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Problem of human d iversity sexualities

  1. Problem of Human Diversity Sexualities Presented by: Inhwa Lee
  2. contexts  What is sexualities?  Types of sexuality  What is Heterosexism, homophobia, and Biphobia?  Culture origins of Homophobia  Sociological theories  Solutions of sexualities.
  3. What is Sexualities?  Everyone’s sexuality is different, and it’s not necessarily as simple as ‘gay’ or ‘straight’. Some people are attracted to only one sex, and others are attracted to a diversity of people regardless of sex or gender, with a lot of different preferences in between.  Some gay, lesbian or bisexual people say from an early age that they “felt different”, and had crushes on friends of people of the same sex, only associating these feelings with being gay or bisexual later on.  Many people don’t discover their sexual attractions until much later into adulthood and it can be just as confusing then.
  4. Types of sexuality  Straight - Attracted mostly to people of the opposite sex or gender.  Gay -Attracted mostly to people of the same sex or gender (used by guys, and often girls too).  Lesbian - Attracted mostly to people of the same sex or gender (used by women).  Bisexual - Attracted to both men and women. Some people use terms like pan or pansexual to say they’re attracted to different kinds of people, regardless of their gender.  Asexual - Not really sexually attracted to anyone.  Transgender – persons who do not fit neatly into either the male of female category, or whose behaviour is not congruent with the rules and expectations for their sex in the society in which they live
  5. What is Heterosexism, Homophobia and Biphobia?  Heterosexism is the belief that heterosexuality is the superior sexual orientation; it results in prejudice and discrimination against homosexuals and bisexuals  the term homophobia is commonly used to refer to negative attitudes and emotions toward homosexuality and those who engage in it.  Biphobia is negative attitudes toward bisexuality and people who identify as bisexual.
  6. Cultural origins of Homophobia  1. Religion: most individuals who view homosexuality as unacceptable say they object on religious grounds. Although some religious groups accept homosexuality, many religions teach that homosexuality is sinful and prohibited by God.  2. Marital and procreative bias: many society have traditionally condoned sex only when it occurs in a martial context that provides for the possibility of producing and rearing children.  3. concern about HIV and AIDS: although transmission rates vary upward and downward for different groups over time and most cases of HIV and AIDS world wide are attributed to heterosexual transmission, HIV and AIDs in Canada is more prevalent among gay and bisexual men than among other groups.
  7. A World view of laws pertaining to Same- Sex Activity  In 10 countries, individuals found guilty of engaging in same- sex sexual behaviour may receive the death penalty.  For example, a Somali lesbian couple were sentenced to death for “exercising unnatural behaviour” (“Jail, Death Sentences in Africa” 2001).  In general, countries throughout the world are moving toward increased legal protection of sexual orientation minorities.  Between 1984 and 1995, 86 countries changed their policies regarding sex between men, sex between women, or both and nearly every change was toward increase liberalization of policies on same-sex sexual behaviour.  According to the international Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC), 86 countries still have laws to prohibit sexual acts carried out in private between consenting adults.
  8. iO Tillett Wright: Fifty shades of gay
  9. Structural Functionalism  When it comes to sexuality, functionalists stress the importance of regulating sexual behavior to ensure marital cohesion and family stability. Since functionalists identify the family unit as the most integral component in society, they maintain a strict focus on it at all times and argue in favor of social arrangements that promote and ensure family preservation.  From a functionalist standpoint, homosexuality cannot be promoted on a large-scale as an acceptable substitute for heterosexuality. If this occurred, procreation would eventually ends. Therefore, homosexuality, if occurring mainly within the population, is dysfunctional to society. This criticism does not take into account the increasing legal acceptance of same-sex marriage, or the rise in gay and lesbian couples who choose to bear and raise children through a variety of available resources.
  10. Conflict Theory  For conflict theorists, there are two key dimensions to the debate over same-sex marriage—one ideological and the other economic. Dominant groups (in this instance, heterosexuals) wish for their worldview—which embraces traditional marriage and the nuclear family—to win out over what they see as the intrusion of a secular, individually driven worldview.  On the other hand, many gay and lesbian activists argue that legal marriage is a fundamental right that cannot be denied based on sexual orientation and that, historically, there already exists a precedent for changes to marriage laws: the 1960s legalization of formerly forbidden interracial marriages is one example.
  11. Queer Theory  Queer Theory is a perspective that problematizes the manner in which we have been taught to think about sexual orientation. By calling their discipline “queer,” these scholars are rejecting the effects of labeling; instead, own purposes.  Queer theorists reject the dichotomization of sexual orientations into two mutually exclusive outcomes, homosexual or heterosexual. Rather, the perspective highlights the need for a more flexible and fluid conceptualization of sexuality—one that allows for change, negotiation, and freedom. The current schema used to classify individuals as either “heterosexual” or “homosexual” pits one orientation against the other. This mirrors other oppressive schemas in our culture, especially those surrounding gender and race.
  12. What are the Solutions for LGBT Discrimination?  Educate Many people my not understand what LGBT stands for or the hardships that LGBT people face in the professional world and their personal lives. Diversity training is often used for people of different races and national origins, but diversity in the workplace and at school also includes LGBT people. An optional sensitivity training class is a way for workers and students to become more knowledgeable about the LGBT community and recognize discriminatory practices.  Listen Open the floor to those who are LGBT and ask them how they feel about the company or school environment. Do they feel as if their concerns as an LGBT person are being addressed? Have they ever felt discriminated against? If so, ask them about what happened and what they think can be done in order to help this situation so it doesn't affect anyone else. If they don't feel comfortable speaking publicly about their experiences, you can allow them to make an anonymous submission.
  13. References Openstax. (2014). Introduction to Sociology. Retrieved from http://cnx.org/contents/afe4332a-c97f-4fc4-be27-4e4d384a32d8@7.16:56  Caldwell, C. (n.d.). Solution for lgbt discrimination in the workplace and in school. Retrieved from http://work.chron.com/solutions-lgbt-discrimination- workplace-school-23934.html  https://www.ted.com/talks/io_tillett_wright_fifty_shades_of_gay?language =en#t-150456  Morgan Holems, M., Linda, A., Knox, D., & Schacht, C. (2016). Understanding social problems. United states of America
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