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Act of 21 March 2007 governing the installation and the use of surveillance cameras
Unofficial English translation – Con...
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Article 1.
This Act governs a matter referred to in article 78 of the Constitution.
CHAPTER I. – Definitions
Article 2.
...
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Article 4.
[Repealed]
CHAPTER III. – Conditions under which the installation and use of fixed and temporary fixed
survei...
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The controller shall ensure that the surveillance camera or cameras are not specifically directed at an
area for which h...
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The recording of images shall only be permitted to gather evidence of nuisance or facts that qualify as
an offence or th...
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CHAPTER III/1. – Conditions under which the use of mobile surveillance cameras is allowed
Article 7/1.
The mobile survei...
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In the cases referred to in the articles 7/2, 1° and 2°, the controller shall place at the entrance of the
area a pictog...
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Article 9.
Only the controller in relation to enclosed areas accessible to the public or enclosed areas not accessible
t...
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The controller shall keep the images for which access is requested for the time necessary to process
this request, where...
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Bibliographical information4
Act of 12 November 2009 modifying the Act of 21 March 2007 governing the installation and ...
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Camera Surveillance Act (consolidated v2.1)

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Consolidated, unofficial translation of the Belgian Act of 21 March 2007. Consolidation date is 31 August 2018.

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Camera Surveillance Act (consolidated v2.1)

  1. 1. 1 Act of 21 March 2007 governing the installation and the use of surveillance cameras Unofficial English translation – Consolidated version1 Translated by Johan Vandendriessche and Florine De Ridder2 * * * Arrangement of chapters Article 1 Chapter I – Definitions. Article 2 Chapter II – Scope and relation to other legislation. Articles 3-4 Chapter III – Conditions under which the installation and use of fixed surveillance cameras are allowed. Articles 5-7 Chapter III/1 – Conditions under which the use of mobile surveillance cameras are permitted. Articles 7/1-7/4 Chapter IV – Common provisions. Articles 8-12 Chapter V – Provisions concerning offences. Article 13 Chapter VI – Transition provisions. Article 14 * * * 1 This version is consolidated to 31 August2018. Bibliographical information can be found at the end of this document. 2 Johan Vandendriessche is a lawyer at the Bar of Brussels (Erkelens Law – www.erkelenslaw.com) and a Visiting Professor in ICT Law at the University of Ghent (UGent) and at the HoWest University of Applied Science. Florine De Ridder is a lawyer at the Bar of Brussels (Erkelens Law – www.erkelenslaw.com). The authors would appreciate receiving comments or remarks in view of improving this translation at the following address: johan.vandendriessche@erkelenslaw.com or f.deridder@erkelenslaw.com. The authors would like to express their thanks to Stephen Mason for the assistance in this translation.
