Climate is a long term Pattern of weather in a particular area Weather can change from hour to hour, day to day, month to month A regions weather pattern usually tracked for at least 30 years are considered it’s climate Different part of world have different climate DEFINITION It is a meteorological condition including temperature, rain/precipitation and wind that characteristically prevail in a particular region. TYPE Today climate scientists split earth in to approximately five main type of climate- 1.Tropical climate 2.Dry climate 3.temperate climate 4.continetal climate 5.polar climate ELEMENTS Climate consists of following elements:- 1. Atmospheric pressure. 6.cloud and weather 2. Temperature 3. Humidity 4. Rain/Precipitation 5.wind CLIMATE CHANGE • It refers to any distinct change in measures of climate lasting for a long period of time, including major changes in temperature, rainfall, snow, or wind patterns lasting for decades or longer. Climate change may result from: • Natural factors such as changes in the Sun’s energy or slow changes in the Earth’s orbit around the Sun; natural processes within the climate system (e.g., changes in ocean circulation) • Human activities That change the atmosphere’s make-up (e.g, burning fossil fuels) and the land surface (e.g., cutting down forests, planting trees, building developments in cities and suburbs, etc.).