The medieval castle in the site and later chateau was the residence of French monarchs from Louis VII through Napoleon III. It was the traditional residence of the French monarch. It also dated back a long way too, from its beginning of an abbey, to a hunting lodge then to a palace. Unlike Versailles, Fontainebleau is not a vision of one monarch. It is a bewildering of styles from Francois I, who modelled on Florentine and Roman styles. Throughout the visit you will be able to see the changes in French tastes and the changing architectural styles Fontainebleau abiding charm comes from its relative informality and spectacular forest settings. Part of the Chateau today is devoted to the Napoleon Museum. It was here that Napoleon abdicated the throne on 5 April 1814 and made his famous farewell speech to the soldiers of the Old Guard, who followed him in his military campaigns.