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Pharmacological activities of coccinia grandis

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medicinal property of ivy gourd

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Pharmacological activities of coccinia grandis

  1. 1. Coccinia grandis & Its pharmacological activities Jatindra nath Mohanty, JRF
  2. 2. Belongs to family Cucurbitaceae. Over 900 species in Coccinia genus. A tropical and perennial crop. Has both high nutritional and medicinal values. Leaves are alternate, heart to pentagonal shape. Dioecious in nature Angiosperm bearing fruits in female plants. Coccinia grandis Voigt
  3. 3. Heart Shaped PentagonalTendrils Leaves of C. grandis
  4. 4. Flowers Female Flower GyM –H Type Male Flower GyM –F Type
  5. 5. Red in color when ripe Ovoid to elliptical shape 25-60mm long,15- 35mm diameter Glabrous, hairless stalk Fruits Succulent, tuberous Desperation by humans, birds, cattle, pigs etc. Germinates with suitable conditions Stem & Root
  6. 6. Part of plant Chemical constituents Medicinal value Stem and leaf Heptacosane, cephalandrol, β- sitosterole, Alkaloids Cephalandrins A&B Antidiabetic, oxidant, larvicadal, GI disturbances, Cooling effect to the eye, Gonorrhea, hypolipidemic, skin diseases, urinary tract infection Expectorant, antispasmodic, asthma, bronchitis, urinary tract infection. Root Resin, Alkaloids, Starch, Fatty Acids, Carbonic acid, Triterpenoid, Saponin Coccinoside, Flavonoid Glycoside, Lupeol, β-amyrin, β-sitosterol, Taraxerol Hypoglycemic, antidiabetic, skin diseases, removes pain in joint, urinary tract infection Fruit β- Amyrin Acetate, Lupeol, Cucurbitacin B, Taraxerone, Taraxerol, β-carotene, Lycopene, Cryptoxanthin, Xyloglucan, Carotenoids, β-sitosterol, Stigma-7-en-3- one. Hypoglycemic, analgesic, antipyretic, Hepatoprotective, tuberculosis, eczema. anti-inflammatory. Chemical constituents and medicinal value
  7. 7. Antibacterial Anthelmintic Antioxidant Antiulcer Antimalerials Anti-inflammatory Antipyretic Analgesic Antifungal Anticancer Antitussive α - amylase inhibition Hypoglycemic Hepatoprotective Pharmacological Applications
  8. 8. Conclusions  Coccinia grandis holds a great nutritional and economical importance.  Several pharmacological applications make it further precious and worthy of exploration.  Being dioecious in nature it can act as a model plant for study of sex linked genetic expressions.  Showing so many morphological variation in sexes like male, female, hermaphrodite, gynomonoecious etc it may lead to the revelation of the evolution of sexes in plants.