  2. 2. 2 Article 1. This Act governs a matter referred to in article 78 of the Constitution. CHAPTER I. – Definitions Article 2. For the purposes of this Act, the terms hereunder shall mean: 1° unenclosed area: every area that has not been demarcated by an enclosure and that is freely accessible to the public, including the public roads managed by the public authorities competent for road management; 2° enclosed area accessible to the public: every building or every area demarcated by an enclosure destined to be used by the public, where services can be rendered to the public; 3° enclosed area not accessible to the public: every enclosed building or every enclosed area that is exclusively destined for the use by its habitual users; 3°/1 enclosure: demarcation of an area consisting of at least a clear visual separation or an indication by which the areas can be clearly distinguished from each other; 4° surveillance camera: every fixed, temporarily fixed or mobile observation system that serves the purpose of surveillance and supervision of areas and that processes images to that end; 4°/1 mobile surveillance camera: surveillance camera that is moved during the observation in order to film from various places or locations; 4°/2 temporarily fixed surveillance camera: surveillance camera that is set up in a place with the aim of either the surveillance of a specific event, or of being moved at regular intervals to another place in accordance with the purposes assigned to it; 4°/3 intelligent surveillance camera: a surveillance camera that also contains parts and software that, linked to registers or files or not, may or may not process the collected images autonomously; 5° controller: the natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which, alone or jointly with others, determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal data. 6° [Repealed] CHAPTER II. – Scope and relation to other legislation. Article 3. This Act governs the installation and the use of surveillance cameras with the purpose of : 1° preventing, establishing or detecting offences against persons or goods; 2° preventing, establishing or detecting nuisance within the meaning of Article 135 of the New Municipalities Act, to verify the enforcement of municipal regulations or to maintain the public order. This Act does not apply to: 1° surveillance cameras of which the installation and the modalities of use are governed by or by virtue of specific legislation; 2° surveillance cameras on the work floor ensuring security and health, the protection of the goods of the company, the supervision of the production process and the supervision of the work of the employee; 3° surveillance cameras installed and used by the public inspection and supervision services, explicitly permitted by the law, the decree or the ordonnance governing their competences, to use cameras or to make film or video recordings, in the context of their missions. Article 3/1. In case of installation and use of surveillance cameras for multiple purposes, including one of the purposes mentioned in article 3, first paragraph, by one controller, the different laws apply simultaneously. In case of conflict between some of their provisions, the provisions of this Act are applied.
  3. 3. 3 Article 4. [Repealed] CHAPTER III. – Conditions under which the installation and use of fixed and temporary fixed surveillance cameras is allowed Article 5. §1. The decision to install one or more fixed surveillance cameras in an unenclosed area is made by the controller. The controller referred to in the first subparagraph may only be a public authority. § 2. The decision referred to in § 1 shall be made only after having received a positive advice from the municipality council of the municipality in which the area is located. The municipality council shall issue its advice after having consulted the chief of police of the police area in which that area is situated. When the concerned unenclosed area is a motorway or another road for which a public authority other than the municipality is responsible, the positive advice from the municipality council in which the area is located shall not be requested. Only the concerned police department is consulted, prior to the installation. §2/1. The decision to install one or more temporarily fixed surveillance cameras in an unenclosed area shall be taken by the controller. The controller referred to in the first subparagraph may only be a public authority. The decision referred to in the first subparagraph is taken after a positive advice has been rendered by the municipality council of the municipality in which the area is located. The concerned unenclosed area may correspond to the entire territory of the municipality in which the area is located. The controller shall specify in its request for advice to the municipality council the specific purposes of these temporary surveillance cameras and, if they are intended to be moved, the perimeter within which their movements take place. The municipality council shall issue its advice after first having consulted the chief of police of the police area in which that area is located and shall determine the period of validity of this advice. The controller may submit a reasoned request in view of obtaining the renewal of the positive advice upon the expiry of its period of validity. When the concerned unenclosed area is a motorway or another road for which a public authority other than the municipality is responsible, the positive advice from the municipality council of the municipality in which the area is located shall not be requested. Only the concerned police department shall be consulted, prior to installation. § 3. The controller communicates the decision referred to in §1 or in §2/1 to the police forces. He shall do so at the latest on the day that precedes the day the surveillance camera or surveillance cameras are put in use. The controller shall also communicate to the police forces every change made to the deployed camera surveillance system pursuant to the decision referred to in §1 or §2/1. The King is to determine by royal decree after having taken advice from the Data Protection Authority , the form and contents of the standard form that must be used on that occasion, the form and modalities of updating this form, as well as the manner in which this form and its updates must be communicated to the police forces. The controller shall keep a register of the image processing activities of the surveillance cameras carried out under his responsibility. This register is in written form, whether or not in electronic form. The controller shall make this register available upon request to the Data Protection Authority and to the police forces. The King is to determine, after having taken advice from the Data Protection Authority, the content of this register, its modalities and its retention period. The controller shall place a pictogram indicating the surveillance by camera at the entry of the unenclosed area. The King is to determine by royal decree after having taken advice from the Data Protection Authority, the model of that pictogram and the indications it must mention.
