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World water day 2019

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This presentation some details about the world water day 2019 leaving no one behind i have given some to motivation to improve water conservation so please share this it's our duty to save the water for future generation.

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World water day 2019

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  2. 2. z WORLD WATER DAY-2019  World water day is observed on March 22nd since 1993 when the United Nations General Assembly declared March 22nd as world day for water  The UN and its member nations devote this day to implement UN recommendations.  In addition to the UN member states, a number of NGOs are promoting clean water and sustainable aquatic habitats.
  3. 3. z WHY WORLD WATER DAY?  The UN hopes that the decade will boost the chances of achieving international water-related goals  For the rapidly urbanizing developing world, safe and affordable water is key to health and livelihoods, as well as meeting the Millenium Development Goals.  This is an unique occasion to bring all the stakeholders together to apply solutions to that work.
  4. 4. z ANNUAL THEMES •1994: Caring for our Water Resources is Everybody's Business •1995: Women and Water •1996: Water for Thirsty Cities •1997: The World's Water: Is there enough? •1998: Groundwater– The Invisible Resource. •1999: Everyone Lives Downstream •2000: Water for the 21st century •2001: Water for Health •2002: Water for Development. •2003: Water for Future. •2004: Water and Disasters. •2005: Water for Life Decade 2005–2015.
  5. 5. z •2006: Water and Culture. •2007: Coping With Water Scarcity •2008: Sanitation •2009: Trans Waters. •2010: Clean Water for a Healthy World •2011: Water for cities. •2012: Water and Food Security •2013: International Year of Cooperation •2014 – Water and Energy •2015 – Water and Sustainable Development •2016 – Better Water, Better Jobs •2017 – Why Waste Water? •2018 – Nature for Water •2019 – Leaving no one behind
  6. 6. z 2019 – Leaving no one behind  The theme of 2019 is about tackling the water crisis by addressing the reasons why so many people are being left behind. Marginalized groups – women, children, refugees, indigenous peoples, disabled people – are often overlooked, and may face discrimination, as they try to access safe water. UN Water asserts that "water services must meet the needs of marginalized groups and their voices must be heard in decision-making processes".
  7. 7. Water Consumption Per Capita
  8. 8. z IMPORTANT USES OF WATER: 1.Water is mainly used for domestic purposes like drinking, cooking, bathing and washing etc. 2. Water is also used for commercial purposes like hotels, theatres, educational institutions, offices, etc. 3. Another important use of water is for irrigation, like agriculture . Almost 60-70 % of the fresh water is used for irrigation. 4.20-30 % of the total fresh water is used for so many industrial operations like refineries, iron and steel, paper and pulp industries. 5. Water is very essential for the sustainance of all the living organisms. 6. Water also plays a key role in sculpting the earth's surface, moderating climate and diluting pollutants.
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  10. 10. z OVER UTILIZATION OF WATER:  The rapid increase in population and industrial growth have increased the demand for water resources. Due to increase of ground water usage,the annual extraction of ground water is in the far excess than the natural recharge EFFECTS: i. Decrease of ground water ii. Ground subsidence iii. Lowering of water table iv. Intrusion of salt water v. Earthquake and landslides vi. Drying up of wells vii. Pollution of water
  11. 11. z Conflicts of water:  Water is so essential for our existence and is fast becoming a scarce resource. Freshwater is considered to be the most issue environmental issue of this century. Nearly 1.2 billion people do not have access to safe drinking water .  Thus due to increase in population and decrease in water resources, conflicts over water starts. CAUSES: 1. Conflict through use 2. Construction of dams or power stations 3. Conflict through pollution
  13. 13. z TECHNIQUES OF CONSERVING WATER 1. Rooftop Rain Water Harvesting:  All of us who directly consume water are the most important stakeholders in managing water. While many of us urbanites use or waste a lot of water, we rarely make an effort to conserve it. Fortunately, the rainwater harvesting method has provided a solution that can be practiced easily in every household. It is a simple model where the roof acting as a catchment for rainfall, which after flowing through a series of filters and pipes is stored in ground-level containers for direct use or recharged into ground water. Given below is a simple formula to calculate the water that can be collected from your rooftop.
  14. 14. z DRIP IRRIGATION  Drip irrigation is a type of micro-irrigation system that has the potential to save water and nutrients by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either from above the soil surface or buried below the surface. The goal is to place water directly into the root zone and minimize evaporation. Drip irrigation systems distribute water through a network of valves, pipes, tubing, and emitters. Depending on how well designed, installed, maintained, and operated it is, a drip irrigation system can be more efficient than other types of irrigation systems, such as surface irrigation or sprinkler irrigation.
  15. 15. z MANAGEMENT OF CONFLICTS OVER WATER:  Efforts are mainly concentrated to enact laws to check these practices to control water pollution.  The conflicts over sharing of river water in the country has been studied by many organizations and several solutions are suggested. The interlinking of rivers has been one such solution.  Demand for Nationalisation of water (rivers) needs serious consideration. Therefore power must be given to National Water Authority and River Basin Authority for equitable distribution of basin water.
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