25 de Jul de 2022

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  1. Presented By : KARISMA DASH B.Pharma Regd no:- 1803253041 Under the guidance of: MS. ITISHREE NAYAK Asst. Professor, department of pharmaceutics( M.Pharma)
  3.  DEFINATION:- Shampoo are probably the most widely used cosmetic products for cleansing hair and scalp in our daily life. Herbal shampoos are the use of traditional ayurvedic herbs for cleansing the hair and scalp like the regular shampoo.  it should effectively and completly remove dandruff, dust , soil, environmental pollutions, excessive sebum and loose corneal cells from the hair . It should be easily removed on rinsing with water.  FUNCTION:- Lubrication, conditioning, hair growth  ADVANTAGES:- No surfactants ,pure and organic ingredients, no side effects, No animal testing.  BENIFITS:- More shine , less hair loss, won’t irritate skin or scalp.
  4. Sutar Manisha et al. formulated a polyherbal shampoo using amla fruit, hibiscus leaf, neem leaf, shikakai fruit, aloe leaf, henna leaf, Retha fruit and evaluated for organoleptic, powder characteristics, dirt dispersion, wetting time, foam test and physical evaluation and considered as safe. Gholamreza Dehghan et al. formulated a herbal conditioner shampoo using fenugreek seeds methanol extract and evaluated for physicochemical properties. It is concluded that the formulated shampoo has a good quality of introducing it to the market. Mohamed Halith et al. formulated herbal shampoo using natural ingredients with tulasi and neem. Both are having anti dandruff action. The study revealed that the anti dandruff activity of Ocimum sanctum and Azadiracta indica against strains of G+ and G- organisms and fungal organisms. Swati Deshmukh et al. formulated a herbal shampoo using aloevera, neem, shikakai, reetha, amla, brahmi and evaluated and concluded as safe.
  5. AMLA:-  Family:- Phyllanthaceae  Synonyms:- Indian gooseberry  Biological name:- Phyllanthus emblica  Chemical constituents:- Ellagic acid ,Gallic acid, chebulinic acid Which also known as Indian gooseberry. It contains Vitamin C considered important to slow the ageing radicals.  USES:- Strengthen the scalp and hair - Reduce Hair Loss - Stimulate Hair Growth
  6. SHIKAKAI:- Family:- Fabaceae Synonyms:- Vimala, Bhuriphena Biological name:- Acacia concinna Chemical constituent:-Citric acid, Tartaric acid, Lactose Uses:- Cleanses Hair - Add more to the shine - Crubs Hair loss - Prevent Lice, Psoriasis & Scabies - Prevents Split ends
  7. Reetha:- Family:- Sapindoceae Synonyms:- Soap nut, Wash nut Biological name:- Sapindus mukorossi Chemical constituents:- Saponins ,Sugar mucilage ,Protein Uses:- Prevents Dryness. - Good for hair growth. - Reetha reduces dandruff. - Prevents the scalp from lice. - Reetha increases the silkness of hair. - Conditions the hair.
  8. Hibiscus:- Family:- Malvaceae Synonyms:- Cotton rose, Roselle, Rose mallow Biological name:- Hibiscus rosa-sinesis Chemical constituents:-Flavonoids, Steroids, Quinones Uses:- Stimulate Hair Growth &Lost hair volume - Conditions hair - Prevents Baldness(Minoxidil & Finasteride) - Treat Dandruff & Itchy Scalp - Prevents Premature greying
  9. Vegetable Gelatine  Family:- Bovidae  Synonyms:-Gelatinum, Puragel  Biological name:- Aquilaria malaccensis lam  Chemical constituents:- Sodium Sulfate, calcium chloride dihydrate,Collagens polypeptide  Uses:- Gives thickness to hairs - For strengthening of hairs. Family:- Rosaceae Synonyms:- Attar of roses, attar Biological name:- rosa centifolia Chemical constituents:- citronellol, geraniol, nerol,linalool, nonadecane Uses:- it repairs hair damage - improves growth of hair - reduces the dandruff - gives fragrance to the shampoo. Rose oil
  10.  "Shampoo is the cleansing preparation of the hair and scalp." Though there are different types of skin cleansers, but the hair cleansing preparations can be grouped into only one category and are called as shampoo. They are basically water based products containing mainly surfactants. it’s Primary function is of cleansing the hair of accumulated sebum, scalp, debris and residues of hair grooming preparations. The herbal shampoo although better in performance and safer than the synthetic ones will be popular with consumers.  OBJECTIVES  1) To formulate the herbal shampoo.  2) To evaluate the herbal shampoo.  3) The part used for formulation is leaves, fruits and root.  4) To reduce side effects of chemical formulation.  5) To improve hairs texture.  6) To darkening the hair colour.
