Art Integrated Project on Forest and Wildlife of Assam and Rajasthan
Submitted to :
Sonali Kar Mam
Submitted by :
Keshav Kumar Kurdia
I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to my teacher as well as
our principal who gave me the opportunity to do this wonderful project on
the topic “ ’’
Which help me in doing a lot of research and I know about
so many new thing I am really thankful to them.
Secondly I would also like to thank my parents and friends
who helped me a lot in finalizing this project within the limited time frame.
• What is Forest and Wildlife
• Flora and Fauna of Assam and Rajasthan
• Forest products of Assam and Rajasthan
• Endemic and Endangered Species of plants, animals, birds, etc. of
Assam and Rajasthan.
• National park and wildlife sanctuary of Assam and Rajasthan.
What is Forest and Wildlife
Forests and wildlife are most important assets of our nature. It is very essential for our survival.
It provides fresh oxygen, medicines, wood, fruit, etc. We share this planets with millions of
others living beings and together we form and ecological system. It is characterized by
Interdependence. India is one of the world’s richest countries in the term of its vast array
of biological diversity, and has nearly 8% of the total number of species in the world.
Over 81000 species of fauna & 47000 species of flora are found in this country.
Assam is gifted with varieties of flora and fauna including world famous the Great Indian One
Horned Rhino, Pigmy Hog, Royal Bengal Tiger. The birds found in Assam includes Greater
Adjutant Stork, White winged wood duck, Bengal Florian. There are also other trees like the
beautiful Lagerstroemia flosreginae with its mauve coloured flowers, the Hill Clerodendrum.
The numerous water bodies are rich reservoirs of food (including fish) and thousands of
migratory birds, representing over 100 species, visit the park seasonally from as far afield as
Rajasthan has a rich and varied flora and fauna. The natural vegetation is classed as Northern
Desert Thorn Forest. The most prolific vegetation seen in this state is Kejri or prosopis cineraria.
This is found majorly in arid zone. Creeper, shrubs, herbs and bushes dot the shallow wetland
landscape in Eastern Rajasthan. Khejri and babul are seen in Keoladeo National Park. Many
migratory birds also visit Rajasthan. The prominent among these is Siberian Crane that travels
more than 6000 km to reach Bharatpur. In Keoladeo National Park, more than 375 bird species
can be spotted.
Forests provide numerous natural resources for the industry.
1. Plywood, veneer, pulp and paper, safety match box making etc. by the wood of forest.
2. Timber, bamboo, cane etc. are the main useful products from the forests of Assam.
3. Cane furniture of Assam was world famous.
4. Paper mill is also important for Assam. Timber used to be the main product of forests in
Assam and other north eastern states.
5. The important non-timber products are honey, gum, resin, dye, tannin, latex, wild edible
seeds, fruits, nuts, flowers.
1. The major forest products of Rajasthan are gola wood, building wood, and fuelwood.
2. These produce are governed under the forest Act 1927.
3. Based on this act, Forest produce can be divided into several categories.
4. From the point of view of usage, forest produce can be categorized into three types:
5. Non-timber forest products [NTFPs] are known also as minor forest produce (MFP) or non-
wood forest products (NWFP).
o Minor Minerals.
Endemic plants which occur in a restricted area. Altogether 165 species of plants have been recorded. These include
trees e.g. Acacia gageana, Adiantum assamicum, Alseodaphne andersonii, Alseodaphane khasyana.
Similarly Endemic animals which occur in a restricted area. Many species of animals have been recorded. Rinos,
elephant, tiger, pigmy hog, hispid hare, Assamese Macaque, etc.
From all available account following categories of threatened plants and animals recognized by the IUCN have been
reported from Assam. Besides the above; 284 species of plants are observed to be critically endangered, 180 species
of mammals, including rare and endangered species like the great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, the royal Bengal
Name Location Area (km^2)
Amsang Wildlife Sanctuary Guwahati 78.64
Borail Wildlife Sanctuary Cachar and Dima Hasao 326.25
Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary Udalguri 26.22
Bura Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary Sonitpur 44.06
Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary Dhubri and Kokrajhar 45.57
East Karbi-Anglong Wildlife
Karbi Anglong 222.81
Name Location Area(km^2)
Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary Kota 80.75
Sita Mata Wildlife sanctuary Pratapgarh 422.94
Todgarh Raoli Wildlife Sanctuary Rajsamand 495.27
Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary Karauli 676.38
Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Rajsamand 608.58
Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife
Phulwari Ki Nal Wildlife Sanctuary Udaipur 692.68
Name Location Area(km^2)
Kaziranga National Park Golaghat, Nagaon, Sonitpur and
Manas National Park Chirang and Baksa district 500
Nameri National Park Sonitpur district 200
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park Dibrugarh and Tinsukia district 340
Orang National Park Darrang and Sonitpur district 78.80
Raimona National Park Kokrajhar district 422
Name Location Area(km^2)
Ranthambore National Park Sawai Madhopur 282
Desert National Park Jaisalmer and Barmer districts 3162
Keoladeo Ghana National Park Bharatpur 28.73
Mukundra Hills National Park Kota 200.54
Sariska National Park Alwar 273.8
India is rich in Biodiversity While doing this project, I gain knowledge about the biodiversity of Assam and
Rajasthan. Forest conservation support life on earth. It maintains quality of water and air, the basic
essentials of existence of life. Stability in soil is possible by trees, enables the land based plants and
animals to live. From their biodiversity grows wealth in the form of food, medicines, essential for human
health. It acts as Carbon sinks absorbing Carbon dioxide and keeps global warning at body. Forests
influence climate and educe extremes of temperature. They conserve soil and regulate moisture and
stream flow. It prevents soil erosion and floods. Forests also supply raw materials to so many industries
like pulp-paper, news print, saw milling, matches, medicinal herbs. We should conserve wildlife For
protecting the huge variety of species (biodiversity)To maintain natural beauty Some wildlife is necessary
for the survival of the animals We depend upon wildlife for food, clothing, medicines and many other
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