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Active and passive voice

  1. Active and Passive Voice
  2. Verbs and Voice Voice is the form a verb takes to indicate whether the subject of the verb performs or receives the action. There are two types of voice: active voice and passive voice.
  3. Active Voice Examples: Lebron threw the basketball before the buzzer. Lebron shot the basketball from the free throw line. Lebron scored three points. Active voice is used to show that the subject of the sentence is performing or causing the action. In this case is Lebron James, a basket player
  4. Passive Voice Passive voice is used when you want to focus on the object/action and not on the subject. Examples: The ball was thrown by Lebron. The basket was shot by Lebron. The score was made by Lebron.
  5. Compare: Lebron threw the basketball before the buzzer. The ball was thrown by Lebron.
  6. When would you want to use passive voice? oWhen intentionally trying to hide the subject of the sentence or when the subject is not important or unknown. For example, a politician might say, “The mistake was made.” Hiding the subject helps him/her hide the blame. oWhen passive voice better emphasizes the main point of the message, such as “Children were harmed by the drunk driver.” The focus of the sentence is the children and not the driver who harmed them.
  7. Grammar form The passive voice will always consist of a form of the verb "to be“ (depending on the tense) and the past participle of another verb. Example: Active: John baked the bread. Passive: The bread was baked by John.
  8. Examples: ◦ Active: Brazilians speak Portuguese. (Simple Present) ◦ Passive: Portuguese is spoken in Brazil. (Verb to be in present) ◦ Active: The children ate the cookies. (Simple Past) ◦ Passive: The cookies were eaten by the children. (Verb to be in past )
  9. Negative form To make a negative sentence, use the negative form of the verb to be according to the tense. The computer wasn’t fixed yesterday. That ring isn’t made of silver.
  10. Yes/No questions Was this book written by Charles Dickens? Yes, it was/No, it wasn’t. Wh Questions When was your house built? It was built 20 years ago. Questions Verb to be Subject Past Participle Verb Complement Wh word Verb to be Subject Past Participle Verb
  11. Different forms of Passive Voice.
  12. Otheruses of passive voice The Passive voice can be used to make information sound more impersonal. This use is common in news reports and on TV. People believe that thousands of birds died. The same idea can be expressed by using the passive in two different ways: a) Subject + passive of reporting verb + `to´ infinitive Hundreds of thousands of birds are believed to have died. b) It + passive of reporting verb + that + clause It is believed that hundreds of thousands of birds died.
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