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Tips to Write effectively Descriptive and argumentative essay

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No one can deny that writing an essay in a language that is not yours is difficult and even challenging. This document includes effective tips to write essays in English, namely descriptive sand argumentative. You will find important information about each kind of essay, clear and easy method. Enjoy reading and why not applying this method in your writings!

Publicada em: Educação, Tecnologia
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Tips to Write effectively Descriptive and argumentative essay

  1. 1. Tips to Write Argumentative, Descriptive and For and Against essays in an effective way Prepared by Imane Jaabouk An English high school teacher In Morocco 2013-2014 Descriptive essay In the descriptive essay, we describe people, places, memories, events, objects, experiences, etc…
  2. 2. To describe a person, you should tell the reader about the following information( see the chart below): Height -Tall - Short - Medium Build Age Face Eyes -Frail -young Round Green -Stocky -teenager Oval Black -Skinny -old Wrinkled Brown -Slim MiddleSkin-fair Big -Plump aged Small -Fat narrow -well-built To describe a person’s abilities and attitudes: Intellectual abilities Attitudes towards life Intelligent, bright, clever, smart, able, gifted, talented, brainy… Optimistic , pessimistic Extraverted, introverted Relaxed, tense, sensible, senstitive, practical, professional… Hair Curly Wavy Spiky Bald straight Clothes Elegant Good –looking Shabby Tidy Messy Casual Attitudes towards other people Sociable, quarrelsome, argumentative, easy-going, Honest, trustworthy, reliable, sincere…. Elements of the descriptive essay: o Introduction:  Present the person you will describe ( name, job, you relationship with him or her, etc…) o The body:  Start the body by the topic sentence ( the leading sentencs that gives the reader an idea about the content of the body. For example, Charoukhan is a handsome Indian actor)  After the topic sentence, you describe the person ( see the chart above). For example, Sharoukan has brown eyes. He is medium. Besides, his clothes are tidy.  Use linking words of addition o The conclusion:  Say that the person you ‘re describing is loved by his fans all over the world. For example. Just like Indians, Moroccans love Sharoukhan. His movies are appreciated and loved all over the world Example of a descriptive essay
  3. 3. A Moroccan popular comedian Said Naciri is one of the most popular actors in Morocco. Whenever he appears on TV, on the theater or in films, people can’t help applauding and feeling excited. What is his secret? He is a gifted comedian. He can play any role in plays, in films or in TV programmes. He is also an excellent film director. Moreover, he excels at the one man show. What makes him even more popular is his being flexible, sociable and reliable. He is medium, round faced. He is black and usually wears tidy clothes. What people appreciate in him is his political involvement and his criticism of politicians. Most of his fans and journalists think he is an outstanding comedian who participates in the development of the cinema industry. Task n°1: Following the structure above of the descriptive essay, choose a person you love and describe him or her Argumentative essay
  4. 4. In the argumentative essay, students should give arguments of both sides ( for examples, advantages and disadvantages) o Just like any other type of essay, it includes the introduction, the body and conclusion The introduction includes: o o o The general idea of the topic you are writing about The problematic The question or you can say ( hence, the purpose of this essay is to discuss both the advantages and the disadvantages of technology ) The body includes : o The 1st paragraph deals with the advantages ( positive things) o The 2nd paragraph discusses the disadvantages ( negative things) o Remember to start each paragraph with a topic sentence (For example, the use of technology has many advantages) o After the topic sentence, give supporting ideas (for example. First if all, technology facilitates communication) o Use linking words of addition, cause and effect o Start the 2nd paragraph with a topic sentence o To move to the 2nd paragraph, start by a topic sentence and use linking word of contrast of concession( Despite the advantages of technology , it has many disadvantages). Give supporting ideas The conclusion includes: o A short summary of the body o Your opinion ( use expression of expressing opinion) Or you can suggest solutions Or you can be neutral. Example of an argumentative essay Topic : Technology has been widespread in all societies. Everyone is using it for many reasons. Yet, the use of technology has advantages and disadvantages. Write an article to your school magazine about the advantages and the disadvantages of the use of technology. Introduction( some useful expressions): We all agree on the fact that technology has become common for the 21 st century generation. No one can deny the importance of technology in our life. Yet. It has benefits and drawbacks So, what are the advantages and the disadvantes of the use of technology? The body
  5. 5. The 1st paragraph ( advantages): Topic sentence : computers have many advantages First of all, we can communicate with people from different countries. Besides, computers can help us to keep up with the latest news that happen in the world In addition, people can entertain themselves. For example, they listen to music or play games in their free time The 2nd paragraph( disadvantages) : Topic sentence : Despite the benefits of technology ; it got several points To begin with, the fact that information have become accessible makes people dependent on the internet. What is more, most people spend too much time in front of the computer. They neglect their work or studies. As a result, they become addicted Moreover, some websites spread a wrong ideas. People believe in these ideas. The conclusion: To sum up/ to conclude/ in brief, technology is a double-edged sword; it has benefits and drawbacks. In my point of view, …. In the next page, you will find a sample of an argumentative essay about the advantages and the drawbacks of computers:
  6. 6. Computers are important means of communication and information. On the other hand, they have some negative effects on its users. So, what are the advantages and the disadvantages of computers? Computers have many advantages. First of all, we can communication with people from different countries. Besides, computers help us to keep up with the latest events that happen in the world. Thanks to the internet, everyone can know what happens in Iraq or Syria without watching TV. In addition to that, computers are means of entertainment. We can listen to music or play games in our free time. On the other hand, computers have some drawbacks. To begin with, the fact that information have become accessible makes people dependent on the internet. What is more, most people spend too much time in front of the computer. They neglect their work or studies. As a result, they become addicted. Moreover, some websites spread wrong ideas. Consequently, people believe in these ideas. To sum up, computers are double-edged sword. They have benefits and drawbacks. In my opinion, people should use computers positively and not negatively.
  7. 7. Now, it you turn to write an argumentative essay Topic : o Are you for or against the use of humor at schools? Introduction The general idea The problematic The body The 1st paragraph ( the advantages): Topic sentence : The 2nd paragraph ( drawbacks) Topic sentence : The question
  8. 8. The Conclusion 1. Summary of the body 2. Express your opinion Now you write the essay:
  9. 9. For and against essay Introduction: State the general idea ( or thesis statement) State the problematic ( some people are for the use of humour at work while others are against) Ask a question about the topic ( for eg: what are advantages of the disadvantages of using humor at work? . The body: 1. Topic sentence: there are many arguments for using humor at work a. Argument 1: first of all, people who work are less stressed b. Argument 2: besides, using humor at work make workers energetic and active c. Argument 3: another advantage is that humour is healthy and have a positive impact on our emotions 2. Arguments against using humour at work a. To begin with, people who use humor waste their time. As a result, they don’t produce b. Moreover, humor results in neglecting of duties. c. Furthermore, when the employee uses humor excessively, he or she can lose his job. 3. The conclusion: a. A balanced conclusion: humor at work is a double-edged sword. Some people are for while others against. b. Personal point of view: in my opinion/ as far as I am concerned, …….

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