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Getting The Eyes Of Knowledge

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Getting The Eyes Of Knowledge

  1. 1. Essence of Bhagavad-Gita Getting the Eyes of Knowledge
  2. 2. <ul><li>“I shall now declare unto you in full this knowledge, both phenomenal and numinous. This being known, nothing further shall remain for you to know.” [BG 7.2] </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pratyaksha Praman (Direct Sensual Perception) <ul><li>“ Seeing is Believing” </li></ul><ul><li>Pratyaksha praman is the knowledge obtained by direct sensual perception of form, taste, touch, smell, and sound. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge achieved through direct sense perception is limited and unreliable due to four defects of human </li></ul>
  4. 4. Defect 1: Imperfect Senses <ul><li>Eyes cannot see distant objects or objects closest to them like eyelids! </li></ul><ul><li>We see what we want to see {select and discard} </li></ul><ul><li>We interpret what we see according to context </li></ul><ul><li>We give data of things not actually present </li></ul>
  5. 6. More to Seeing Then What Meets the Eyes Phenomenon of Recognition What do you see?
  6. 7. Phenomenon: Hearing Effect What We See <ul><li>How do we recognize the different object that come before the eyes? </li></ul><ul><li>The power of recognition comes from authorities whom we have heard from! </li></ul><ul><li>The chemistry teacher tell us this is a chemical formula. The theologian tells this book, out of all the books, is a holy book. </li></ul><ul><li>Would we have recognized these objects as such without hearing from a chem. Teacher or theologian respectively. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Hypothetico-deductive method <ul><li>Observation is theory laden. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientist cannot use any direct, step by step, process to derive hypotheses from raw observational data. To deal with such data at all, they must already have some working hypotheses. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: &quot;The electron beam was deflected by the magnetic field&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Observation statements acquire relevance and meaning only when formulated within the context of a particular theory. This is because the concepts they employ are only meaningful within the language of that theory. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>“It may be heuristically useful to keep in mind what one has observed. But on principle, it is quite wrong to try grounding a theory on observable magnitudes alone. In reality the very opposite happens. It is the theory which determines what we can observe.” –Albert Einstein </li></ul>
  9. 10. Misconceptions Obscure Vision <ul><li>The premise that observation precedes theory is wrong. </li></ul><ul><li>Since observation statements presuppose some theory, they are as fallible as the theory. Hence, they do not provide a completely secure basis for scientific knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Henrich Hertz testing Maxwell electromagnetic theory (3) </li></ul>
  10. 11. Conclusion: Conditions for Seeing <ul><li>Thus, seeing depends on: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Where we are putting our attention </li></ul><ul><li>2. Knowledge {ability to recognize} </li></ul><ul><li>3. What we have heard </li></ul><ul><li>4. Consciousness {one’s conceptions about life, one’s desires, motivations, etc.} </li></ul>
  11. 12. Defect 2: Tendency to Be Illusion Flat Earth Model Defect 3: Tendency to Commit Mistakes
  12. 13. Defect 4: Tendency to Cheat Many years, textbooks on evolution Cited the Piltdown man as evidence That human beings have descended From an ape-like ancestor. In 1912, Archaeologist excavated a humanlike Skull and apelike jaw from a gravel pit at Piltdown, in the British Isles. The bones were deemed Part of the same creature, which was duly reconstructed In full and placed in the British Museum as an example Of a transitional phase between ancient ape and modern Man. In 1953, however, investigators discovered that The jawbone of the Piltdown man was actually of very Recent origin and had simply been filed to look like a Fossil. In other word, the Piltdown was a fraud.
  13. 14. Anumana Praman (Hypothesizing Base on Evidence) <ul><li>Where the senses fail to find the beginning, the mind takes over . </li></ul><ul><li>The mind's attempt to know what is beyond the reach of sense perception is called anumana , reasoning . </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Frog’s Philosophy </li></ul>
  14. 15. Movement of the Speculative Mind <ul><li>Reflective - the mind lays out the scope of the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Creative - the mind creates a number of possible causes </li></ul><ul><li>Critical - the mind critically assesses these possibilities in terms of evidence and logic. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Blind Men and the Elephant
  16. 17. The Need of Scripture and Guru <ul><li>Critical thinking leaves us uncertain because of the inability to go beyond the limit of our senses to see what is “objectively” represented. </li></ul><ul><li>Only somebody with complete vision can give perfect knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Krishna has perfect perception of reality and leaves scriptures to share that perfect perception. </li></ul><ul><li>Sadhus, or those deeply connected to God, speak from the scriptures and thus allow for a complete picture. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Darshan <ul><li>Hearing the science of God from great saintly persons is called darshan. </li></ul><ul><li>Darshan means “sight” as well as “philosophical insight” or “discourse.” </li></ul><ul><li>By hearing from great saintly persons who are devotees of God, we can come to see and realize the truth. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Shabda Praman <ul><li>Objects beyond material nature (spiritual) cannot be known experimentally. </li></ul><ul><li>Achintya means inconceivable for material mind and senses. </li></ul><ul><li>That which is achintya can be known only by shabda, the process of hearing from Vedic literature. </li></ul><ul><li>Coming directly from God, Vedic knowledge is free of the four defects. </li></ul>
  19. 20. The Real Goal of Eduation <ul><li>Modern educational system teaches students in schools and universities the knowledge obtained by pratyasha and anuman praman, i.e, changing relative truths. </li></ul><ul><li>This knowledge may be good for filling our bellies, but cannot provide solution to the ultimate question’s of life: Why I am suffering? What is the ultimate destination of my life? How to become truly happy? </li></ul>
  20. 21. The Boatman and the Scientist Mundane knowledge of science and philosophy, although attractive to the mind and senses, cannot save one at the time of death.
  21. 22. <ul><li>“ I do not know what may appear to the world, but to myself I seem to have been like a body playing by the seashore, and diverting myself now and then finding a smoother pebble or a prettier shell than ordinary, whilst the great ocean of truth lay all undiscovered before me.”-Sir Isaac Newton </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>“ The most beautiful and most profound emotion we can experience is the sensation of the mystical. It is the sower of all true science. He to whom this emotion is a stranger, who can no longer wonder and stand rapt in awe, is as good as dead. To know that what is impenetrable to us really exists, manifesting itself as the highest wisdom and the most radiant beauty which our dull faculties can comprehend only in their primitive forms-this knowledge, this feeling is at the center of true religousness.” Eienstein </li></ul>
  23. 24. Knowledge Free From Defects <ul><li>Only God is free from defects. </li></ul><ul><li>Vedas proclaim that the truth contained in the Vedic literature are the words of God. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, the knowledge is pure, absolute and if handed down, w/out addition or substraction, such unadulterated wisdom can give one the highest realization. </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>“ This knowledge is the king of education, the most secret of all secrets. It is the purest knowledge, and because it gives direct perception of the self by realization, it is the perfection of religion. It is everlasting, and it is joyfully performed.” BG 9.2 </li></ul>

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