1. Cyber Crime
• “Cyber crime” is a term used to broadly describe criminal
activity in which computers or computer networks are a
tool, a target, or a place of criminal activity and include
everything from electronic cracking to denial of service
• Cyber crime mainly consists of unauthorized access to
computer systems data alteration, data destruction, theft of
intellectual properly. Cyber crime in the context of national
security may involve hacking, traditional espionage, or
information warfare and related activities.
2. Main Objectives
• To explore about cybercrime.
• To create awareness about cyber crime to the mass.
• To gain more knowledge about cyber crime.
3. Cyber Crime In India
• The majority of cyber crimes are centered on fraud and
• India is the 3rd most targeted country for phishing attacks
after the us and uk.
• Social networks as well as ecommerce sites are major
• India is the no. 1 country for generating spam.
4. Why India?
• A rapidly growing online user base
• 121 million internet users.
• 65 million active internet users
• 50 million users shop online on economic and online
• 46+ million social network users.
• Huge population.
5. India Crime Scene
• The major cyber crimes reported in india, are denial of
services, spam computer virus, cyber stalking and phishing.
• Nearly $120 million worth of mobiles are being lost or stolen
in the country every year.
• The users have to protect information, contact details and
telephone numbers as these could be misused.
• They should not keep any document related to their bank
7. Cyber Crime Variants
“ Hacking is a crime which includes cracking
systems and gaining unauthorized access to the data stored in
“ Cyber squatting is the act of registering a famous domain
name and then selling it in future. This is an issue that has
not been tackled in IT Act 2000.
• Phishing is the just one of the many frauds on the internet
trying to fool people into parting with their money.
• Phishing refers to the receipt of unsolicited emails by
customer of financial institutions, requesting them to enter
their username password or other personal information to
access their account for some reason.
• The fraudster then has access to the customer’s online bank
account and to the funds contained in that account.
9. Cyber Stalking
• Cyber Stalking is use of the internet or other electronic
means to stalk someone.
• This term is used interchangeably with online harassment
and online abuse.
• Stalking generally involves harassing or threatening
behaviour that an individual engages in repeatedly.
• Such as following a person, appearing at person’s home or
place of business, making harassing phone calls, leaving
written messages or objects.
• Vishing is the criminal practise of using social engineering
and voice over IP to gain access to private personal and
information from the public for the purpose of financial
• The term is a combination of “voice and phishing”. vishing
exploits the public’s trust in landline telephone services.
• Vishing is typically used to steal credit card numbers or other
inforrmation used in identify theft schemes from individuals.
11. • Trojan Horse: A Trojan as this program is called as an
unauthorized program which functions from inside what
seems to be an authorized program, thereby concealing
what it is actually doing
• Internet time theft: This connotes the usage by
unauthorized persons of the internet hours paid for by
• Web Jacking: This occurs when someone forcefully takes
control of a website(By cracking the password).
12. • Salami Attacks: are used for the commission of financial
crimes. The key here to make the alteration so insignificant
in a single case it would go completely unnoticed e.g a bank
employee insert a program into bank’s servers that deducts
a small amount from the account of every customer.
• Click Jacking:Click jacking is a form of cyber attack where
the hacker uses an invisible layer over the embedded web
13. Cyber laws in India
• Under the information technology act, 2000
• Whoever with the intent to cause or knowing that he is likely
to cause wrongful loss or damage to the public or any
• Destroys or deletes or alter any information residing in a
computer resource or diminishes its value or affects it
injuriously by any means commits hack.
• Whoever commits hacking shall be punished with
imprisonment up to three years or with fine which may
extent up to two lakh rupees, or with both.
14. IT Amendment act 2008
• Section 66A: punishment for sending offensive message
through communication service ,etc
• Section 66C: Punishment for identity theft.
• Section 66D: Punishment for cheating by personation
by using computer resource
• Section 66E: Punishment for violation of privacy.
15. Preventions of cybercrime
• Anti virus and Anti spyware software:
• Anti virus software consists of computer programs that
attempt to identify and eliminate computer virus and other
malware software. Anti spywares are used to restrict
• A firewall protects a computer network from unauthorized
access. Network firewalls may be hardware devices,
software programs or a combination of two.
16. Future Of Cyber crime
• Continued websites hacks.
• Data and information theft.
• Increasing phishing attacks on financial websites.
• Cybercriminals targeting social and professional networks.
• Threats directed at the mobile platform.
17. Computer Vulnerability
• Computer stores huge amount of data in small spaces
• Ease of access.
• Complexity of technology.
• Human error.
• Need new laws and upgraded technology to combat cyber
18. Cyber Defamation
• Cyber defamation occours when defamation takes place
with the help of computers and from the internet
• Example- email containing defamation about that person by
making a false statement to another.
19. Crime Under IPC
MESSAGE BY EMAIL
SEC 503 IPC
MESSAGE BY EMAIL
SEC 499, 500 IPC
FORGERY OF ELECTRONIC
SEC 463, 470, 471 IPC
CYBER FRAUDS SEC 420 IPC
20. Power Of Police
• SECTION 156 CR.P.C : POWER TO INVESTIGATE
• SECTION 155 CR.P.C : POWER TO INVESTIGATE NON
• SECTION 91 CR.P.C : SUMMON TO PRODUCE
• SECTION 160 CR.P.C : SUMMON TO REQUIRE
ATTENDENCE OF WITNESSES.
21. Other Acts
• Stored communications Act: It is passed in 1986 is
focused on protecting the confidentiality, integrity and
availability of electronic communications that are currently
in form of electronic storage.
• Digital millennium Copyright Act: It is passed in
1998 is a united states copyright law that criminalizes the
production and dissemination of technology, devices.
22. Better Initiatives
• Suggested amendments to the IT act 2000-new provisions
for child pornography etc.
• More public awareness campaigns
• Training of police officers to effectively combat cyber crime.
• More cyber crime cells set up across the country.
• Websites aid in creating awareness and encouraging
reporting of cyber crime cases
• Active coordination between police and other law
enforcement agencies and authorities is required.
• Indian laws are well drafted and capable of handling all kind
of challenges as posed by cyber criminal, however the
enforcement agencies are required to be well reversed with
the changing technologies and laws”
• As internet technology advances so does the threat of cyber
crime. In times likes these we must protect ourselves from
cyber crime. Antivirus software, firewalls and security
patches are just the beginning. Never open suspicious emails
and only navigate to trusted sites.