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Japan.pptx

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Japan.pptx

  1. 1. JAPAN Japan – Is one of the most developed countries in the world with a thousand–year history, distinctive culture and traditions…
  2. 2. Japan is one of the most developed countries in the world with a thousand–year history, distinctive culture and traditions. This is a country of contrasts: rice- growing rural hinterland and multimillion-dollar Tokyo, Buddhist monks and fashion-obsessed teenagers, solemn religious rituals and the noise of patinko gambling halls, exquisite temple architecture and multi-storey concrete boxes.
  3. 3. Japan is located in East Asia, on 6852 islands. The largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku, which make up 97% of the entire territory. The Japanese archipelago originates from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north and extends far south to the East China Sea and the island of Taiwan. Despite the relatively small area – 377,944 km2, the country is densely populated. According to 2018 data, 126,225,000 people live here. According to this indicator, small Japan is inferior to huge Russia by only 17.2 million people.
  4. 4. The unofficial name of Japan, often found in the press, is the Land of the Rising Sun. The Japanese themselves widely use the name "Nihon" in everyday life, which translates as "The Birthplace of the Sun". The daylight only once, back in 1945, faded over Hiroshima and Nagasaki – two cities that became targets for American atomic bombs that claimed thousands of lives.
  5. 5. The first people settled on the Japanese islands during the Paleolithic. During this period, the surface of the Earth was covered by glaciers, and the water level differed from the current one by a hundred meters, so there was just a vast valley on the site of the Sea of Japan. Land isthmuses connected the territory of the future archipelago with the mainland. HISTORY Jōmon period Then the glaciers melted, the level of the world ocean increased, part of the Japanese territory was flooded, and a group of sea islands – an archipelago - was formed. The climate has warmed up, the sea currents have changed direction, and the steppe here has been replaced by forest thickets. Yayoi period In the first millennium BC, the Japanese borrowed the technology of irrigation rice cultivation from the inhabitants of the continent. For this purpose, the valleys near the plain area river were populated. The first village communities appeared, jointly cultivating rice fields. Among the new skills of the population, it should be noted the ability to make ceramic dishes for cooking and storing food – narrow high pitchers decorated with a special lace ornament, "dzemon". He was present on the dishes up to the II century BC and gave the name to this historical period..
  6. 6. SAMURAI サ ム ラ イ Middle Ages In the Middle Ages, it's time for samurai in Nippon. A power struggle begins between their families, and the Taira wins it. The defeated Minamoto clan formed their opposition. The struggle did not subside, and later the Minamoto overthrew the rule of the Taira. In the XII century, the institution of the shogunate was formed, and a dual power developed in medieval Japan: the Kyoto emperor and the shogun – in Kamakura, who represented the interests of the samurai. Samurai and ordinary people are becoming interested in Buddhism. The Jodo sect, which preached Amidaism, is popular among them. The following schools of Japanese Buddhism are also becoming famous: • Jodo-shinshu, • Nichiren-xiu, • Soto-Shu, • Rinzai.
  7. 7. In the XVIII-XIX, the authority of the shogunate was shaken, and the restoration of imperial power took place with the help of Emperor Meiji. The five- hundred-year rule of the shoguns is over. Since then, Japan has become a world-class industrial power.The country has experienced ups and downs, periods of militaristic sentiments and expansionism. Now Japan is heading for liberal democracy and is among the most influential countries in the world with a high level of technology and economic development. Modern time
  8. 8. Climate Although Japan is a small country, it has as many as six climatic zones. The temperature regime ranges from fairly cool in the north to subtropical in the southern regions. Climatic indicators directly depend on seasonal movements of atmospheric air. Seasonal winds also determine the weather in the Pacific Ocean area. This area is characterized by rare snowfalls, but winters are cold. Summers are usually humid and hot due to the influence of the seasonal south-easterly wind. In the extreme southwest, as already noted, a subtropical climate prevails. Winter is warm here, and summer is hot. There is a high level of precipitation, and even there is a rainy season. Typhoons are not uncommon.
  9. 9. Mount Fuji is a symbol of Japan, it is also called sacred (Fujisan). A Shinto temple has been erected on its slopes, a weather station and a post office have been equipped. Mount Fujiyama is the highest point in Japan, this status has earned its peak Kengamine. The mountain is located on the island of Honshu, 90 km southwest of the capital, its height is 3776 meters. Fujiyama is well recognizable due to its symmetrical cone. This volcano is loved to photograph and is often depicted on souvenirs or paintings. Annually Fujiyama conquers more than 200 thousand people, spending 5-8 hours on the ascent (descent usually takes less time). Mount Fuji
  10. 10. Tokyo Tower But the main symbol of the capital is the Tokyo Tower, whose height is 332.6 meters. The structure was designed "with an eye" to the Eiffel Tower in Paris: its structure is the same lattice. She appeared 69 years later than her French "sister". The TV tower in Tokyo has become the embodiment of the most modern technologies. Its observation decks offer stunning views not only of the city, but also of the surrounding area. There are shops and restaurants where you can shop and eat delicious food.
  11. 11. Interesting facts
  12. 12. 18 second 6800 2050 year 17 million tons The Japanese eat more fish than other people in the world - over 17 million tons per year. The downside of a long life is a low birth rate and demographic crisis. Experts have seriously taken up this problem, as it is estimated that in 2050 the country's population will reach 95 million. Japan is located on islands, of which there are more than 6800 in total. However, there are only four of the largest among them, and the largest cities of the country are located on them. Japanese trains are recognized as the most punctual in the world. On average, their maximum delay is only 18 seconds!
  13. 13. Thank you for your attention! Japan

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