  11. PLAN OF WORK Literature review Selection of Plant Material Phytochemical Analysis of Plant Material Authentication of Plant material Formulation of polyherbal shampoo Evaluation of polyherbal shampoo Result and Discussion
  12. Retha extract:  It is prepared by cold maceration method.  50 gm of Retha powder in 70% ethyl alcohol. Amla extract:  50 gm of amla powder in 250 ml water and boil . Shikakai extract:  50 gm of shikakai powder boiled in 250 ml water. Gelatine solution:  Boil 50 ml of water and add 1 gm gelatine powder and again boil for 5 minute . Hibiscus:  2.5 gm of hibiscus powder in 50 ml water and boil .
  13.  Weighed all the ingredients according to the formula.  Decoction of Hibiscus, Reetha , Amla , Shikakai was prepared in one part of water. Filter it, by using Filter paper.  Collect filtrate. Mixed to each other of above filtrate with constant stirring.  Mixed gaur gum as a thickening agent for maintenance of consistency of herbal shampoo as like semisolid nature.  Preservatives and perfume was added lastly.
  14. Physical appearance:  The formulations prepared were evaluated in terms of their clarity, foam producing ability and fluidity. Determination of pH:  The pH of shampoo solution in distilled water was determined at room temperature by using pH paper. Moisture content determination: Moisture Content = W2-W3 % Moisture Content = 𝑊2−𝑊3 𝑊2−𝑊1 𝑋 100 Where, Weight of Empty Petri dish =W1 Weight of Petri dish with sample drug after Weight of Sample Crude drug= S complete drying =W3 Weight of Petri dish with sample drug (W1+S) = W2
  15. Ash value: 2 Gm of powder drug was taken in silicon dish previously ignited and weighed. Temperature was increased by gradually increasing the heat not exceeding to red colour. After complete burning, ash is cooled and weighed. Total Ash Content = W3-W1 % Total Ash Content = 𝑊3−𝑊1 𝑊2−𝑊1 X 100 where, Weight of Empty Crucible =W1 Weight of Sample Crude drug =S Weight of Crucible with sample drug (W1+S) =W2 Weight of Crucible with Ash =W3
  16. Extraction value: extractive value = W2-W1 % of extractive value = extractive value X 100 crude drug taken (5gm) Where, Weight of empty Beaker =W1 Weight of Beaker with 25ml extract after drying =W2 Foaming test: Test tube numbers 1 to 10 Foaming index =1000/a =1000/9
  17. Sl. no Test Observation 1 Colour Brownish 2 Odour pleasant 3 Texture Fine and smooth Organoleptic evaluation/visual appearance: Foaming index calculation for herbal powder T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 T9 T10 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.8 1 0.8
  18. Sl. No. Physic-chemical evaluation Result 1 Ph 5.49 2 Washability Easily washable 3 Solubility Soluble(water) 4 Skin/eye irritation No harmful effect on skin or eye 5 Foaming capacity Good foaming 6 Extractive values a) Alcohol soluble b) Water solubility 16%w/w 12%w/w 7 Ash value 4.88%w/w 8 Dirt dispersion Moderate 9 Moisture content Determination 5.01% 10 Wetting time 170±0.04 11 Stability Stable 12 Nature of hair after washes Soft manageable
  19. Medicinal plants used in the formulation of herbal shampoo were found as rich source of novel drugs. These plants were Ritha , Amla, Shikakai , Hibiscus been reported for hair growth and conditioning. The various quality control parameters were checked. The pH of the shampoo has been shown to be important for improving and enhancing the qualities of hair, minimizing the irritation to the eyes and stabilizing the ecological balance of the scalp. Though the product is in dry form inspite has wonderful wetting capacity and being dry is very good for the storage. The evaluation parameters like Organoleptic evaluation, General powder Characters, Physicochemical Evaluation, Cleaning action, foaming, Dirt dispersion, Wetting agent, Nature of hair after wash was carried out and was found to be within the standard range.
  20. A survey of global hair care market trends indicates that consumer use of herbal products has significant increased over the past years. The factors like UV radiations, use of harsh chemical products have direct and indirect impact on the hair. The present work focuses on the potential of herbal extracts from cosmetic purposes. Hence we conclude that the formulation of polyherbal shampoo is effective in reducing dandruff without irritation, less adverse effect and better conditioning effect. Present investigations was carried out to formulate the herbal shampoo preparations based upon traditional knowledge and to develop few parameters for quality and purity of herbal shampoo. Nowadays there is strong demand for natural therapies, and this is increasing in western countries. The herbs which are a cheapest of phytoconstituents are on wheals to attain their role in polyherbal formulation so as to have synergistic role. Hence we conclude that the polyherbal formulation of Shampoo is effective in reducing dandruff without irritation, less adverse effect and better conditioning effect. The awareness and need for cosmetics with herbs in on the rise, as it is strongly believed that these products are safe and free from side effects. For the treatment of dandruff we have both synthetic and natural herbal shampoos. But when compared to the chemical based shampoos, herbal based shampoos are more effective in terms of safety and ease of manufacturing and in the economic point of view they are cheap .
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