  4. 4. 4 The controller shall ensure that the surveillance camera or cameras are not specifically directed at an area for which he does not process the data, unless he has explicitly obtained consent therefore from the controller for the area to be placed under surveillance. §4. The viewing of these images in real time shall only be permitted under the supervision of the police forces to enable the competent services to intervene immediately in case of offence, damage, nuisance or disturbance of the public order and to direct this intervention in an optimal manner. With the exception of security guards who exercise their competences in accordance with the provisions of the Act of 2 October 2017 regulating private and special security, a royal decree deliberated in the Council of Ministers, the draft of which is submitted to the Data Protection Authority for advice, is to determine the conditions permitting the viewing of the images and designating these persons that act under the supervision of the police forces. The access to these images in real time is also permitted to enable the competent authorities and services to coordinate the security of important events likely to have an impact on the public order and the safety of the population and also to monitor the evolution of emergency situations with a view to coordinate their management. The recording of images shall only be permitted to gather evidence of nuisance or facts that qualify as an offence or that cause damage and to detect or identify perpetrators, persons that disturb the public order, witnesses or victims. If the images cannot contribute to the evidence of an offence, damage or a nuisance, or to the identification of a perpetrator, a person disturbing the public order, a witness or a victim, they shall not be stored for a period longer than one month. This period shall be extended to three months for areas presenting a special risk to security, as determined by the King by royal decree deliberated in the Council of Ministers, the draft of which is submitted for advice to the Data Protection Authority. Article 6. § 1. The decision to install one or more surveillance cameras in an enclosed area accessible to the public is made by the controller. § 2. The controller communicates the decision referred to in §1 to the police forces. . He shall do so at the latest on the day that precedes the day the surveillance camera or surveillance cameras are put in use. The controller shall also notify the police forces about any changes made to the surveillance cameras system deployed pursuant to the decision referred to in §1. The King is to determine by royal decree after having taken advice from the Data Protection Authority , the form and contents of the standard form that must be used on that occasion, the form and modalities of updating of this form as well as the manner in which this form and its updates must be communicated to the police forces The controller shall keep a register of the image processing activities of the surveillance cameras carried out under his responsibility. The register is in written form, whether or not in electronic form. The controller shall make the register available upon request to the Data Protection Authority and to the police forces. The King is to determine, after having taken advice from the Data Protection Authority, the content of this register, its modalities and its retention period. The controller shall place a pictogram indicating the surveillance by camera at the entry of the enclosed area accessible to the public. The King is to determine by royal decree after having taken advice from the Data Protection Authority , the model of that pictogram and the indications it must mention. Except for the areas referred to in article 8/2, §1,the controller shall ensure that the surveillance camera or cameras are not specifically directed at an area for which he does not process the data. In case of surveillance of an entrance to an enclosed area accessible to the public opposite to an unenclosed area or an enclosed area accessible to the public, the surveillance camera or cameras shall be placed in such a manner as to limit the surveillance of that area to a strict minimum. The controller may add a control screen near a surveillance camera that displays publicly in real time the images collected by the surveillance camera to which it is linked. § 3. The viewing of these images in real time shall only be permitted to enable an immediate intervention in case of offence, damage, nuisance or disturbance of the public order.
