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The declaration of independence


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The declaration of independence

  1. 1. Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs.Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Lisbeth RathLisbeth Rath Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua,Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs.Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Lisbeth RathLisbeth Rath Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua,Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua,
  2. 2. Jawarlal NehruJawarlal Nehru  Ally of Gandhi.Ally of Gandhi.  11stst Prime MinisterPrime Minister of India,of India, 1947-1964.1947-1964.  AdvocatedAdvocated Industrialization.Industrialization.  Promoted “GreenPromoted “Green Revolution”.Revolution”.  Mixed Economy.Mixed Economy.  Nonaligned Movement.Nonaligned Movement.
  3. 3.  The “mix” refers to private andThe “mix” refers to private and public ownership.public ownership.  Foreign aid and foreign investmentForeign aid and foreign investment are crucial.are crucial.  Urban areas have high-techUrban areas have high-tech companies.companies.  Three quarters of the population areThree quarters of the population are farmers living in small villages.farmers living in small villages.  India'sIndia's "Green Revolution""Green Revolution" allowedallowed farmers to triple their crop by usingfarmers to triple their crop by using India’s “mixedIndia’s “mixed economy”economy”
  4. 4. India’s “GreenIndia’s “Green Revolution”Revolution”  Introducing higher-Introducing higher- yielding varieties ofyielding varieties of seeds in 1965.seeds in 1965.  Increased use ofIncreased use of fertilizers &fertilizers & irrigation.irrigation.  GOALGOAL  makemake India self-India self- sufficient in foodsufficient in food grains.grains.
  5. 5.  Nehru’s daughter.Nehru’s daughter.  Prime Minister ofPrime Minister of India, 1966-1984.India, 1966-1984.  Continues Nehru’sContinues Nehru’s policies.policies.  Faced corruptionFaced corruption charges & internalcharges & internal rebellion.rebellion.  Assassinated in 1984.Assassinated in 1984. IndiraIndira GandhiGandhi
  6. 6.  Indira’s son.Indira’s son.  Prime Minister ofPrime Minister of India, 1984-1989.India, 1984-1989.  Some reform ofSome reform of economy andeconomy and government.government.  Also faced rebellion.Also faced rebellion.  Assassinated in 1991Assassinated in 1991 while campaigning.while campaigning. RajivRajiv GandhiGandhi
  7. 7.  Italian-bornItalian-born Sonia MainoSonia Maino married Rajivmarried Rajiv 1968.1968.  She movedShe moved into the houseinto the house of mother-in-of mother-in- law, Primelaw, Prime MinisterMinister Indira Gandhi.Indira Gandhi. A foreigner joins theA foreigner joins the familyfamily
  8. 8. The Declaration of Independence
  9. 9. Historical Context About The Author • Born on April 13, 1743 in Virginia to a wealthy family. • He was very well educated. Attended The College of William & Mary. • Served in the Virginia House of Burgesses. • Eloquent correspondent, butEloquent correspondent, but not good public speakernot good public speaker • Known as the "silentKnown as the "silent member" of the Congressmember" of the Congress • Was unanimously chosen by the Committee of Five to Thomas Jefferson
  10. 10. Major Events of The Time • Common Sense is published • North Carolina produces the Halifax Resolves making it the first British colony to officially authorize its delegates to vote for independence. • Richard Henry Lee of Virginia proposes a resolution calling for a Declaration of Independence. • Virginia Declaration of Rights by George Mason is adopted by the Virginia Convention of Delegates. • The Delaware General Assembly votes to suspend government under the British Crown
  11. 11. Intended Audience • The audience were those wanting independence from England. • International audience
  12. 12. Jefferson’s Viewpoint on the Major Issues of His Time • He believed in the separation of church and state. • He believed that the colonies had the right to overthrow a tyrannical government.
  13. 13. Main Points of the Declaration of Independence • All men are created equal. “We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal. • Men are given by God certain unalienable rights. “They are endowed, by their Creator, with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness.” • We have the natural right by God to declare our independence from England. “When in the course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the Powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them…
  14. 14. • Governments derive their authority from the consent of the people. “Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.” • When a government abuses it’s power, the people have the right to overthrow it. “That whenever any form of Government becomes destructive to these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it… • The colonies tried repeatedly to compromise with King George, but has been a tyrant. “Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. Main Points of the Declaration of Independence
  15. 15. Historical Significance • The American Colonies finally declared their independence from England • It was the first step in the creation of a new nation. Thomas Jefferson, The Declaration of Independence