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Art Integrated Project on Forest and Wildlife of Assam and Rajasthan

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Art Integrated Project on Forest and Wildlife of Assam and Rajasthan

  1. 1. Science Project Topic : Session-2021-22 Submitted to : Sonali Kar Mam Submitted by : Keshav Kumar Kurdia
  2. 2. I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to my teacher as well as our principal who gave me the opportunity to do this wonderful project on the topic “ ’’ Which help me in doing a lot of research and I know about so many new thing I am really thankful to them. Secondly I would also like to thank my parents and friends who helped me a lot in finalizing this project within the limited time frame.
  3. 3. Index • What is Forest and Wildlife • Flora and Fauna of Assam and Rajasthan • Forest products of Assam and Rajasthan • Endemic and Endangered Species of plants, animals, birds, etc. of Assam and Rajasthan. • National park and wildlife sanctuary of Assam and Rajasthan.
  4. 4. What is Forest and Wildlife Forests and wildlife are most important assets of our nature. It is very essential for our survival. It provides fresh oxygen, medicines, wood, fruit, etc. We share this planets with millions of others living beings and together we form and ecological system. It is characterized by Interdependence. India is one of the world’s richest countries in the term of its vast array of biological diversity, and has nearly 8% of the total number of species in the world. Over 81000 species of fauna & 47000 species of flora are found in this country.
  5. 5. Assam is gifted with varieties of flora and fauna including world famous the Great Indian One Horned Rhino, Pigmy Hog, Royal Bengal Tiger. The birds found in Assam includes Greater Adjutant Stork, White winged wood duck, Bengal Florian. There are also other trees like the beautiful Lagerstroemia flosreginae with its mauve coloured flowers, the Hill Clerodendrum. The numerous water bodies are rich reservoirs of food (including fish) and thousands of migratory birds, representing over 100 species, visit the park seasonally from as far afield as Siberia.
  6. 6. Rajasthan has a rich and varied flora and fauna. The natural vegetation is classed as Northern Desert Thorn Forest. The most prolific vegetation seen in this state is Kejri or prosopis cineraria. This is found majorly in arid zone. Creeper, shrubs, herbs and bushes dot the shallow wetland landscape in Eastern Rajasthan. Khejri and babul are seen in Keoladeo National Park. Many migratory birds also visit Rajasthan. The prominent among these is Siberian Crane that travels more than 6000 km to reach Bharatpur. In Keoladeo National Park, more than 375 bird species can be spotted.
  7. 7. Forests provide numerous natural resources for the industry. 1. Plywood, veneer, pulp and paper, safety match box making etc. by the wood of forest. 2. Timber, bamboo, cane etc. are the main useful products from the forests of Assam. 3. Cane furniture of Assam was world famous. 4. Paper mill is also important for Assam. Timber used to be the main product of forests in Assam and other north eastern states. 5. The important non-timber products are honey, gum, resin, dye, tannin, latex, wild edible seeds, fruits, nuts, flowers.
  8. 8. 1. The major forest products of Rajasthan are gola wood, building wood, and fuelwood. 2. These produce are governed under the forest Act 1927. 3. Based on this act, Forest produce can be divided into several categories. 4. From the point of view of usage, forest produce can be categorized into three types: 5. Non-timber forest products [NTFPs] are known also as minor forest produce (MFP) or non- wood forest products (NWFP). o Timber. o Non-Timber. o Minor Minerals.
  9. 9. Endemic plants which occur in a restricted area. Altogether 165 species of plants have been recorded. These include trees e.g. Acacia gageana, Adiantum assamicum, Alseodaphne andersonii, Alseodaphane khasyana. Similarly Endemic animals which occur in a restricted area. Many species of animals have been recorded. Rinos, elephant, tiger, pigmy hog, hispid hare, Assamese Macaque, etc. From all available account following categories of threatened plants and animals recognized by the IUCN have been reported from Assam. Besides the above; 284 species of plants are observed to be critically endangered, 180 species of mammals, including rare and endangered species like the great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, the royal Bengal tiger.
  10. 10. Name Location Area (km^2) Amsang Wildlife Sanctuary Guwahati 78.64 Bherjan-Borajan-Padumoni Wildlife Sanctuary Tinsukia 7.22 Borail Wildlife Sanctuary Cachar and Dima Hasao 326.25 Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary Udalguri 26.22 Bura Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary Sonitpur 44.06 Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary Dhubri and Kokrajhar 45.57 East Karbi-Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary Karbi Anglong 222.81
  11. 11. Name Location Area(km^2) Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary Kota 80.75 Sita Mata Wildlife sanctuary Pratapgarh 422.94 Todgarh Raoli Wildlife Sanctuary Rajsamand 495.27 Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary Karauli 676.38 Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Rajsamand 608.58 Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary Bundi 252.79 Phulwari Ki Nal Wildlife Sanctuary Udaipur 692.68
  12. 12. Name Location Area(km^2) Kaziranga National Park Golaghat, Nagaon, Sonitpur and Biswanath district 914 Manas National Park Chirang and Baksa district 500 Nameri National Park Sonitpur district 200 Dibru-Saikhowa National Park Dibrugarh and Tinsukia district 340 Orang National Park Darrang and Sonitpur district 78.80 Raimona National Park Kokrajhar district 422
  13. 13. Name Location Area(km^2) Ranthambore National Park Sawai Madhopur 282 Desert National Park Jaisalmer and Barmer districts 3162 Keoladeo Ghana National Park Bharatpur 28.73 Mukundra Hills National Park Kota 200.54 Sariska National Park Alwar 273.8
  14. 14. India is rich in Biodiversity While doing this project, I gain knowledge about the biodiversity of Assam and Rajasthan. Forest conservation support life on earth. It maintains quality of water and air, the basic essentials of existence of life. Stability in soil is possible by trees, enables the land based plants and animals to live. From their biodiversity grows wealth in the form of food, medicines, essential for human health. It acts as Carbon sinks absorbing Carbon dioxide and keeps global warning at body. Forests influence climate and educe extremes of temperature. They conserve soil and regulate moisture and stream flow. It prevents soil erosion and floods. Forests also supply raw materials to so many industries like pulp-paper, news print, saw milling, matches, medicinal herbs. We should conserve wildlife For protecting the huge variety of species (biodiversity)To maintain natural beauty Some wildlife is necessary for the survival of the animals We depend upon wildlife for food, clothing, medicines and many other products.

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