  5. 5. 5 The recording of images shall only be permitted to gather evidence of nuisance or facts that qualify as an offence or that cause damage and to detect or identify perpetrators, persons that disturb the public order, witnesses or victims. If the images cannot contribute to the evidence of an offence, damage or a nuisance, or to the identification of a perpetrator, a person disturbing the public order, a witness or a victim, they shall not be stored for a period longer than one month. This period shall be extended to three months for areas that, due to their nature, present a special risk to security, as determined by the King by royal decree deliberated in the Council of Ministers, the draft of which is submitted for advice to the Data Protection Authority. Article 7. § 1. The decision to install one or more surveillance cameras in an enclosed area not accessible to the public is made by the controller. § 2. The controller communicates the decision referred to in §1 to the police forces. He shall do so at the latest on the day that precedes the day the surveillance camera or surveillance cameras are put in use. The controller shall also notify the police forces about any change made to the surveillance cameras system deployed pursuant to a decision referred to in §1. The King is to determine by royal decree after having taken advice from the Data Protection Authority , the form and contents of the standard form that must be used on that occasion, the form and modalities of updating this form, as well as the manner in which this form and its updates must be communicated to the police forces The decision must not be communicated to the police forces , if the surveillance camera or cameras are used by a physical person for a personal or household activity inside a private home. The controller shall keep a register of the image processing activities of the surveillance cameras carried out under his responsibility, except where a natural person installs and uses a surveillance camera for personal or household activities inside a private home. This register is in written form, whether or not in electronic form. The controller shall make this register available upon request to the Data Protection Authority and to the police forces. The King is to determine, after having taken advice from the Data Protection Authority, the content of this register, its modalities and its retention period. The controller shall place a pictogram indicating the surveillance by camera at the entry of the enclosed area not accessible to the public. The King is to determine by royal decree after having taken advice from the Data Protection Authority , the model of that pictogram and the indications it must mention. This pictogram shall not to be placed for the surveillance camera or cameras installed or used by a natural person for personal or household activities inside a private home. Except for the areas referred to in article 8/2 §1, the controller shall ensure that the surveillance camera or cameras are not specifically directed at an area for which he does not process the data. In case of surveillance of a private entry opposite to an unenclosed area or an enclosed area accessible to the public, the surveillance camera or cameras shall be placed in such a manner as to limit the surveillance of that area to a strict minimum. §3. The viewing of these images in real time shall only be permitted to enable an immediate intervention in case of offence, damage, nuisance or disturbance of the public order. The recording of images shall only be permitted to gather evidence of nuisance or facts that qualify as an offence or that cause damage and to detect or identify perpetrators, persons that disturb the public order, witnesses or victims. If the images cannot contribute to the evidence of an offence, damage or a nuisance, or to the identification of a perpetrator, a person disturbing the public order, a witness or a victim, they shall not be stored for a period longer than one month. This period shall be extended to three months for areas that, due to their nature, present a special risk to security, as determined by the King by royal decree deliberated in the Council of Ministers, the draft of which is submitted for advice to the Data Protection Authority.
  6. 6. 6 CHAPTER III/1. – Conditions under which the use of mobile surveillance cameras is allowed Article 7/1. The mobile surveillance cameras may be used in unenclosed areas only for automatic number-plate recognition, by or on behalf of the municipal authorities for the following purposes: 1° to prevent, establish or detect nuisance within the meaning of article 135 of the New Municipalities Act within the context of article 3,3° of the Act of 24 June 2013 on municipal administrative sanctions; 2° to control the compliance with the municipal regulations regarding paid parking. The use of mobile surveillance cameras referred to in subparagraph 1 can only be entrusted to staff designated by the law to perform monitoring missions within the limits of their powers. The decision to use mobile surveillance cameras referred to in paragraph 1 shall be taken upon positive advice from the concerned municipality council. The latter shall give its advice after having consulted with the chief of police of the police area in which the area is located and shall determine the validity period of this advice. The controller shall specify in its request for advice the specific purposes for the use of the mobile surveillance cameras referred to in paragraph 1, the perimeter within which they will be used and the intended modalities of their use. The perimeter of use may correspond to the entire territory of the concerned municipality. The positive advice of the municipality council may be renewed, at the expiry of its validity period, by means of a reasoned request of the controller. Article 7/2. The decision to use mobile surveillance cameras in enclosed areas may be taken by the controller