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Implementing A Socially Responsible Environmental Management System.pptx

  1. Implementing A Socially Responsible Environmental Management System SHEM 114 - Environmental Management (C202301) Instructor : Ciarán McAleenan Student : Juan J. Camilo
  2. What needs to be done to achieve ISO 14001 certification ? The impact of Industrial activities on the Environment is forcing the organizations to control their activities, products, and services for mitigating the impact on the environment. The ISO 14001 standard is primarily concerned with “environmental management.” This means that the organization needs to: 1. Identify the harmful effects of their activities, on the environment, and plan to reduce the impact. 2. Achieve continual improvement in its environmental management system and environmental performance.
  3. The ISO 14001:2015 version is based on High-Level Structure (HLS) structure having ten main requirements: 1. Scope 2. Normative Reference 3. Terms and Definitions 4. Context of the Organization 5. Leadership 6. Planning 7. Support 8. Operation 9. Performance Evaluation 10. Improvement “ This standard requires the organization to identify improvement plans, use the resources in efficient way, study their environment to reduce pollution, reuse, recycle and effective management of wastes. “
  4. Understanding ISO 14001:2015 Main requirements • Outline the scope of the EMS. It should be consistent with an organisation’s environmental policy. The intended outcomes should aim to enhance your environmental performance and fulfill compliance obligation • The scope shall be documented. • All activities, products and services of the organization within that scope need to be included 1. Scope 2. Normative Reference • This section explains any relevant terms and definitions 3. Terms and Definitions • This section requires Organizations to establish the internal and external issues that could affect their business or interested parties, and any compliance regulations that needs to be met. 4. Context of the Organization • This clause places accountability for implementing Environmental Management System on ‘top management’ • Clearly defined and understood responsibilities and authorities • The top management shall establish an environmental policy 5. Leadership • The organization shall identify environmental aspects of its products, process and services • Actions to Address Risks and Opportunities and aaplicable compliance obligations 6. Planning • This section address requirements on resources, communication and documentation. • Organization requirements for competence, and awareness, 7. Support • implementation of the processes that enable the organization to meet their environmental intended results, policies and objectives. • plans to prepare and respond to emergency situations that might have adverse environmental impacts 8. Operation • how you will monitor, measure, analyse and evaluate your environmental management system 9. Performance Evaluation • commitment to continual improvement • Addressing non-conformities in the EMS processes and any corrective actions • Internal Audit Program 10. Improvement
  5. What Needs To Be Done To Perform A Life Cycle Assessment According To Iso 14040? Life cycle assessment (LCA) addresses the environmental aspects and potential environmental impacts `from raw material acquisition through production, use, end-of-life treatment, recycling and final disposal (i.e. cradle-to-grave). There are four phases in a Life cycle Study: a)The goal and scope definition phase b)The inventory analysis phase c)The impact assessment phase d)The interpretation phase The scope, including the system boundary and level of detail. It is an inventory of input/output data regarding the system being studied. It involves collection of the data necessary to meet the goals of the defined study The purpose is to provide additional information to help assess a product system’s life cycle inventory analysis phase results so as to better understand their environmental significance. the results of a life cycle inventory analysis or a life cycle impact assessment, or both, are summarized and discussed as a basis for conclusions, recommendations and decision- making in accordance with the goal and scope definition.
  6. Business Case : 1. Agricultural production, which is basically composed of land leveling and preparation for cultivation. 2. Repair services workshop, we have an inventory of 1117 motor equipment which consume fuel and oil mainly Diesel fuel, and have a preventive and corrective maintenance plan. 3.Industrial Process, this is where we process sugar cane into refined sugar, in this process we use steam boilers and self-produce electric energy for our operations. The work environment where I work is in an agricultural production company whose main product is sugar from sugar cane. We are a company formed by 3200 employees where our processes are divided into 3 main work sections.
  7. Scope : The scope of this environmental management system includes the commitment of the sugar production company to minimize or eradicate any environmental impact and includes compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs and the potential environmental impacts of a product system throughout its life cycle. The presentation of environmental impacts focuses on high-level information to keep the presentation of this paper brief. The elements of analysis begin with the evaluation of the suppliers of expendable materials and services, and end with the disposal of the waste produced by the operational activities. Context of organization The operations described take place in the Dominican Republic in the southern part of the country, an unpopulated and rural part where the soils are saline. The laws of the country require an environmental permit that must comply with the elements of Law 64-00 that establishes as a prerequisite for the start of operations: 1. Environmental impact study: the company's activities and their possible impacts on air, water, social impact, fauna and land are described. 2. Environmental impact remediation plan establishes how environmental impact factors will be controlled. 3. Environmental compliance report: A report with the measurements of environmental impacts is sent to the Ministry of the Environment on a monthly basis to demonstrate compliance or action plans to correct any emission that is above what is established by the country's law.
