• ANALYZE THE MUSIC OF SOUTHEAST ASIA;
• PERFORM USING THE MUSIC OF SOUTHEAST
• ANALYZE EXAMPLES OF SOUTH EAST ASIAN
MUSIC AND DESCRIBE HOW THE MUSICAL
ELEMENTS ARE USED.
Cambodia is one of the most beautiful
countries in southeast asia. It is also known as
It was the center of Kmer (Cambodian)
Kingdom of Angkor, a great empire that
dominated the southeast asia 600 years.
Art music is highly influenced by ancient forms
as well as hindu forms.
Cambodian court music is roughly similar to
that of java, indonesia. They feature choruses
with large orchestras based on struck keys and
The PINPEAT is a Cambodian musical
ensemble or an orchestra that usually
accompanies ceremonial music of the royal
courts and temples. Music is always part of
their court dances, masked plays, shadow plays
and religious ceremonies. This group is similar
to the PIPHAT ensemble of the Thailand.
Indonesia is an archipelago in Southeast
Asia comprising approximately 17,500
islands. With over 238 million people,
Indonesia is the world’s fourth most
populous country and is the fourth biggest
nation of the world.
There are two basic kinds of Indonesian music
1. Slendro – five (5) equidistant tones in
2. Peloq – heptatonic (7) tone scale with semi-
Both vocal and instrumental music in
Indonesia use slendro and peloq scales.
The Gamelan or Gamelan Orchestra is the
most popular form of music in Indonesia.
There are many types of Gamelan but the
famous Javanese and Balinese Gamelan are the
most famous. It contains a variety of
instruments such as metallophones,
xylophones, kendang and gongs, bamboo
flutes, bowed and plucked strings.
Vocal music is used as ornamentation of the
Gamelan. It is as important as Gamelan.
1. Pesindhen – is a female soloist singer who
sings with a Gamelan.
2. Gerong – refers to the unison male chorus
that sings with the Gamelan.