only in the following cases: 1° the use of mobile surveillance cameras within the context of article 142 of the Act of 2 October 2017 regulating private and special security; 2° the use of mobile surveillance cameras in an enclosed area, or parts of this enclosed area, where no person is supposed to be present; 3° the use of mobile surveillance cameras by a natural person, for personal or household activities, in an enclosed area not accessible to the public. Article 7/3. §1. In the cases referred to in article 7/1 and article 7/2, 1° and 2°, the controller shall notify the police forces about the decision to use mobile surveillance cameras. He shall do so at the latest the day before the day of the first use of the surveillance camera or cameras. The controller shall also notify the police forces about any changes made to the camera surveillance system deployed pursuant to the decision referred to in articles 7/1 and 7/2, 1° and 2°. The King is to determine by royal decree after having taken advice from the Data Protection Authority , the form and contents of the standard form that must be used on that occasion, the form and modalities of updating this form, as well as the manner in which this form and its updates must be communicated to the police forces. In the cases referred to in articles 7/1 and 7/2, 1° and 2°, the controller shall keep a register of the image processing activities of the surveillance cameras carried out under his responsibility. This register is in written form, whether or not in electronic form. The controller shall make this register available upon request to the Data Protection Authority and to the police forces. The King is to determine, after having taken advice from the Data Protection Authority, the content of this register, its modalities and its retention period. §2. In the case referred to in article 7/1, the existence of camera surveillance shall be jointly reported by: 1° a pictogram affixed to the vehicle on which the mobile surveillance camera is deployed; and 2° any other information channel set up by the controller to inform citizens in a clear manner.
  7. 7. 7 In the cases referred to in the articles 7/2, 1° and 2°, the controller shall place at the entrance of the area a pictogram indicating the presence camera surveillance. The King is to determine by royal decree after having taken advice from the Data Protection Authority, the model of the pictogram referred to in paragraph 1 and 2, and the indications it must mention. Except in the areas referred to in article 8/2, §1, the controller shall ensure that the mobile surveillance camera or cameras are not directed to an area for which he does not process the data himself. §3. In the case referred to in article 7/1, the viewing of the images in real time shall be permitted under the conditions provided for in article 5,§4, except in case of mobile surveillance cameras for automatic number-plate recognition that are being used to control the compliance of the municipality regulations regarding paid parking. In this latter case, the viewing of the images in real time may take place without the supervision of the police forces. In the cases referred to in article 7/2, the viewing of the images in real time is only permitted to enable an immediate intervention in case of offence, damage, nuisance or disturbance of the public order. §4. The recording of images shall only be permitted to gather evidence of nuisance or facts that qualify as an offence or that cause damage and to detect or identify perpetrators, persons that disturb the public order, witnesses or victims. If the images cannot contribute to the evidence of an offence, damage or a nuisance, or to the identification of a perpetrator, a person disturbing the public order, a witness or a victim, they shall not be stored for a period longer than one month. This period shall be extended to three months for areas that, due to their nature, present a special risk to security, as determined by the King by royal decree deliberated in the Council of Ministers, the draft of which is submitted for advice to the Data Protection Authority. Article 7/4. The notifications provided for in articles 5,§3, 6,§2, 7,§2, and 7/3,§1 may be submitted by a person designated by the controller. The King is to determine, after having taken advice from the Data Protection Authority, the conditions and modalities of this delegation. CHAPTER IV. – Common provisions Article 8. Any covert use of surveillance cameras is prohibited. Any use of surveillance cameras without the prior consent of the person filmed or, concerning the use of mobile surveillance cameras in unenclosed areas, which does not comply with the transparency modalities provided for in article 7/3,§2, first subparagraph is deemed to be covert Is considered to be prior consent: 1° the access to an area where a pictogram indicates camera surveillance is taking place; 2° [repealed] Article 8/1. The use of intelligent surveillance cameras linked to registers or files of personal data shall only be permitted for automatic number-plate recognition purposes, provided the controller processes these registers or these files in compliance with the laws and regulations regarding the protection of privacy. Article 8/2. §1. With regard to enclosed areas accessible to the public and enclosed areas not accessible to the public, the controller referred to in articles 6, 7 and 7/2 may decide to direct the surveillance camera or cameras to the perimeter directly surrounding the area, in the areas determined by the King, by royal decree deliberated upon in the Council of Ministers, the draft of which is submitted for advice to the Data Protection Authority. §2. The decision referred to in §1 shall be taken upon positive advice from the municipality council about the delimitation of the perimeter. The municipality council shall give its advice after having first consulted with the chief of police of the police area in which the area is located.
