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Social structure

Social Structure overview

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Social structure

  1. 1. Social Structure  Social structure is a framework consisting of social institutions (political, educational & religion), social practices (roles & statuses) and social groups(primary and secondary).  It establishes a society and applies limits on behavior.  It refers as the way in which a society is organized.  It is a collection of people and relations in a specific geographical area.
  2. 2. Society Institutions Statuses Groups Roles Figure of Social Structure
  3. 3. Status A status is a socially defined position in society characterized by certain expectations, rights and duties. Types of status Ascribed Status given to individual generlly at birth and from which they cannot escape; these statuses are fixed Achieved Status Positions that are achieved by individuals for themselves ; these status can change
  4. 4. Master Status is most important status that a person occupies. Example Being a member of a religious , racial, or sexual minority , homeless , gender. Symbol Status are material signs that inform others of a person’s specific status. Example wearing a wedding ring proclaims that a person is married.
  5. 5. Roles of Social Structure  Role: role are sets of norms that specify the rights and obligations of each status.  Example: I have the status of ‘Student’; My role is to learn.  Problems of social structure  Role conflict: A role conflict is when a person is expected to fulfill the duties of two contradictory positions.  Example: In case if a person is both dad and coach. As a father, he wants to see his son participating in the baseball game no matter how good or bad his skills are. As a coach, he has to do what's best for the team. This means he must put in players that are talented and will help the team win the game.
  6. 6. Problems of social structure  Role Strain: occurs when incompatible role demands develop within a single status.  Example: role strain occurs when a person has difficulty meeting the responsibilities of a particular role in his or her life. If you're reading this right now at a time when you are having trouble keeping up with the expectations on you as a student, learning all you need to learn, keeping on top of the work involved, this means you are experiencing strain on your role as a student.  Status inconsistency: ascribed vs. achieved status  Status inconsistency is a condition in which a person's social position is high in one regard but low in another regard.
  7. 7.  Social institution:  Any institution in a society that works to socialize the group of people in it.  It is a group of social positions, connected by social relations, performing a social role.  Characteristics:  Institutions are purposive  Relatively permanent in content  Institutions are structured  Institutions are unified structure
  8. 8.  Major social institutions:  The family:  It is the basic unit of society and the educational system where the child begins to learn his ABC.  It is the basic unit of socialization where the individual develop their values, behavior, and way of life through interaction with the members of the family.  Government as a social institution:  Is the institution which solves the conflicts that are public in nature and involve more than one people.
  9. 9.  Educations:  The form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transfer from one generation to the next through teaching, training or research.  Religions:  Religion is a system of belief and rituals that serves to bind people together through shared worship, thereby creating a social group.