The Internet of things (IoT) describes physical
objects (or groups of such objects) with sensors,
processing ability, software, and other technologies
that connect and exchange data with other devices
and systems over the Internet or other
Internet of things has been considered
a misnomer because devices do not need to be
connected to the public internet, they only need to be
connected to a network and be individually
•APPANET, the precursor to the
internet, is developed.
•Carnegie- Mellon researchers
connect a vending machine to
the internet so they can
remotely check for cold sodas.
•The first toaster was operated
over the net.
•Term "The internet of things"
was coined by Kavin Ashton
in his presentation to Protor
•LG introduce first smart
•KVMSO is founded and is still
the premier site to find IT
•SRO is founded and
remains the best site on
the internet to price out a
•WordPress is founded
and allows people to
create webpages without
the implementation of
•Facebook is launched at
Harvard, and quickly is
picked up by students at
• The first cat video
hits Youtube on the
year of its launch.
• Microblogging take
hold of the internet
as twitter publicly
• Android phones hits
the market and
cement the mobile
• Google starts
• Smart TV is
• Google lens is
•Amazon releases the Echo,
which sets off a scramble to
enter the smart home hub
•GM, Lyft, Uber and Tesla are
all testing self-driving cars
now. Mirai the first large-
scale IOT attack also takes
•IOT continues to grow as
internet penetration, AI,
Blockchain, edge computing,
and cheap devices and
HOW DOES IOT WORKS?
An IoT ecosystem consists of web-enabled smart
devices that use embedded systems, such as
processors, sensors and communication hardware, to
collect, send and act on data they acquire from their
IoT devices share the sensor data they collect by
connecting to an IoT gateway or other edge device
where data is either sent to the cloud to be analyzed
or analyzed locally.
The devices do most of the work without human
intervention, although people can interact with the
devices -- for instance, to set them up, give them
• IOT DEVICES ARE THE NONSTANDARD
COMPUTING DEVICES THAT CONNECT
WIRELESSLY TO A NETWORK AND HAVE THE
ABILITY TO TRANSMIT DATA, SUCH AS THE
MANY DEVICES ON THE INTERNET OF THINGS
GENERALLY, SENSORS ARE USED IN THE
ARCHITECTURE OF IOT DEVICES.
SENSORS ARE USED FOR SENSING THINGS AND
THE SENSOR ATTAINS A PHYSICAL PARAMETER AND
CONVERTS IT INTO A SIGNAL SUITABLE FOR
PROCESSING (E.G. ELECTRICAL, MECHANICAL,
THE CHARACTERISTICS OF ANY DEVICE OR MATERIAL
TO DETECT THE PRESENCE OF A PARTICULAR
SENSORS IN IOT
1.EFFICIENT RESOURCE UTILIZATION
2.MINIMIZE HUMAN EFFORT: AS THE DEVICES OF IOT INTERACT AND
COMMUNICATE WITH EACH OTHER AND DO LOT OF TASK FOR US,
THEN THEY MINIMIZE THE HUMAN EFFORT.
3.SAVE TIME: AS IT REDUCES THE HUMAN EFFORT THEN IT
DEFINITELY SAVES OUT TIME. TIME IS THE PRIMARY FACTOR WHICH
CAN SAVE THROUGH IOT PLATFORM.
4.ENHANCE DATA COLLECTION
ADVANTAGES OF IOT
1. SECURITY: AS THE IOT SYSTEMS ARE INTERCONNECTED AND
COMMUNICATE OVER NETWORKS. THE SYSTEM OFFERS LITTLE
CONTROL DESPITE ANY SECURITY MEASURES, AND IT CAN BE LEAD
THE VARIOUS KINDS OF NETWORK ATTACKS.
2.PRIVACY: EVEN WITHOUT THE ACTIVE PARTICIPATION ON THE
USER, THE IOT SYSTEM PROVIDES SUBSTANTIAL PERSONAL DATA IN
3.COMPLEXITY: THE DESIGNING, DEVELOPING, AND MAINTAINING
AND ENABLING THE LARGE TECHNOLOGY TO IOT SYSTEM IS QUITE
DISADVANTAGES OF IOT
APPLICATIONS OF IOT
1. Smart City
Not just internet access
to people in a city but to
the devices in it as well –
that’s what smart cities
are supposed to be
Wearables remain a hot
topic in the market,
even today. These
devices serve a wide
range of purposes
ranging from medical,
wellness to fitness.
FEW MORE APPLICATIONS…
Farming is one sector that
will benefit the most from the
Internet of Things. With so
happening on tools farmers
can use for agriculture, the
future is sure promising.
4. Self-driven Cars
We’ve seen a lot about self-
driven cars. The cars use
several sensors and
connected to the Cloud and
the internet to keep
generating data and sending
them to the Cloud for
through Machine Learning.
• THE FUTURE OF IOT IS LOOKING BRIGHT, WITH NEW
TECHNOLOGIES AND ACCESS TO INFORMATION THAT
WE MAY NOT PREVIOUSLY HAVE THOUGHT POSSIBLE.
WE WILL SOON SEE MASSIVE SHIFTS IN HOW OUR
DATA IS REGULATED AND CAN EXPECT BETTER
SECURITY LEGISLATION. IOT WILL CONTINUE TO FORM
THE BACKBONE OF MANY TECHNOLOGIES THAT WILL
CHANGE THE WAY WE ALL LIVE.
FUTURE OF IOT
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