  8. 8. 8 Article 9. Only the controller in relation to enclosed areas accessible to the public or enclosed areas not accessible to the public, or the person acting under his authority, have access to the images, except in the case referred to in article 6, §2, subparagraph 7 The controller or the person acting under his authority shall take all necessary precautions to secure the images against access by unauthorized persons. The persons that have access to the images are bound by a duty of discretion in relation to the personal data that those images yield, it being understood that the controller in relation to enclosed area accessible to the public or enclosed areas not accessible to the public, or the persona acting under his authority: 1° may communicate the images to the police forces and the judicial authorities, if he establishes facts that may qualify as an offence or nuisances and the images may contribute to the evidence of those facts and the identification of the perpetrators; 2° must communicate the images, free of charge, to the police forces if they make such a request in the context of their mission of administrative or judicial police and the images relate to the established offence or the established nuisances. If it relates to an enclosed area not accessible to the public, the controller or the person acting under his authority may require that a court order is submitted in the context of an investigation or a judicial investigation. 3° may, in case of an enclosed area accessible to the public, and if an agreement, whose terms have been laid down by a written contract, has been concluded between the controller and the concerned police department: a) communicate the images in real time to the police forces, for the security of the areas, which, by their nature, pose a special risk to safety, as determined by the King by royal decree deliberated upon in the Council of Ministers, the draft of which has been submitted for advice to the Data Protection Authority; b) communicate the images in real time to the police forces, in compliance with the applicable rules regarding private and special security, when there is a fact that may require their intervention. Without prejudice to the application of articles 47sexies and 47septies of the Code of Criminal Proceedings, within the context of their mission of administrative or judicial police, the federal and local police services have unrestricted and free of charge access in real time to the cameras installed in the network of public transportation and of companies in nuclear sites that are designated by royal decree deliberated upon in the Council of Ministers. The detailed provisions concerning this unrestricted access to the images, the communication and the security thereof are determined in protocol agreements between the concerned police forces and the public transportation company or the nuclear site, submitted for advice to the Data Protection Authority, before their signature. Article 10. Surveillance cameras may not yield images that violate the intimacy of a person, nor aim to gather information on the philosophical, religious, political, trade union affiliation, ethnic or social origin, sexual life or health of a person. Article 11. A royal decree issued after deliberation in the Council of Ministers, the draft of which has been submitted to the Data Protection Authority for advice, may prohibit the use of certain applications of camera surveillance or subject it to additional conditions. Article 12. Every filmed person has a right to access the images. He is to addresses a request to the controller in accordance with the legislation on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data This request shall include sufficiently detailed indications to enable to the precise location the concerned images.
