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Earth and environmental science review part 3 of 4

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Earth and environmental science review part 3 of 4

  1. 1. Earth and Environmental Science Review Part 3 of 4 Kella Randolph, M. Ed. Hopetoun_falls.jpg (3072×2048) (wikimedia.org)
  2. 2. Which result is most likely to occur after excessive withdrawal of groundwater in coastal areas? As the freshwater is removed, there will be an intrusion of saltwater into the water table. https://media.springernature.com/m685/springer- static/image/art%3A10.1038/s41598-017-01362- 7/MediaObjects/41598_2017_1362_Fig1_HTML.jpg https://i0.wp.com/esircworldwide.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/a-ESIRC-WORLDWIDE-GLOBAL-WATER-QUESTIONS-AND-ANSWERS- DEPLETION-OF-AQUIFER-GROUND-SALT-WATER-INTRUSION.jpg?resize=700%2C413&ssl=1
  3. 3. Water has to go somewhere Excessive rain will cause an increase in runoff and infiltration in an area. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/80/ Surface_water_cycle.svg/674px-Surface_water_cycle.svg.png https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi a/commons/thumb/b/b0/Runoff.jpg/2 20px-Runoff.jpg
  4. 4. What happens when the marsh is gone? • Marshlands serve as habitat for many life forms. They also help in soaking up extra water and marshlands filter and cleanse water. • Destroying a marsh can lead to decreased filtering of water. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6d/Food_web.gif/350px-Food_web.gif
  5. 5. Temperature increases as altitude increases in both the stratosphere and the thermosphere. What is the main difference between these two layers? the stratosphere • The temperature increases in the stratosphere because ozone absorbs ultraviolet radiation the thermosphere • The temperature increases in the thermosphere because of direct exposure to the sun. https://files.mtstatic.com/site_4334/58248/0?Expires=1558313959&Signature=sKNZJlgQ55-AqYp4ReSYCcK KePXapTNoBcn7TREnvU0GdZOE8-ZvuFY1xpoJDOGvLXtxwQKnwtehiEwJIeGMH~eH-0CmYaO4yfKcRCUDmGM G94b4IR3DHJMw6Ix2TH15mDZW4el197zwE2Rt9ah64xk-RsqNqWzs-tIuiM7i~a0_&Key-Pair-Id=A PKAJ5Y6AV4GI7A555NA http://allexamtips.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/atmosphere-11.jpg
  6. 6. When is it enough? • What would most likely result if more farms were developed along river basins in North Carolina? • Due to runoff from fertilizers, animal wastes and compacting of some of the land, there would be an increase in water pollution. https://publiclab.org/system/images/photos/000/021/250/original/Farm.jpg
  7. 7. Which is a major source of air pollution? small farms raising large numbers of animals such as cows and pigs https://elimufeynman.s3.amazonaws.com/media/uploads/social_studies/dairy_farm.jpg
  8. 8. Which is most often a result of a warm air mass moving over a cooler air mass? The result is often an increase in precipitation https://www.aboutcivil.org/imajes/hydrology_clip_image001_0000.gif https://a1gaurav.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/its-raining2.jpg
  9. 9. Wind speed • Which has the greatest influence on wind speed? • Differences in the density of adjacent air masses cause the wind to blow. Colder air is more dense, and it sinks. Warm air is thinner and it tends to rise. When these two air mases meet, the movement is often in a circular pattern. But sometimes the warmer air simply rises quickly causing an upward draft. http://www.weather.gov.hk/aviat/amt_e/cause/microburst_e.gif https://scioly.org/wiki/images/4/44/SuperCell.png
  10. 10. Weather or Climate? • Joan picked up a brochure on North Carolina and learned the facts listed below. • •It may experience either hot, humid summer conditions or more moderate summer conditions. • •The annual rainfall across the state ranges from 37 to 90 inches. Which aspect of North Carolina was Joan focusing on from the brochure? • climate of North Carolina http://www.punditcafe.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/1-2.png?x10418
  11. 11. Which is least likely to cause changes in global climate? A tsunami event certainly can cause a huge amount of destruction, but it is basically a one time event. The flooding happens in a specific area and not over the entire globe. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-xv37L5EWt_U/UVQuIew7kbI/AAAAAAAASOI/woyns8wlvVc/s1600/tsunami.jpg
  12. 12. Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere Burning coal to produce electricity could increase the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere https://www.mrgscience.com/uploads/2/0/7/9/20796234/_4765953_orig.jpg

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