  8. Leadership: • We are a green company, we are committed to the preservation of natural resources, our values go hand in hand with sustainability, we have goals to reduce the use of water, minimize carbon monoxide, Co2 and particulate emissions from our industrial processes, recovery of arid land, non-use of agrochemicals prohibited by the EPA and the reduction of fossil fuel consumption (we produce our own electrical energy from a steam turbine, the steam is generated with bagasse of sugarcane). • We are in the process of certifying our industrial processes under the Bonsucro Standard to reduce the environmental and social impacts of sugarcane production while recognizing the need for economic viability. • Reference standards : PAS2050:2008 – Specification for the assessment of the life cycle greenhouse gas emissions of goods and services, ISEALCode of Good Practice for Setting Social and Environmental Standards, Bonsucro Certification Protocol,l Bonsucro Calculator.
  9. Planning / inventory analysis AGRICULTURAL PROCESSES TASK description scope definition inventory analysis impact assessment interpretation of results Opportunity Benefits Environmentally Friendly target 0 Purchases of products, expendable material and services. All company suppliers must have an Environmental certificate fossil fuels Agrochemicals parties plastic containers It can be varied because we have suppliers of fuels, materials and chemicals. environment High significance because we must create communities of suppliers that are friendly to the environment Not all suppliers have an environmental management plan It will create the need for our suppliers to comply with environmental laws in order to do business with us. All suppliers to comply with sustainable environment commitment 1 country clearing assessing the impact of land clearing on species 8,800 hectares in production Farmer for 18 years Unknown, endangered species in the area is the zenolodont lack data _ biodiversity loss 2 country leveling removing the topsoil reduces the work in crop establishment and crop management, and increases the yield and quality 8,800 hectares Helps to prevent soil erosion caused by wind or air. environment Significance : Good for environment Equipments used in the process use fossil fuel. Reduced the water demand for plant irrigation Reduce water use for crops 3 land preparation Uses of chemicals for land preparation for crops Amount of fertilizer applied per hectare N2O induced emissions by N fertilizers Water consumption pollutes freshwater ecosystems with silt and fertilizers washed from farms Irrigation for sugar cane exploit water resources environment Significance: Bad for environment Reduction of fertilizers per hectare Equipments used in the process use fossil fuel. Reductions in the production cost of crops More availability of water We abscribe to Bonsucro Certification process, our targets are Agrochemicals applied per hectare per year <5 kg active ingredients efficient use of water < 90 (kg/ha)/mm
  10. Planning / inventory analysis AGRICULTURAL PROCESSES 2 of 2 TASK description scope definition inventory analysis impact assessment interpretation of results Opportunity Benefits Environmentally Friendly target 4 Sugar Cane Sowing Cultivation of sugarcane 8,800 hectares 1200 Employees 1211 units diesel fuel equipment Extensive use of diesel fuel for farming equipment Nonrecyclable Plastic used by employees for food consumption Environment Significance : Bad for environment Plastic pollution on the fields Carbon dioxide (CO2 ) , nitrogen compounds (NOx), sulfur, emissions . Increased amount of plastics tones collected and disposed of by certified company Reduction in the fuel consumption of diesel fuel, Water availability to the crops, less pollution Reductions in the production cost Net GHG emissions per tone of cane Kg CO2 eq/t dog <40 Bonsucro Standard 5 farm equipment repair shop Repair and maintenance of equipment, oil change, tires, engine repairs, welding. 1211 units diesel fuel equipment Used Oils used battery used tires. Metal Scrap environment Significance: Bad for environment We collect all our waste and deliver it to a recycling company This waste is paid for by recycling companies that use it as raw material for other industrial processes . None of this waste can go to the common garbage
  11. Planning / inventory analysis INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES 1 of 2 TASK description scope definition inventory analysis impact assessment interpretation of results Opportunity Benefits Environmental ly Friendly target 0 Industrial Efficiency Estimates the emissions from agriculture activities >75% Net GHG emissions per tonne of cane , Kg CO2 eq/t cane <40 environment Significance : Moderate for environment Emissions should be lowered more but the equipments are old. Reductions in the production cost >85% 1 Dissolved oxygen in receiving stream Dissolved oxygen is an indicator of the quantity of oxygen available in the receiving stream to support life >2.5ppm No data environment Significance : Moderate for environment We need to finish the installation of a water treatment plant Protection of the marine environment >1.5ppm 2 Water used less water returned from mill to the environment Net water consumed per unit mass of product Farm < 130 Mill, Kg of water/ kg of mass production No data environment Significance : Moderate for environment Less use or energy for irrigation < 75 kg of water 3 energy efficiency Direct and indirect energy inputs. MJ/t canine < 50 Energy used in cane transport per tonne cane transported environment Significance : Moderate for environment We have our own generation but the efficiency of the equipments needs to be challenged Reductions in the production cost MJ/t cane < 40
  12. Planning / inventory analysis INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES 2 of 2 TASK description scope definition inventory analysis impact assessment interpretation of results Opportunity Benefits Environmentally Friendly target 4 Nonhazardous solid residues of production per tonne cane Applies to the mill only. < 1.0 t/t cane no data environment Significance : Moderate for environment Reduction of residues is necessary to improve Less impact in the soild < 0.5 t/t cane 5 Percentage of categories of non- production waste that are recycled active recycling program for at least 50% of the following categories: fiber , metal, plastic, oil and lubricants, batteries and chemical products. > 50% no data environment Significance : Moderate for environment Reduction of residues is necessary to improve Somme material end up in the regular trash Less pollution > 90% Plastics are still a challenge to collect