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Queensland’s Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) Pilot Projects

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Miranda Blogg, Kathy Boddington, Ben Ellis, Geoff McDonald, Andrew Somers

Publicada em: Educação
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Queensland’s Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) Pilot Projects

  1. 1. 1 | Queensland Intelligent Transport Systems Pilot Project Dr Miranda Blogg, AITPM 2016
  2. 2. 2 |2 | Our values, our diversity
  3. 3. 3 |3 | What is the opportunity? Mobility People EnvironmentLiving Governance automated & connected users Economy smart infrastructure mobility as a service Societal – safety; mobility; emissions Business – new business; freight logistics Government – policy; data; services Citizens – accessibility; savings
  4. 4. 4 |4 | Impact of emerging technology . Funding / Investing Planning Constructing/ Maintaining Operating UNKOWN IMPACTS • revenue models • subsidises for use • shift from traditional investment • enabling industry • new partnerships • insurance • asset demand • travel demand • mode choice • vehicle ownership • shared services • technology adoption rates • consumer demand/ vs need for incentives • models • metrics • policies that drive preferred outcomes • design standards • maintenance requirements • ITS and impacted asset phase-out • costs • digital asset / services ownership & management • technical feasibility – positioning, sensors, mapping, security, communications assess, connectivity • legacy systems • regulations, standards, codes of practice technical and organisational change management
  5. 5. 5 |5 | ITS pilot project • March 2015 - A plan for Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) in Queensland – identifies pilot projects for cooperative intelligent transport services (C-ITS) and automated vehicles (AV) • May 2016 – Business case approved by the department to pilot these new technologies
  6. 6. 6 |6 | • Forecasts suggest that more than 25% of vehicles globally will be connected by 2020. • Multiple “connected vehicle” services • Cooperative ITS (C-ITS) a subset – societal benefits and safety gains based on 5.9GHz with messages 10x/s • Manufacturer• Business • Customer• Government Safety Mobility User pays Security Navigation Infotainment Convenience Vehicle services Management Insurance Fleet Management What is cooperative ITS?
  7. 7. 7 |7 | What is cooperative ITS? • Today, detection and information are in silos • C-ITS shares data between users up to 10x/s:  richer information for identifying hazards  more accurate and timely warnings of conditions. VehiclesInfrastructure Others
  8. 8. 8 |8 | Toyota C-ITS applications • Right turn collision warning • Red light caution • Signal advisory change • Cooperative cruise control • Emergency vehicle notification
  9. 9. 9 |9 | Safety C-ITS use-case benefits What When Where Why How Sample of C-ITS applications Crash type Fatal Injury Roadworks warning Single vehicle hit object Side collision Rear-end 9% 10% 7% 10% 3% 5% Weather warning Water over road 3% 4% Automatic Crash Notification All 3% 3% Emergency electronic brake light/ forward collision or back of queue warning Rear-end 12% 10% Red light violator/ Unsignalised intersection violation Red light violation Disobeyed stop sign Disobeyed give way 27% 27% Right turn assist Right turn 55% 55%
  10. 10. 10 |10 | C-ITS cost-benefit for SEQ Penetration Pessimistic ($m) Moderate ($m) Optimistic ($m) Upfront costs Central ITS 11.1 15.6 17.5 Roadside ITS 21.3 21.3 21.3 In-vehicle 71.8 328.9 442.2 Sub-total ($m) 128.8 390.4 505.6 Ongoing costs Central ITS 21.2 25.9 25.9 Roadside ITS 63.3 78.6 78.6 In-vehicle 62.3 295.7 432.7 Sub-total ($m) 146.8 400.2 537.2 Total ($m) 275.6 790.6 1,042.9 Benefits Crash savings 399.6 1,878.1 2,754.5 Crash delays 17.4 82.0 104.8 Fuel savings 94.8 448.3 656.2 Emissions 63.8 298.2 438.1 Total ($m) 575.7 2,706.6 3,953.5 NPV ($m) 300.1 1,916.0 2,910.7 BCR 2.1 3.4 3.8 NPV/I 1.1 2.4 2.8
  11. 11. 11 |11 | When is C-ITS likely to occur? • Auto industry have not indicated a date for equipped vehicles into Australia • Japan is the first country with C-ITS equipped production vehicles (the Prius) • USA mandate by 2017 and General Motors will release a C-ITS equipped model this year. • Both Europe and the US are forecasting 2019 for large scale production of C-ITS What When Where Why How
  12. 12. 12 |12 | AV and C-ITS - parallel initiatives CITS only provide the driver with warnings AV can’t see around corners or through objects AV sensors limited for higher speeds or in bad weather AV implements CITS warnings C-ITS expands AV view
  13. 13. 13 |13 | Why is government involved? • AVs are dependent on governments to maintain the physical asset and provide supportive policy, legislation and regulations • In addition, C-ITS is dependent on government to provide:  arrangements for radio communications  ITS infrastructure and data  operation of a security system  positioning augmentation What When Where Why How
  14. 14. 14 |14 | How is government involved? What When Where Why How • Austroads program and guidelines for AV and C-ITS • Transport and Infrastructure Senior Officials' Committee (TISOC) draft national policy & action plan for AV and C-ITS • National Transport Commission (NTC) review of regulation and development of a framework • Queensland state and safety action plan  Harvest new technology and prepare for connected and autonomous vehicles  Better manage safety and speed through new technology
  15. 15. 15 |15 | How will the department be involved? What When Where Why How • Upskill staff, adapt systems • Establish new relationships • Establish test beds for research • Measure safety benefits • Demonstrate to public
  16. 16. 16 |16 | How will the department be involved? What When Where Why How • The pilots focus on the following:  EU standards for the ITS station and system architecture  5.9 and 3G/4G network access  Positioning augmentation solutions (national need)  Security credential management system (national need)
  17. 17. 17 | Thank you

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