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The nursing topic that I chose to search is violence towards nurses. I further
enhanced by search by selecting “and” the emergency department. From this search, five
articles resulted. One of the articles I chose to explore in full text is “Conveying caring:
Nurse attributes to avert violence in the ED”. This article researches the attributes nurses
used to help prevent violence in the emergency room. The research found five major
qualities that led to a safer environment including responsiveness, safety, availability,
respect and being supportive. The other article I chose which did not have full text
available is “Violence towards emergency department nurses by patients”. This article is
a study done to evaluate violence by patients towards nurses in two emergency
departments. The study explores the factors leading to workplace violence including
influence of alcohol or drugs and mental illness. The way to go about finding this article
in full text would be to either search another database or sign up for one of the databases
providing full text.
This activity taught me about finding more specific results when limiting the
search. By adding an “and”, “or”, or “not” operator, the ability to receive more specific
results become available. When I first searched simply “violence towards nurses”, thirty-
two articles resulted. The articles ranged from 1987-2013. The articles that resulted
ranged from violence towards nurses in mental health to all fields of nursing as well as an
article about nurses opinion of domestic abuse patients. The search provided different
articles that encompass the terms violence and nurses. While a few of the articles
provided gave information on the topic I am researching, most articles were not of
interest to me. When adding “and” the emergency department, fewer articles appeared.
Only five articles resulted, three full text and two without. Each of the five articles
provided focused on the main topic I am researching. All of the results are pertinent to
my topic and useful to my research. Other ways the “and”, “or”, or “not” operators are
useful include using “not” to exclude a word you do not want to search. For example, if I
am looking for violence towards nurses, however, I do not want to focus on mental health
patients, I simply add “not” mental health. Using these operators greatly limit the search
This search is helpful in preparing to write a brochure on the topic of violence
towards nurses in the emergency department. The search provides me with studies done
and research about the general topic, ways to prevent violence, factors causing violence
towards nurses and more. I am able to choose information from select articles to focus
my brochure on. After reading a few of the articles, I believe I have an idea of how I want
to set my brochure up. The articles provide me with information I am able to add to the
brochure and different areas of the topic to explore.
The quality of the website search is much lesser then the quality of a database
search. When searching a database, all results provided are scholarly articles. On the
search engines Google and Yahoo, a few results are articles, a few are creditable
webpages and some are not. Most of the articles provided on the Google and Yahoo
searches are not available in full text, only the abstract. The two search results I choose to
explore on the search engines are ENA’s “Workplace Violence Research” and Healthcare
Traveler’s “Preventing violence against nurses will take more than legislation”.
ENA or Emergency Nurse’s Association is definitely a creditable source. ENA is an
organization I am part of that allows me to participate in conferences and receive
pertinent information regarding emergency nursing. The website I choose has many
different choices when clicking on the page. First, you are able to take an online course
for workplace violence education. The webpage also gives the option to visit articles
related to the topic through the Journal of Emergency Nursing. The webpage also
provides studies done in 2011 and 2009 on violence against nurses in the emergency
department, tools to help conquer violence, and ENA’s position statement on Violence in
the Emergency Care Setting. There are many different authors involved in the webpage
and different links. The ENA staff and board members also have great authority. There
does not seem to be any sponsorship or bias on the website. For certain information of the
website, a log in and membership is required. The information is all up to date, including
studies done in 2011 and 2009. I would definitely use this information for my brochure.
The other website I choose was Healthcare Traveler. The website is titled
“Preventing violence against nurses will take more than legislation”. My first opinion
when I clicked into this site was that I am not sure this is a reputable source. The article
does have an author, however, no credentials are found on the page. Also, a recent date of
the article is posted. The author cites scholarly work throughout her article, however,
does not have a reference list of where the information came from. The website contains
“pop-ups” for other sites or organizations. I do not believe I would use this article for my
brochure. The database articles and the ENA website are more likely to be used.
Crilly, J., Chaboyer, W., & Creedy, D. (2009). Violence towards emergency department
nurses by patients. Accident and Emergency Nursing, 12(2), 67-73. Retrieved
February 20, 2015, from
Luck, L., Jackson, D., & Usher, K. (2009). Conveying caring: Nurse attributes to avert
violence in the ED. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 15, 205-212.
Retrieved February 20, 2015, from