or better stage.(it is the steps that a building goes through to become what you see in the final construction) Progressive, reverberating patterns of forms and spaces can be organized in the following ways: • in a radial or concentric manner about a point • sequentially according to size in a linear fashion • randomly but related by proximity as well as similarity of form The University Of Jordan
  16. 16. Copyright © Wondershare SoftwareThe University Of Jordan Three ways to organize reverberating patterns of forms and spaces In a radial or concentric manner about a point Sequentially according to size in a linear fashion randomly but related by proximity as well as similarity of form
  17. 17. Copyright © Wondershare SoftwareThe University Of Jordan Burj KhalifaExample :
  18. 18. Copyright © Wondershare SoftwareThe University Of Jordan Example From Jordan-Amman Jordan Bank
  19. 19. Copyright © Wondershare Software Contrast Contrast:A principle of art. When defining it, art experts refer to the arrangement of opposite elements (light vs. dark colors, rough vs. smooth textures, large vs. small shapes, etc.) in a piece so as to create visual interest, excitement and drama. Contrast: Opposition or juxtaposition of dissimilar elements in a work of art to intensify each element’s properties and produce a more dynamic expressiveness. The University Of Jordan
  20. 20. Copyright © Wondershare Software The colors white and black provide the greatest degree of contrast. Complementary colors also highly contrast with one another. An artist can employ contrast as a tool, to direct the viewer's attention to a particular point of interest within the piece. The University Of Jordan
  21. 21. Copyright © Wondershare Software Example : Los Angeles The University Of Jordan
  22. 22. Copyright © Wondershare Software Example From Jordan-Amman Fitness First Makka street The University Of Jordan Gardens Street
  23. 23. Copyright © Wondershare Software Continuity Continuity: An uninterrupted succession or flow; a coherent whole. Some of its synonyms logical sequence, cohesion, or connection. searched for continuity in the forms we see within our field of vision. If any of the primary solids is partially hidden from our view we tend to complete its form and visualize it as if it were whole because the mind fills in what the eyes don’t see. In a similar manner, when regular forms have fragments from their volumes, they retain their formal identities if we perceive them as incomplete wholes. We refer to these mutilated forms as subtractive forms. The University Of Jordan
  24. 24. Copyright © Wondershare Software Continuity reduces the separateness of the parts. Continuity concentrates on smooth transitions. Continuity reduces the independence of the elements and focuses on the largest element of the whole, while reducing focus on the other independent elements. The University Of Jordan
  25. 25. Copyright © Wondershare Software LEVI - FINLANDExample : Notes : 1) No closed shapes. 2) It looks like the infinity The University Of Jordan
  26. 26. Copyright © Wondershare Software Focal point Focal point :element which first catches the attention of the viewer , ( visual starting point which will begin the journey of recognizing the whole architecture work ). Focal point is an important principle of design that relates to the vertical weight of an architectural composition. The University Of Jordan
  27. 27. Copyright © Wondershare SoftwareThe University Of Jordan We can notice that most of the Masjeds and Churches have a Focal Point ! For Example :
  28. 28. Copyright © Wondershare Software Another Example : Blossoming - Dubai The University Of Jordan
  29. 29. Copyright © Wondershare Software Example From Jordan-Amman Makka Street The University Of Jordan
  30. 30. Copyright © Wondershare Software Dominance Dominance: An important principle of design that relates to the visual weight of an architectural composition. The University Of Jordan A form or space may dominate an architectural composition by being significantly different in size from all the other elements in the composition. Normally, this dominance is made visible by the sheer size of an element. In some cases, an element can dominate by being significantly smaller than the other elements in the organization, but placed in a well-defined setting.
  31. 31. Copyright © Wondershare Software Blue Mosque - IstanbulExample : The University Of Jordan
  32. 32. Copyright © Wondershare Software Example From Jordan-Amman The University Of Jordan Fitness First Makka street
  33. 33. Copyright © Wondershare Software Consistency : the stability in structure. An architectural structure depends on consistency in which it has to be stable with a specific repetition. We usually sense consistency when we look at a specific structure and we feel density with in the structure itself. Architects use this principle to help them construct the front interfaces of buildings and houses. Consistency: the stability in structure. An architectural structure depends on consistency in which it has to be stable with a specific repetition. We usually sense consistency when we look at a specific structure and we feel density with in the structure itself. Architects use this principle to help them construct the front interfaces of buildings and houses. . The University Of Jordan
  34. 34. Copyright © Wondershare Software Example : Dubai The University Of Jordan
  35. 35. Copyright © Wondershare Software Example From Jordan-Amman Alshmaisani The University Of Jordan
  36. 36. Copyright © Wondershare Software Thank You! The University Of Jordan

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