Empowering Seafarer Manpower Solution of Shipping Industry
Empowering the Seafarer- Manpower Solution of the Shipping Industry Inderveer Solanki MET 2007
OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Solution to the manpower shortage of shipping industry </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Seafarer Empowerment Model (SEM) </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of the SEM </li></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness of SEM </li></ul>
INFORMAL INTERVIEWS RESEARCH STUDY TOPIC MODEL QUESTIONER QUESTIONER DEVELOPMENT OF MODEL AND QUESTIONER
PRESENT SCENARIO MOTIVATION THEORY EMPOWERMENT THEORY CAREER CHOICE THEORY ANALYSIS SEAFARER EMPOWERMENT MODEL DISCUSSION BENEFITS CONCLUSION Data Research Industry Data
Source: Author Diesel Steam T. Gas Turbine Electric- drive Master single or twin Fixed CPP Kort- nozzle Water Jet Indian Chinese Philippines Russian Thai Ghana Japanese British Weather Depth Squat interaction Distance Speed, ETA, Fuel Tide & currents Charter Party Sub charter B/L Flag, PSC USCG, Vetting, Class, ISM, ISPS Tugs Mooring IBS AIS GPS ARPA GYRO Auto- Pilot Regulations National IMO, ILO WHO, UN Coastal, Port Environment Pollution Area & time Loadline Ice and Weather Operation Maintenance Emergency Training documentation Cargo Loading Unloading Lashing & care Claims Stowaway Pirates Terrorists Security
Present Scenario – Motivation Theories Source: Adapted by author from http://www.ruralhealth.utas.edu.au Sea Career Missing Missing Missing Some extent Some extent The Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs illustrates the five level of needs from most basic physiological needs at the lower level to self actualisation needs at higher level
Source: Author Maritime Education & Training Institutes Operation level Management Level Captain / Chief Engr. 18Yrs+ (Age) >21Yrs + (Age) >24Yrs + (Age) High school Marriage B a c h e l o r >28Yrs + (Age) Children Basic human needs are satisfied but motivating factors diminish over time Increased Family Needs 34 Yrs + Age Specialised courses Post Sea Training Pre sea Training Lack of Self development motivating factors
Present Scenario – Analysis <ul><li>Shortage of trained manpower in the shipping industry </li></ul><ul><li>Seafarer, main ambassador of the shipping industry is not satisfied </li></ul><ul><li>Seafaring is not a life long career </li></ul><ul><li>Seafaring lacks motivation factors </li></ul><ul><li>There is lack of awareness and lack of attraction about the career </li></ul>
Present Scenario – Lead ahead <ul><li>Transition ashore is required to make it a lifelong career </li></ul><ul><li>Transition ashore makes the sea career more attractive and also resolves shortage of manpower in the maritime cluster </li></ul><ul><li>To spread positive awareness about the career is must to attract the talented youth </li></ul><ul><li>Higher education is required for transition ashore as well as for job performance on board ( over 90% respondents feel the need) </li></ul>
Objectives of Seafarer Empowerment Model (SEM) <ul><li>Preparing for transition ashore </li></ul><ul><li>Spread awareness in society </li></ul><ul><li>Improve image of the sea career in society </li></ul>
Seafarer Empowerment Model (SEM) Source: Author
Seafarer Empowerment Process Source: Author Assess Educate Associate Output Career Education Isolation Image Integrated Hybrid Education Self efficacy confidence, Permeation Change Impact Mapping of capabilities with Jobs Lifelong career Integration Changed Image Coordinate Politician Bureaucrat Lawyer Manager
Seafarer Empowerment Process Source: Author Empowerment of seafarer Empowerment of seafarer Non - Maritime W O R L D Maritime Cluster Isolation Inadequate Skills Education & Employment Integration & Impact
Main Concepts of SEM <ul><li>Integration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical, Discipline, Jobs, Society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hybrid Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Face to face and distance learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learn while you Earn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distance learning at sea </li></ul></ul>
SEM- Integrated Learning Environment Source: Author Maritime Education and Training Social Sciences Information Technology & communication Management & Admin. Law Engineering Environment Economics REGULATORS OPPERATORS POLICY MAKERS MANAGERS Governments Maritime Cluster Non Maritime Facilitators Society Psychology Integrated Learning Environment
Implementation of SEM Source: Author Feasibility study Effectiveness Demand Infrastructure Faculty Implementation METI + Courses or METI + Univ. or MU + Univ. or Integrated University Program Flexible Modular Credit RPL Delivery Hybrid Class & DLP Certification Recognition Mobility Career
Conclusions & Recommendations <ul><li>Shortage is real </li></ul><ul><li>SEM provides the necessary transition </li></ul><ul><li>SEM provides lifelong career needs </li></ul><ul><li>METI and maritime universities has critical role in empowering seafarer </li></ul><ul><li>IAMU and WMU has the experience to support and facilitate SEM </li></ul><ul><li>SEM can also be used for empowering ratings </li></ul><ul><li>The career choice theories should be used for marketing seafaring </li></ul>
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