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iot.pptx

  1. 1. INTERNET OF THINGS
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  The Internet of things (IoT) describes physical objects (or groups of such objects) with sensors, processing ability, software, and other technologies that connect and exchange data with other devices and systems over the Internet or other communications networks.  Internet of things has been considered a misnomer because devices do not need to be connected to the public internet, they only need to be connected to a network and be individually addressable.
  3. 3. 1969 •APPANET, the precursor to the internet, is developed. 1982 •Carnegie- Mellon researchers connect a vending machine to the internet so they can remotely check for cold sodas. 1990 •The first toaster was operated over the net. 1999 •Term "The internet of things" was coined by Kavin Ashton in his presentation to Protor & Gamble. 2000 •LG introduce first smart fridge. 2001 •KVMSO is founded and is still the premier site to find IT infrastructure equipment.
  4. 4. 2002 •SRO is founded and remains the best site on the internet to price out a server rack. 2003 •WordPress is founded and allows people to create webpages without the implementation of HTML. 2004 •Facebook is launched at Harvard, and quickly is picked up by students at other universities. 2005 • The first cat video hits Youtube on the year of its launch. 2006 • Microblogging take hold of the internet as twitter publicly launches. 2008 • Android phones hits the market and cement the mobile revolution.
  5. 5. 2009 • Google starts testing self- driven cars. 2011 • Smart TV is introduced. 2013 • Google lens is released. 2014 •Amazon releases the Echo, which sets off a scramble to enter the smart home hub market. 2015 •GM, Lyft, Uber and Tesla are all testing self-driving cars now. Mirai the first large- scale IOT attack also takes place. 2017-2019 •IOT continues to grow as internet penetration, AI, Blockchain, edge computing, and cheap devices and sensor proliferate.
  6. 6. EVOLUTION OF IOT
  7. 7. HOW DOES IOT WORKS?  An IoT ecosystem consists of web-enabled smart devices that use embedded systems, such as processors, sensors and communication hardware, to collect, send and act on data they acquire from their environments.  IoT devices share the sensor data they collect by connecting to an IoT gateway or other edge device where data is either sent to the cloud to be analyzed or analyzed locally.  The devices do most of the work without human intervention, although people can interact with the devices -- for instance, to set them up, give them
  8. 8. • IOT DEVICES ARE THE NONSTANDARD COMPUTING DEVICES THAT CONNECT WIRELESSLY TO A NETWORK AND HAVE THE ABILITY TO TRANSMIT DATA, SUCH AS THE MANY DEVICES ON THE INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT). IOT DEVICES
  9. 9.  GENERALLY, SENSORS ARE USED IN THE ARCHITECTURE OF IOT DEVICES. SENSORS ARE USED FOR SENSING THINGS AND DEVICES ETC. THE SENSOR ATTAINS A PHYSICAL PARAMETER AND CONVERTS IT INTO A SIGNAL SUITABLE FOR PROCESSING (E.G. ELECTRICAL, MECHANICAL, OPTICAL) THE CHARACTERISTICS OF ANY DEVICE OR MATERIAL TO DETECT THE PRESENCE OF A PARTICULAR PHYSICAL QUANTITY. SENSORS IN IOT
  10. 10. 1.EFFICIENT RESOURCE UTILIZATION 2.MINIMIZE HUMAN EFFORT: AS THE DEVICES OF IOT INTERACT AND COMMUNICATE WITH EACH OTHER AND DO LOT OF TASK FOR US, THEN THEY MINIMIZE THE HUMAN EFFORT. 3.SAVE TIME: AS IT REDUCES THE HUMAN EFFORT THEN IT DEFINITELY SAVES OUT TIME. TIME IS THE PRIMARY FACTOR WHICH CAN SAVE THROUGH IOT PLATFORM. 4.ENHANCE DATA COLLECTION 5.IMPROVE SECURITY ADVANTAGES OF IOT
  11. 11. 1. SECURITY: AS THE IOT SYSTEMS ARE INTERCONNECTED AND COMMUNICATE OVER NETWORKS. THE SYSTEM OFFERS LITTLE CONTROL DESPITE ANY SECURITY MEASURES, AND IT CAN BE LEAD THE VARIOUS KINDS OF NETWORK ATTACKS. 2.PRIVACY: EVEN WITHOUT THE ACTIVE PARTICIPATION ON THE USER, THE IOT SYSTEM PROVIDES SUBSTANTIAL PERSONAL DATA IN MAXIMUM DETAIL. 3.COMPLEXITY: THE DESIGNING, DEVELOPING, AND MAINTAINING AND ENABLING THE LARGE TECHNOLOGY TO IOT SYSTEM IS QUITE COMPLICATED. DISADVANTAGES OF IOT
  12. 12. APPLICATIONS OF IOT 1. Smart City  Not just internet access to people in a city but to the devices in it as well – that’s what smart cities are supposed to be made of. 2. Wearables  Wearables remain a hot topic in the market, even today. These devices serve a wide range of purposes ranging from medical, wellness to fitness.
  13. 13. FEW MORE APPLICATIONS… 3. Farming  Farming is one sector that will benefit the most from the Internet of Things. With so many developments happening on tools farmers can use for agriculture, the future is sure promising. 4. Self-driven Cars  We’ve seen a lot about self- driven cars. The cars use several sensors and embedded systems connected to the Cloud and the internet to keep generating data and sending them to the Cloud for informed decision-making through Machine Learning.
  14. 14. • THE FUTURE OF IOT IS LOOKING BRIGHT, WITH NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND ACCESS TO INFORMATION THAT WE MAY NOT PREVIOUSLY HAVE THOUGHT POSSIBLE. WE WILL SOON SEE MASSIVE SHIFTS IN HOW OUR DATA IS REGULATED AND CAN EXPECT BETTER SECURITY LEGISLATION. IOT WILL CONTINUE TO FORM THE BACKBONE OF MANY TECHNOLOGIES THAT WILL CHANGE THE WAY WE ALL LIVE. FUTURE OF IOT

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