  9. 9. 9 The controller shall keep the images for which access is requested for the time necessary to process this request, whereby the retention period may not exceed the period provided for in article 5,§4, subparagraph 5, 6,§3, subparagraph 3, 7,§3, subparagraph 3, and 7/3, §4, subparagraph 2, as the case may be. When the filmed person is entitled to a copy in accordance with article 15 §3 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC, hereinafter referred to as "Regulation (EU) 2016/679", the controller may reply to the access request by showing the filmed person the images in which he appears, without providing him with a copy of the data, in order to safeguard: 1 ° the rights and freedoms of others, as provided for in article 15 §4 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679; 2° public security or investigation, detection or prosecution of criminal offences or the execution of criminal penalties, including the safeguarding against and the prevention of threats to public security, pursuant to article 23, §1 (c) and (d) of Regulation (EU) 2016/679. CHAPTER V. Provisions concerning offences3 Article 13. Violation of articles 9 and 10 shall be punished with a fine between two hundred and fifty euros and twenty thousand euros. He who possesses an image which he may reasonably presume to have been obtained in violation of the articles 9 and 10 shall be punished with the same fine. Violation of articles 5, 6, 7, 7/1, 7/2, 7/3 and 8, 8/1 and 8/2shall be punished with a fine between one hundred euros and ten thousand euros . He who possesses an image which he may reasonably presume to have been obtained in violation of these articles shall be punished with the same fine. CHAPTER VI. – Transition provisions Article 14. [Repealed] 3 The fines are represented in euro prior to “revaluation”. In order to obtain the current amount of the fine, the amount must be multiplied by 8. For instance, a fine of 100 euro should be read as a fine of 800 Euros.
  10. 10. 10 Bibliographical information4 Act of 12 November 2009 modifying the Act of 21 March 2007 governing the installation and the use of surveillance cameras (Belgian State Gazette of 18 December 2009)5 Act of 3 August 2012 modifying the Act of 21 March 2007 governing the installation and the use of surveillance cameras in view of reinforcing the security on public transportation and on nuclear sites (Belgian State Gazette of 31 August 2012)6 Act of 4 April 2014 modifying the Act of 21 March 2007 governing the installation and the use of surveillance cameras (Belgian State Gazette of 25 April 2014)7 Act of 21 April 2016 concerning miscellaneous provisions Internal Affairs – Integrated Police (Belgian State Gazette of 29 April 2016)8 Act of 21 March 2018 modifying the Act on police forces to govern the use of cameras by the police forces, and modifying the Act of 21 March 2007 governing the installation and the use of surveillance cameras, the Act of 30 November 1998 governing the intelligence and security services and of the Act of 2 October 2017 governing private and special security (Belgian State Gazette of 16 April 2018) Act of 30 July 2018 modifying the Act of 21 March 2007 governing the installation and the use of surveillance cameras with a view to improve the consistency and the conformity of the text with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) (Belgian State Gazette of 31 August 2018 – First Edition) An official, non-consolidated German translation was published in the Belgian State Gazette on 20 November 2007. An unofficial, consolidated version can be also consulted on the website of the Central Service for German Translation – Commission for German legal terminology (Ministry of Internal Affairs – http://www.scta.be/MalmedyUebersetzungen/downloads/20070321.pol.doc). This version does not include the latest changes. It is important to verify the consolidation date when consulting this document. 4 This chapter provides an overview of the acts that are incorporated in this consolidated version. Reference is made to the official title of the act and its publication date. 5 An official German translation was published in the Belgian State Gazette on 26 March 2010. The text can also be consulted on the website of Central Service for German Translation – Commission for German legal terminology (Ministry of Internal Affairs): http://www.scta.be/MalmedyUebersetzungen/downloads/20091112.pol.doc. 6 An official German translation was published in the Belgian State Gazette on 10 October 2012. The text can also be consulted on the website of Central Service for German Translation – Commission for German legal terminology (Ministry of Internal Affairs): http://www.scta.be/MalmedyUebersetzungen/downloads/20120803-1.pol.docx. 7 An official German translation was published in the Belgian State Gazette on 18 August 2014. The text can also be consulted on the website of Central Service for German Translation – Commission for German legal terminology (Ministry of Internal Affairs): http://www.scta.be/MalmedyUebersetzungen/downloads/20140404L.pol.docx. 8 An official German translation was published in the Belgian State Gazette on 8 November 2016. The text can also be consulted on the website of Central Service for German Translation – Commission for German legal terminology (Ministry of Internal Affairs): http://www.scta.be/MalmedyUebersetzungen/downloads/20160421L.pol.docx.

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